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Techniques in physiology and genetics

Alistair Dawson

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers methods used to study the physiology and genetics of birds. It describes methods for obtaining samples of blood and tissue from wild birds, experimentation, anaesthesia, ... More


Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Julie L. Hall, Steven J. Stanton, and Oliver C. Schultheiss

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as ... More


Endocrinology and the Conservation of New Zealand Birds

John F. Cockrem, Dominic C. Adams, Ellen J. Bennett, E. Jane Candy, Emma J. Hawke, Sharon J. Henare, and Murray A. Potter

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Endocrine studies can address questions in reproductive biology that are relevant to conservation. This chapter presents case studies on the endocrinology and conservation of two New Zealand birds: ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


Dopamine: Another “Magic Bullet” for Caregiver Responsiveness?

Viara Mileva-Seitz, Veronica M. Afonso, and Alison S. Fleming

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Mammalian mothering is complex and multidimensional, regulated by many hormonal, neurochemical, and neural changes occurring during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. This chapter outlines the ... More


Patterns and processes of human life history evolution

Michael P. Muehlenbein and Mark V. Flinn

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Phenotypic plasticity in reproductive physiologies and behaviours in response to stochastic environmental signals (i.e., diet, activity, stress, disease, availability of mates) represents a suite of ... More


“The Billionaire’s Last Will”: Hormones and Institutions

Nikolai Krementsov

in Revolutionary Experiments: The Quest for Immortality in Bolshevik Science and Fiction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199992980
eISBN:
9780199370016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199992980.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on actual and fictional experiments with hormones which both scientists and writers saw as a powerful tool for manipulating the shape and functioning of the human body. It ... More


Primate behavioral endocrinology

Nga Nguyen

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Humans have implicitly understood for centuries that hormones affect behaviour and behaviour can affect hormones. However, until recently, our knowledge of hormone-behaviour interactions derived ... More


The Human Animal: Biological Tropes in Interwar Poetry

Tim Armstrong

in Science in Modern Poetry: New Directions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846318092
eISBN:
9781846317743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846317743.007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter discusses how the major advances in endocrinology, entomology and evolutionary biology during the interwar years of the early 1900s influenced the works of the English poets, Herbert ... More


Introduction

in Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, Trees, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226560694
eISBN:
9780226560717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226560717.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book argues that reproduction was a key site for many of those debating the merits of the modern mechanized world. It describes the novels, plays, and science fiction, and the work of ... More


“A sort of animal or mechanic immortality”: Glands and Eugenics

in Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, Trees, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226560694
eISBN:
9780226560717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226560717.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter shifts the attention from robots to real men, revealing how hormones were first envisaged as being able to improve male sexual performance and then extended to the notion of generally ... More


Hormones and Politics

Rose McDermott

in Man Is by Nature a Political Animal: Evolution, Biology, and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226319094
eISBN:
9780226319117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319117.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The recent work in human behavioral endocrinology has shown that hormones play just as important a role in human social as sexual behavior, and this influence is expected to manifest in the political ... More


Testosterone and the Biology of Politics: Experimental Evidence from the 2008 Presidential Election

Coren L. Apicella and David A. Cesarini

in Man Is by Nature a Political Animal: Evolution, Biology, and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226319094
eISBN:
9780226319117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226319117.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter aims to provide a basic framework for understanding testosterone action and its influence on behavior in the political domain. It illustrates how the field of endocrinology can be used ... More


The Biochemistry of Life

Mark Jackson

in The Age of Stress: Science and the Search for Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199588626
eISBN:
9780191750779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588626.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The relationship between adaptation and disease was initially explained primarily in terms of the function or malfunction of the autonomic nervous system. However, during the middle decades of the ... More


The Whole on the Verge of Collapse: Physiology’s Test

Stefanos Geroulanos and Todd Meyers

in The Human Body in the Age of Catastrophe: Brittleness, Integration, Science, and the Great War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226556451
eISBN:
9780226556628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556628.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Chapter 1 begins at a moment of transformation in the field of experimental human physiology that fomented a deep and unequivocal move to a focus on system-wide functions of the human organism. The ... More


Urban Evolutionary Physiology

Caroline Isaksson and Frances Bonier

in Urban Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198836841
eISBN:
9780191873843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836841.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Organisms living in urban environments are exposed to many novel, sometimes beneficial, but most often challenging conditions. These conditions include increased exposure to chemical pollution, ... More


Global Change: Conservation Implications and the Role of Stress Physiology

L. Michael Romero and John C. Wingfield

in Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People: Stress in Wild Animals and How They Cope

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780195366693
eISBN:
9780190456993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366693.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Species conservation has become a major topic of discussion for the public throughout the world. Although various groups have been concerned with species survival for centuries, the attempt to apply ... More


Human sexuality in primatological perspective

Alan F. Dixson

in Primate Sexuality: Comparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199544646
eISBN:
9780191810022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the areas of human sexuality in relation to different primatological evidence. It describes the connection between sexual selection and human evolution that triggers the ... More


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