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Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Hans Kruuk

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Hans Kruuk's previous Wild Otters was the first, and until now the only, book to cover both natural history and scientific research on behaviour and ecology of otters in Europe. The present book is a ... More


Marine Food Webs: Conceptual Development of a Central Research Paradigm

Bruce Menge

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the history of recent scientific understanding of food webs, particularly shallow water food webs. The chapter outlines a history of key papers ranging from Elton to the most ... More


ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter summarizes research on the anatomy and physiology of the House Sparrow based on organ systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, ... More


Summary: A Bird’s-Eye View of Community and Population Effects of Ontogenetic Development

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a summary of the topics covered by the present volume. The summary serves the purpose of clearly showing how different chapters fit together in a general framework with respect ... More


Marine Birds and Climate Fluctuation in the North Atlantic

Joël M. Durant, Nils Chr. Stenseth, Tycho Anker-Nilssen, Michael P. Harris, Paul M. Thompson, and Sarah Wanless

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter shows how climate might influence seabirds directly through variations in temperature and wind. It also provides an overview of the potential indirect impact of climate variability on ... More


Techniques in physiology and genetics

Alistair Dawson

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers methods used to study the physiology and genetics of birds. It describes methods for obtaining samples of blood and tissue from wild birds, experimentation, anaesthesia, ... More


Food webs in lakes—seasonal dynamics and the impact of climate variability

Dietmar Straile

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Studies on lakes provide some of the most complete investigations on the structure, dynamics, and energetics of food webs encompassing organisms from bacteria to vertebrates. The life cycle of ... More


The ecology of female reproduction in wild orangutans

Cheryl D. Knott, Melissa Emery Thompson, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Orangutans have the longest interbirth interval of any mammal, with existing data suggesting that these intervals may be significantly longer in Sumatra than in Borneo. This finding presents a ... More


Methodology After the Event: Weiner, Symbolic Obviation, and the Foi and Strathern, Gender of the Gift, and the Hagen moka

Tony Crook

in Anthropological Knowledge, Secrecy and Bolivip, Papua New Guinea: Exchanging Skin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264003
eISBN:
9780191734151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264003.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter provides two ethnographic examples of anthropologists reflexively incorporating Melanesian aesthetics and energetics into their interpretations by making distinctive borrowings from ... More


Desert food webs and ecosystem ecology

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with the trophic model of Hairston, Smith, and Slobodkin and the food-web model generated by Cohen. It explains why, even in a desert, such generalities are inappropriate. Desert ... More


Otter ecology and its background

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter outlines environmental and conservation concerns that underlie the research described in this book. There are examples of observations of otters of different species in the wild, main ... More


Evolutionary relationships, questions and methods of otter ecology

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes otter phylogeny, including the latest analyses of mitochondrial DNA. They are Mustelids, originating some 11-14 million years ago in the Miocene in south-east Asia, main ... More


Otters fishing: hunting behaviour and strategies

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes foraging behaviour, and the success rates and factors that influence this. Diving of Eurasian and sea otters is quantified (depths, timing) and analysed in some detail. Some ... More


Problematization of the concept of force

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The most remarkable feature of the physical content of Heinrich Hertz's book Principles of Mechanics is that it is a mechanics without forces. The concept of force and, in particular, of gravitation ... More


Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals

Philip C. Withers, Christine E. Cooper, Shane K. Maloney, Francisco Bozinovic, and Ariovaldo P. Cruz Neto

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199642717
eISBN:
9780191830334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642717.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This book describes the physiology of mammals in an ecological and environmental context. It first describes the basic bauplan and history of living mammals from an evolutionary viewpoint. General ... More


Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Gus Mills and Margaret Mills

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This book demonstrates how cheetahs are adapted to arid savannahs like the southern Kalahari, and makes comparisons with other areas, especially the Serengeti. Topics dealt with are: demography and ... More


Energy gain and use during animal migration

Nir Sapir, Patrick J. Butler, Anders Hedenström, and Martin Wikelski

in Animal Migration: A Synthesis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568994
eISBN:
9780191774676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

A balance of energy gain and use is needed during migration to safeguard against starvation and to minimize the costs of body mass overloading due to excessive lipid deposition. This chapter ... More


Techniques for muscle energetics

Roger C. Woledge

in Current Methods in Muscle Physiology: Advantages, Problems and Limitations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523970
eISBN:
9780191724480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523970.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Research into how muscle plays these roles and the limitations of its ability in each regard requires that we measure directly or indirectly the energy changes involved; this has been recognized for ... More


Biosphere and Ecosystems

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter introduces some of the basic concepts of ecology to characterize the biosphere of the earth, its ecosystems and their components of biotic and abiotic environment. It describes the ... More


Physical and Biological Properties and Principles: Related to Animal Locomotion

Andrew A. Biewener and Shelia N. Patek (eds)

in Animal Locomotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

Studies of animal locomotion are grounded in an understanding of the physical principles that govern how animals move and properties of the media through which they move. These studies, in turn, ... More


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