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The Struggle for Justice in the Internment Process

Mary Elizabeth and Basile Chopas

in Searching for Subversives: The Story of Italian Internment in Wartime America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469634340
eISBN:
9781469634364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634340.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 3 examines the alien enemy hearings, exploring the question of what process is due enemy aliens through legal constitutional theories concerning aliens’ rights. After comparing the alien ... More


“A Multitude of Complexes”: Finding Common Ground with Louis Adamic

Matthew M. Briones

in Jim and Jap Crow: A Cultural History of 1940s Interracial America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691129488
eISBN:
9781400842216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691129488.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter talks about how Kikuchi suspected that his belief in his alienable rights as a citizen would be severely challenged. A year earlier, Congress had passed the Alien Registration Act, ... More


Kilsoo Haan and “Constructive Americanism”: The Ethnicization of Korean Immigrant Nationalism, 1931–45

Richard S. Kim

in The Quest for Statehood: Korean Immigrant Nationalism and U.S. Sovereignty, 1905-1945

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195369991
eISBN:
9780199918263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369991.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Asian History

This chapter examines the political activities of the relatively obscure nationalist Kilsoo Haan. Through what he called “constructive Americanism,” Haan believed Koreans on the U.S. mainland and ... More


Citizens of a Fictional Nation

Sarah Abrevaya Stein

in Extraterritorial Dreams: European Citizenship, Sephardi Jews, and the Ottoman Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226368191
eISBN:
9780226368368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226368368.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter rethinks the First World War as a richly complex legal terrain, exploring the history of a novel form of protection created in France during the First World War and extended to seven ... More


Conclusion

Mary Elizabeth and Basile Chopas

in Searching for Subversives: The Story of Italian Internment in Wartime America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469634340
eISBN:
9781469634364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634340.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The conclusion emphasizes that Italians were detained by the INS under the alien enemy program and interned in far fewer numbers than Germans and Japanese, despite their much greater population size, ... More


The internment of ‘enemy aliens’

Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

in A matter of intelligence: MI5 and the surveillance of anti-Nazi refugees, 1933-50

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719090790
eISBN:
9781781707357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090790.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The best example of disagreement between MI5 and Home Office was the question of the internment of ‘enemy aliens’. This chapter traces the role of MI5 in the policy of mass internment: a role which ... More


The Start of War

Yoosun Park

in Facilitating Injustice: The Complicity of Social Workers in the Forced Removal and Incarceration of Japanese Americans, 1941-1946

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199765058
eISBN:
9780190081348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765058.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Prior to the War, few social workers in the coastal states, including state and county welfare workers soon to be confronted with the massive task of facilitating the forced removal of an entire ... More


The Commons Revolt

A. W. Brian Simpson

in In the Highest Degree Odious: Detention without Trial in Wartime Britain

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198259497
eISBN:
9780191681974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259497.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The Home Office division concerned with making detention orders was G2, under Sir Ernest Holderness. Enemy aliens were the chief concern. A few belonged to the Auslands Organisation, the overseas ... More


Searching for Subversives: The Story of Italian Internment in Wartime America

Mary Elizabeth Basile Chopas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469634340
eISBN:
9781469634364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634340.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

When the United States entered World War II, Italian nationals living in this country were declared enemy aliens and faced with legal restrictions. Several thousand aliens and a few U.S. citizens ... More


Implementation of Martial Law and Military Government

Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

in Bayonets in Paradise: Martial Law in Hawai'i during World War II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852887
eISBN:
9780824868727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

Martial law was declared in Hawai`i within hours of Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; it would last until October 1944. Although the territorial legislature had passed an emergency ... More


Protégé Refugees

Sarah Abrevaya Stein

in Extraterritorial Dreams: European Citizenship, Sephardi Jews, and the Ottoman Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226368191
eISBN:
9780226368368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226368368.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter lends a Mediterranean and Middle Eastern corollary to studies of the European refugee crises unleashed by the First World War. It examines the abrogation of the Capitulatory regime by ... More


Final War Planning for Hawai‘i, 1939–1941: Martial Law and Selective Internment

Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

in Bayonets in Paradise: Martial Law in Hawai'i during World War II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852887
eISBN:
9780824868727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

In the years leading up to the war, the Chief of Staff for Military Intelligence was charged with guarding against subversion among the civilian population and encouraging loyalty to the United ... More


1940

Wendy Webster

in Mixing It: Diversity in World War Two Britain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198735762
eISBN:
9780191799747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198735762.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the different groups that arrived in Britain in 1940—mainly from the British Empire and the European continent. Journeys to Britain were often daring, improvised, and ... More


Japanese Peruvian Enemy Aliens during World War II

Elliott Young

in Forever Prisoners: How the United States Made the World's Largest Immigrant Detention System

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780190085957
eISBN:
9780190085988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190085957.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

Seiichi Higashide was not an agent of the Japanese emperor or a pro-Axis immigrant, and yet he and more than 1,800 other Japanese Peruvians got caught up in a wave of anti-Japanese hysteria during ... More


The Bureaucracy under Stress

A. W. Brian Simpson

in In the Highest Degree Odious: Detention without Trial in Wartime Britain

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198259497
eISBN:
9780191681974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259497.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The massive increase in the use of executive detention between May and September 1940 placed great strains upon Britain's bureaucracy. In addition to Regulation 18B detainees, there were ... More


The Interrogator

Monica Kim (ed.)

in The Interrogation Rooms of the Korean War: The Untold History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691166223
eISBN:
9780691185040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166223.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter begins the story in the Japanese American internment camps of World War II, and follows how the Japanese American subject moved from being an “enemy alien” under surveillance to laboring ... More


“The Great Invasion”

Annegret Fauser

in Sounds of War: Music in the United States during World War II

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199948031
eISBN:
9780199345953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948031.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, American

The foreign musicians who arrived on U.S. soil as refugees from the war in Europe formed an integral part of American musical life in concert hall, radio broadcast, and teaching. Composers in exile ... More


The Supreme Court in the Era of Bifurcated Review II: Foreign Relations Cases

G. Edward White

in Law in American History, Volume III: 1930-2000

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190634940
eISBN:
9780190940348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634940.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The constitutional jurisprudence of foreign relations law was transformed over a period from the mid-1930s to the 1960s. The Supreme Court adopted an increasingly deferential posture toward executive ... More


Germans, Slavs and the Burden of Work in Rural Southern Germany during the Second World War

Jill Stephenson

in Nazism, War and Genocide: New Perspectives on the History of the Third Reich

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780859897457
eISBN:
9781781387238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859897457.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the relations between ordinary Germans and forced foreign workers, including prisoners of war, in rural southern Germany during World War II. It shows how ‘Aryan’ Germans were ... More


Forever Prisoners: How the United States Made the World's Largest Immigrant Detention System

Elliott Young

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780190085957
eISBN:
9780190085988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190085957.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

The United States locks up more than half a million non-citizens every year for immigration-related offenses; on any given day, more than 50,000 immigrants are held in detention in hundreds of ICE ... More


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