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Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

John D. Thompson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This book integrates a diverse and scattered literature to produce a synthetic account of plant evolutionary ecology. The central theme is differentiation, both among and within species, in the ... More


Microbial biodiversity and biogeography

David A. Pearce and Pierre E. Galand

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes the major groups of microorganisms found in high latitude aquatic ecosystems and the methodological approaches used to study their biodiversity. The underlying mechanisms that ... More


Introduction: Themes, structure,and objectives

John D. Thompson

in Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This introductory chapter sets the scene both in terms of evolutionary themes and regional history. The two main evolutionary themes of the book — diversity and adaptation — are presented and the ... More


The historical context of differentiation and diversity

John D. Thompson

in Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter provides a detailed account of the three main features of Mediterranean history that have modulated ecological and evolutionary processes acting on plant biodiversity in the region: ... More


Endemism, adaptation, and conservation

John D. Thompson

in Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This concluding chapter reinterprets the main themes of the book in relation to the conservation of the ecological and evolutionary processes underlying the dynamics, persistence, and evolution of ... More


Synthesis and Conclusions

Susan P. Harrison

in Plant and Animal Endemism in California

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520275546
eISBN:
9780520954731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275546.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Summarizing the results of the foregoing chapters, this one concludes that (1) plant endemism does not appear to stimulate animal endemism; (2) endemism in California appears to be attributable in ... More


Building Blocks of Biogeography: Endemic Areas and Areas of Endemism

Lynne R. Parenti and Malte C. Ebach

in Comparative Biogeography: Discovering and Classifying Biogeographical Patterns of a Dynamic Earth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520259454
eISBN:
9780520944398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259454.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the role of the concept of endemism in biogeography and biodiversity investigations. Endemic areas are the building blocks of biogeography; relationships among them form the ... More


Biogeography of the Central Pacific: Endemism, Vicariance, and Plate Tectonics

Michael Heads

in Molecular Panbiogeography of the Tropics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271968
eISBN:
9780520951808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271968.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

New volcanic islands may be colonized from neighboring islands rather than from distant continents. The source islands may subsequently erode and subside, and eventually form atolls or submerged ... More


Phylogenetic Patterns of Endemism and Diversity

Brian L. Anacker

in Serpentine: The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268357
eISBN:
9780520948457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268357.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter assesses how often and in which plant lineages serpentine endemism arose, and the corresponding levels of extant taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity, reviewing recent work on ... More


Lessons from the Tropics

Karen R. Lips and Maureen A. Donnelly

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Amphibian declines differ in the tropics and in temperate areas. While temperate declines generally occur more slowly, affect mostly pond-breeding species, and include salamanders as well as anurans, ... More


Continental-Scale Tectonic Controls of Biogeography and Ecology

Flávio C. T. Lima and Alexandre C. Ribeiro

in Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268685
eISBN:
9780520948501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268685.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter investigates the role of substrate geology and river basin geomorphology in the formation of the fauna in South America. It suggests that the major biogeographic patterns was influenced ... More


Zoogeographic Affinities of Southwestern USA Plecoptera

Steven J. Cary and Gerald Z. Jacobi

in International Advances in the Ecology, Zoogeography, and Systematics of Mayflies and Stoneflies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098688
eISBN:
9780520943803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098688.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the zoogeographic affinities of 75 Plecoptera species in New Mexico and Arizona. The findings indicate that in four major physiographic subdivisions of the study area, stonefly ... More


Implementing Principlesbiogeography of the Pacific

Lynne R. Parenti and Malte C. Ebach

in Comparative Biogeography: Discovering and Classifying Biogeographical Patterns of a Dynamic Earth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520259454
eISBN:
9780520944398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259454.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the complex biogeography of the Pacific to implement a comparative biogeographic method, demonstrating the power of biogeography to discover and interpret natural patterns. ... More


Wallacea Deconstructed

Lynne R. Parenti and Malte C. Ebach

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Wallacea is a triangular-shaped area in the middle of the Indo-Australian Archipelago that was delimited by Roy Ernest Dickerson and colleagues (1928) in a collaborative volume on the distribution of ... More


Conservation and Protection of Subterranean Habitats

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198820765
eISBN:
9780191860485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820765.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

A critical factor of the subterranean fauna and one that increases the risk of extinction is geographical rarity. Some stygobionts and troglobionts are also numerically rare. Subterranean organisms ... More


Endemism and Evolution of the Macaronesian Flora

Mark A. Carine, Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, I. Rosana Guma, and J. Alfredo Reyes-Betancort

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Macaronesian region comprises the volcanic oceanic archipelagos of the Azores, Madeira, Salvages, Canary Islands, and Cape Verdes located in the North Atlantic Ocean. The flora of the region ... More


Early British Collectors and Observers of the Macaronesian Flora; From Sloane to Darwin

Javier Francisco-Ortega, Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, Charlie E. Jarvis, Mark A. Carine, Miguel Menezes de Sequeira, and Mike Maunder

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Macaronesian islands were an early place of interaction between European botanists and a spectacular flora characterized by high levels of endemism. In 1992, a project was launched to investigate ... More


Flowering Plants

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

There is much excellent phylogenetic work on California plant species, but the molecular tools used thus far are generally more useful at discerning evolutionary relationships that occurred prior to ... More


Amphibians

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Anurans were common in western North America by the Paleocene, and Caudates were likely present by the Eocene. Both lineages are sensitive to changes in temperature and moisture, and because ... More


Plant Endemism in California: Patterns and Causes

Susan P. Harrison

in Plant and Animal Endemism in California

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520275546
eISBN:
9780520954731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275546.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins by providing new and updated estimates of plant endemism in both the state of California and the Californian floristic province. It then summarizes the geographic and ecological ... More


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