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The Modularity Theory

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Modularists claim that folk psychology is mediated by an innate modularized database, the structures of which support inferences concerning representational relations like belief, desire, and ... More


The Case for Massively Modular Models of Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter lays out the main arguments supporting massive modularity and explicates the notion of ‘module’ that those arguments support (which is significantly weaker than on Fodor’s influential ... More


Simple Heuristics Meet Massive Modularit y

Peter Carruthers

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter investigates the extent to which claims of massive modular organization of the mind (espoused by some members of the evolutionary psychology research program) are consistent with the ... More


Constructive Feedback for Modularity

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the varying definitions of “modularity” assumed by different fields (e.g., philosophy, psychology, neuroscience), and focuses on evaluating Fodor's notion of information ... More


Complexity: A Necessary Condition

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In order to explain how the brain and also elementary organisms are able to refer to external things and processes we need to consider complexity. Complexity is a specific combination of order and ... More


The Fast and Frugal Heuristics School

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Fast and frugal school researchers emphasize that evolutionary pressures guarantee that we will generally do a good job making “ecologically rational” choices, using inborn capacities to process ... More


Types of Cloud Computing

Nayan B. Ruparelia

in Cloud Computing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

Cloud computing has five key characteristics: a) Broad network access, b) On-demand self-service, c) Resource pooling or shared services d) Rapid elasticity and e) Measured Service. Each of these ... More


Semisynthetic Minimal Cells: New Advancements and Perspectives

Pasquale Stano, Giovanni Murtas, and Pier Luigi Luisi

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter focuses on recent scientific advances in fabricating an artificial cellular life. First, it discusses the basic functions that may be integrated into artificial cellular life and then ... More


Encapsulation and the C++ class

Joseph F. Boudreau and Eric S. Swanson

in Applied Computational Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198708636
eISBN:
9780191858598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198708636.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Built-in datatypes and C++ classes are introduced in this chapter, and discussed in relation to the important notion of encapsulation, which refers to the separation between the internal ... More


The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives

John Zeimbekis and Athanassios Raftopoulos (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738916
eISBN:
9780191802102
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738916.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

According to the cognitive penetrability hypothesis, our beliefs, desires, and possibly our emotions literally affect how we see the world. This book elucidates the nature of the cognitive ... More


The Modularity of Sentence Processing Reconsidered

Fernanda Ferreira and James Nye

in On Concepts, Modules, and Language: Cognitive Science at Its Core

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190464783
eISBN:
9780190464806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464783.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Today, the modular view of sentence processing is unpopular, but the arguments against modularity are not as strong as this apparent consensus would suggest. Almost all experimental investigations of ... More


The Politics of Labor Incorporation

Sara E. Watson

in The Left Divided: The Development and Transformation of Advanced Welfare States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190245467
eISBN:
9780190245498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245467.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 4 asks why, by the early 1980s, the Spanish labor movement emerged so much stronger than in neighboring Portugal in terms of its capacity to protect the wages of low-skilled workers. The ... More


Broader Lessons of the Left Divided

Sara E. Watson

in The Left Divided: The Development and Transformation of Advanced Welfare States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190245467
eISBN:
9780190245498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245467.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The book concludes with a brief review of the argument, as well as an analysis of its implications for existing understandings of Iberian politics, and for the relationship between parties, society, ... More


Parts

H. Clark Barrett

in The Shape of Thought: How Mental Adaptations Evolve

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199348305
eISBN:
9780199348336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348305.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter explores the notion of modularity: that the mind is composed of distinct processes and mechanisms. It contrasts the traditional psychological view of modules as rigid, narrow, innate ... More


Unencapsulated Modules and Perceptual Judgment

Jack C. Lyons

in The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738916
eISBN:
9780191802102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738916.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

To what extent are cognitive capacities, especially perceptual capacities, informationally encapsulated and to what extent are they cognitively penetrable? And why does this matter? Two reasons we ... More


Perceptual Integration, Modularity, and Cognitive Penetration

Daniel C. Burnston and Jonathan Cohen

in The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738916
eISBN:
9780191802102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738916.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A long-cherished view in philosophy and psychology treats perception as largely consisting in a set of segregated feature detectors. However, the current evidence suggests that this traditional view ... More


Cognitive Penetration and the Reach of Phenomenal Content

Robert Briscoe

in The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738916
eISBN:
9780191802102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738916.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter critically assesses recent arguments that acquiring the ability to categorize an object as belonging to a certain high-level kind can cause the relevant kind property to be represented ... More


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