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Initial Equality

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines Dworkin's claim that what justice requires by way of an initial distribution of resources can be established by considering the operation of an ideal market. The special auction device used ... More


Neutrality or Tolerance?

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Takes up the relation between Dworkin's liberal egalitarianism and state perfectionism. A distinction is drawn between an ideal of liberal neutrality and liberal tolerance. The latter is compatible ... More


The Most Reliable Judgment Standard for Soft Legal Paternalism

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This author shows how the main principle would endorse a new ground-level principle of weak legal paternalism, the most reliable judgment standard, and compares this standard with the most ... More


Framing Effects in Referendums: Experimental Evidence

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

The purpose of this chapter is to examine how different ‘frames’ influence individual vote choices in referendums. Framing effects occur when people's responses to an issue depend on how it is ... More


Use of Non-EU Ratings in the EU

Garcia Alcubilla and Ruiz del Pozo

in Credit Rating Agencies on the Watch List: Analysis of European Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608867
eISBN:
9780191739125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608867.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Agencies domiciled in non-EU countries do not need to be registered in order to issue ratings on EU issuers or on securities offered in the EU. However, these ratings may not be used for regulatory ... More


Volitional Necessities

Gary Watson

in Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199272273
eISBN:
9780191709968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272273.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Harry Frankfurt and Bernard Williams have contended that our integrity as agents depends on being subject to a form of voluntary volitional incapacity. This chapter explores this thesis, ... More


The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism

Matthew P Llewellyn and John Gleaves

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040351
eISBN:
9780252098772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040351.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

For decades, amateurism defined the ideals undergirding the Olympic movement. No more. Today's Games present athletes who enjoy open corporate sponsorship and unabashedly compete for lucrative ... More


Normativity

Hilary Kornblith

in On Reflection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Human beings are subject to normative demands. Where do these normative demands come from? Some have argued that they are the product of reflection. When we reflect, we may question why we should act ... More


Establishment, Exclusion, and Democracy’s Public Reason

Joshua Cohen

in Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T.M. Scanlon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753673
eISBN:
9780199918829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753673.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Religious freedom has many roots, and no simple story can explain the contours of its appropriate protections, but there is an important democratic strand in the case for religious freedom. That ... More


The Clinton Administration Takes Action

Jon Wiener

in Gimme Some Truth: The John Lennon FBI Files

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520216464
eISBN:
9780520924543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520216464.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

President Clinton delivered a ringing endorsement of the FOIA in October 1993. He announced an “openness initiative” under which all federal agencies were required to renew their commitment to the ... More


A Great Man

John Baxter

in Von Sternberg

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813126012
eISBN:
9780813135601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813126012.003.0014
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Von Sternberg remained until Under World was released. As far as Paramount was concerned, a negligible talent fits only for standard studio products. The film received Academy Award nominations for ... More


Plural Autonomy – Force, Endorsement and Cultural Diversity

Monica Mookherjee

in Women's Rights as Multicultural Claims: Reconfiguring Gender and Diversity in Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632794
eISBN:
9780748652556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632794.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the issues of plural autonomy and cultural diversity, focusing on the British debate on forced marriage. It argues in defence of universal normative commitment to individual ... More


Credentialing Chaplains

Winnifred Fallers Sullivan

in A Ministry of Presence: Chaplaincy, Spiritual Care, and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226779751
eISBN:
9780226145594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226145594.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes the training and credentialing of chaplains. The work of chaplains is set in the larger context of employment regulation in the US. Separate sections describe the three ... More


Celebrity and image rights

Richard Haynes

in Media Rights and Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748618804
eISBN:
9780748670994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618804.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Image rights refer to the commercial use of someone's image, voice, likeness, name or signature. They have become a common trait of the contemporary media economy and are strongly protected and ... More


Third party’s fraud: breach of the Mandate and misdelivery of funds

BENJAMIN GEVA

in Bank Collections and Payment Transactions: A Comparative Legal Analysis

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298533
eISBN:
9780191685477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298533.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter is concerned with the allocation of losses resulting from a third party's fraud leading to a payment which was either not instructed at all or made to a person other than originally ... More


Making a Muslim Messenger Defending the Islamic Legitimacy of Elijah Muhammad

Edward E. Curtis

in Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960–1975

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830543
eISBN:
9781469606088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877449_curtis.6
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores the intellectual defenses of Elijah Muhammad by African American Muslim intellectuals who defended their leader as a genuine Islamic prophet. To defend their leader's ... More


Successful Europeanisation in the 1990s

Paolo Dardanelli

in Between Two Unions: Europeanisation and Scottish Devolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719070808
eISBN:
9781781701393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719070808.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter focuses on the successful Europeanisation that occurred during the 1990s. Its differentiates the European dimension during the 1970s and the 1990s, and looks at its impact on the ... More


Education and Law: Court Rulings on Prayer and Bible Reading

Candy Gunther Brown

in Debating Yoga and Mindfulness in Public Schools: Reforming Secular Education or Reestablishing Religion?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469648484
eISBN:
9781469648507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648484.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 1 illuminates the educational and legal contexts in which yoga and meditation entered the U.S. cultural mainstream. Beginning in the seventeenth century, public schools taught Protestant ... More


Conclusion: Secularization Reconsidered—Best-Practice Recommendations

Candy Gunther Brown

in Debating Yoga and Mindfulness in Public Schools: Reforming Secular Education or Reestablishing Religion?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469648484
eISBN:
9781469648507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648484.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The conclusion reconceptualizes secularization in terms of transparency and voluntarism and recommends best practices that respect cultural and religious diversity. The conclusion argues for an ... More


Epistemic Normativity

Catherine Z. Elgin

in True Enough

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036535
eISBN:
9780262341370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036535.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Epistemic norms are norms of responsible epistemic agency. They are the norms that would emerge from the deliberations of legislating members of a quasi-Kantian realm of epistemic ends. Such ... More


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