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Reference without Referents

R. M. Sainsbury

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199241804
eISBN:
9780191602696
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241805.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book concerns the nature of reference, and the theory it develops is intermediate between direct reference theories and descriptivist theories. A guiding thought is that just as truth conditions ... More


Essentialism about Meaning: Empty Names

Howard Wettstein

in The Magic Prism: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195160529
eISBN:
9780199835072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195160525.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A possible undesirable consequence of the direct reference theory is that its truth would imply empty names, e.g. Zeus, Santa Claus, lack significance. An advantage of Frege’s theory is that it makes ... More


Internalist Cases and Externalist Theory

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Frege's Hesperus-Phosphorus case and Russell's empty names case are key cases which suggest internalism. This chapter examines standing externalist accounts of these two sorts of cases, and argues ... More


THE PROPERTY THEORY, RATIONALITY, AND KRIPKE'S PUZZLE ABOUT BELIEF

Neil Feit

in Belief about the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195341362
eISBN:
9780199866922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341362.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter applies the property theory of content to an important problem in the philosophy of mind and philosophical semantics, namely, Saul Kripke's puzzle about belief. The first section ... More


Donnellan’s Blocks

John Perry

in Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The name “Jacob Horn” comes from the book The Horn Papers (1945), published and apparently written by William Horn of Topeka, Kansas. He presented this book to the public as if it were the newly ... More


New Essays on Singular Thought

Robin Jeshion (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book presents ten new essays about singular (de re) thought by a distinguished international group of philosophers of mind and language, as well as a comprehensive introduction by the editor. ... More


The Signification of Names

David Charles

in Aristotle on Meaning and Essence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256730
eISBN:
9780191597183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925673X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In De Interpretatione, Aristotle offers an account of the conditions under which a term like ‘man’ signifies the kind man. This involves, in the case of simple names, the name being correlated with a ... More


Vulcan Might Have Existed, and Neptune Not: On the Semantics of Empty Names

Kathrin Glüer-Pagin and Peter Pagin

in Empty Representations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199647057
eISBN:
9780191761041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647057.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Empty names such as ‘Vulcan’ or ‘Sherlock Holmes’ have intrigued philosophers of language at least since Frege. They are clearly problematic for Millian accounts of the semantics of proper names, but ... More


Empty Representations

Manuel García-Carpintero and Martí Genoveva (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199647057
eISBN:
9780191761041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647057.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

About 40 years ago, Keith Donnellan, David Kaplan, Saul Kripke, and Hilary Putnam initiated a revolution in the then standard conception of reference—a concept at the core of philosophical inquiry. ... More


Empty Names, Propositions, and Attitude Ascriptions

Marco Santambrogio

in On Reference

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714088
eISBN:
9780191782527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714088.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter intends to offer a theory of empty names that is consistent with the doctrine of direct reference and respects the intuition that sentences such as Vulcan does not exist, Le Verrier ... More


Content Relativism and the Problem of Empty Names

Frederick Kroon

in Empty Representations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199647057
eISBN:
9780191761041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647057.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The popular idea that descriptions play an important pragmatic role in what is asserted with sentences containing empty names (including non-existence claims like ‘Santa doesn’t exist’) faces at ... More


Notions of Nothing

Stacie Friend

in Empty Representations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199647057
eISBN:
9780191761041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647057.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Just as we can use ‘Mark Twain’ and ‘Samuel Clemens’ to co-refer, we can use ‘Odysseus’ and ‘Ulysses’ to co-identify—where ‘identification’ carries no ontological commitment. How is this possible if ... More


Wondering about Witches

David Braun

in Fictional Objects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198735595
eISBN:
9780191799631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735595.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses certain semantic problems raised by ‘witch’, ‘unicorn’, and other general terms that seem to apply to nothing. It also discusses issues about belief and other attitudes raised ... More


The Things we Do with Empty Names: Objectual Representations, Non-Veridical Language Games, and Truth Similitude

Kenneth A. Taylor

in Empty Representations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199647057
eISBN:
9780191761041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647057.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops and deploys a trio of interlocking distinctions: (1) between merely objectual and a fully objective linguistic representation; (2) between non-veridical and veridical ... More


Empty Names

Peter Hanks

in Propositional Content

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199684892
eISBN:
9780191765179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684892.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 5 defined semantic reference types and used them to give an account of the semantic contents of proper names. The account was restricted to non-empty names. This chapter extends the view to ... More


Meaning and Logic

Paul Horwich

in Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752233
eISBN:
9780191597732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752237.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The idea that truth serves merely as a device of generalization, and that this must constrain its role in philosophical theorizing, is further illustrated in discussions of a range of semantic ... More


Preliminaries

Stefano Predelli

in Fictional Discourse: A Radical Fictionalist Semantics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198854128
eISBN:
9780191888472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854128.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 1 puts forth some preliminary considerations about our actual (that is, not fictional) use of language. In particular, it motivates the relevance of singular terms for the Radical ... More


The Sign of Four: Fictional Tellers

Stefano Predelli

in Fictional Discourse: A Radical Fictionalist Semantics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198854128
eISBN:
9780191888472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854128.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 2 lays down the general traits of the Radical Fictionalist analysis of fiction, focusing on the case of homodiegetic narrative. In particular, this chapter stresses the distinction between ... More


Loose Ends

Stefano Predelli

in Proper Names: A Millian Account

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198778158
eISBN:
9780191823602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778158.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses certain further questions related to the semantics and the use of proper names. Section one discusses the Millian acceptability of non-synonymous co-referential names, hints at ... More


Principles of Best Practice I: Domain Ontology Design

Robert Arp, Barry Smith, and Andrew D. Spear

in Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262527811
eISBN:
9780262329583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527811.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

We introduce four ontology design principles: realism, perspectivalism, fallibilism, and adequatism. Realism is the view that reality exists independently of our ways of representing it. ... More


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