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Conclusion

S. A. Mileson

in Parks in Medieval England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565672
eISBN:
9780191721748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565672.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This concluding chapter provides a summation of the main findings of the book as a whole. Parks were much more important to the concerns of the aristocracy than has usually been suggested, and they ... More


Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Robert C. Allen

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book traces the shift from medieval to modern institutions in English agriculture. It explores their importance for productivity growth, income distribution, and the contribution of agriculture ... More


Religious Life for Women: From Enclosure to Immersion

Doris Gottemoeller

in From Trent to Vatican II: Historical and Theological Investigations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178067
eISBN:
9780199784905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178068.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Council of Trent's mandate to women's religious lives consisted of an insistence on the rules of enclosure. The Second Vatican Council mandated religious worship to examine every aspect of ... More


 English Historical Documents, 1660–1832

Timothy Fitzgerald

in Discourse on Civility and Barbarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195300093
eISBN:
9780199868636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300093.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The changes in typical usage of the various key categories discussed in previous chapters become more pronounced in certain contexts after the late seventeenth century, and the connection with ... More


Agricultural improvement and the rise of crop breeding

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The Renaissance provided some stimulus to European agriculture but a far more profound phenomenon after 1550 CE was a ‘neonaissance’ involving the creation and publishing de novo of reliable ... More


Enclosure in the South Midlands

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the history of enclosure in the midlands, specifically 1,568 parishes in the counties of Northampton, Rutland, Cambridge, Huntingdon, Oxford, and Bedford, to name a few. ... More


Rent Increases and Overall Farm Efficiency

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the second kind of evidence for the importance of enclosures. The first evidence, which was discussed in the previous chapters, was the observation that land use changed after ... More


A Country Merchant, 1495-1520: Trading and Farming at the End of the Middle Ages

Christopher Dyer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199214242
eISBN:
9780191740954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214242.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

A wool merchant on the edge of the Cotswolds, John Heritage of Moreton in Marsh, traded between 1498 and 1520, and kept a record of his business in an account book. At this time commerce played a ... More


The Editing of the Collection

Peter White

in Cicero in Letters: Epistolary Relations of the Late Republic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388510
eISBN:
9780199866717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388510.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The editor of Cicero's correspondence did not publish all the letter files that Cicero left when he died. Many letters were omitted that did not concern politics or involve members of the political ... More


Pasture, Sheep, Wool, and People

Christopher Dyer

in A Country Merchant, 1495-1520: Trading and Farming at the End of the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199214242
eISBN:
9780191740954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214242.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter shows how sheep were kept and wool produced in a thinly populated countryside, with some flocks kept on specialized pastures, including the sites of abandoned villages, while others ... More


Community and Market in England: Open Fields and Enclosures Revisited

Robert C. Allen

in Communities and Markets in Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199241019
eISBN:
9780191601217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241015.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

This chapter presents an alternative interpretation of the open fields based on historical research in the last thirty years. Open fields were an efficient institution for meeting the needs of ... More


Introduction

S. A. Mileson

in Parks in Medieval England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565672
eISBN:
9780191721748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565672.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter introduces the nature and significance of medieval parks and explains how they have been studied by previous scholars. It then sets out the many aspects of the subject which remain ... More


Parks and the Community

S. A. Mileson

in Parks in Medieval England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565672
eISBN:
9780191721748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565672.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter uses landscape and documentary evidence to uncover for the first time how park-making affected wider communities, including townsmen as well as peasants. The analysis takes in the whole ... More


Replacing Cultivation

Anne D. Wallace

in Walking, Literature, and English Culture: The Origins and Uses of Peripatetic in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183280
eISBN:
9780191674006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183280.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

At the same time in which the transport revolution was happening in England, enclosure in agriculture in the country was taking place, displacing small farmers and rural labourers. This chapter ... More


Economics and the Making of “Natural Resources”

Frédérique Apffel-Marglin

in Subversive Spiritualities: How Rituals Enact the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793853
eISBN:
9780199919246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793853.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 3 focuses on the pre-modern European oral peasantry and their gift economy and rituals on the commons. The chapter argues that the eradication of this world is in great part due to the ... More


The Porfiriato and the Beginnings of Modern Economic Growth

Juan Carlos Moreno-Brid and Jaime Ros

in Development and Growth in the Mexican Economy: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371161
eISBN:
9780199870608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371161.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 3 analyzes the Mexican economy's structural transformation and fast expansion during the Porfiriato. It argues that the achievement of political stability—through the establishment of a ... More


Enclosure and Depopulation

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Aside from being disruptive in the midlands (a topic discussed in Chapter 2), it has been determined that enclosure is the oldest explanation for the destruction of the English peasantry. This ... More


The Rise of the Yeoman

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the way the peasantry consolidated its control over land in the sixteenth century. Prior to this, the English peasants slowly disappeared in two phases. The first phase was due ... More


Yields and Output

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the implications of enclosure for the output of livestock products, while taking into account changes in animal numbers as well as improvements in breeds. The chapter also ... More


Employment and Labour Productivity

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses a possible resolution to the dispute between the two changes that pushed up labour productivity. A reassessment of the contribution of enclosure to the growth of labour ... More


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