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Skills and Labour Market Structure

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The four types of employment systems shape skills and labour market structures according to the degree of functional flexibility in work assignments and whether firm internal labour markets or ... More


Employment Systems and the Theory of the Firm: Societal Diversity

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The theory of employment systems provides a synthesis between the ‘human resource–based’ and the ‘opportunism‐based’ theories of the firm. The work rules shape human resource management systems ... More


Classification Rules and the Consolidation of Employment Systems

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The institutionalization of work rules into employment systems arises by their incorporation into job classification systems. The ‘atomistic’ view by which simple tasks are aggregated into job ... More


Pay and Incentives

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Following the logic of the employment relationship, workers are paid for making their labour available to the employer as much as for the amount of effort expended. Hence, the ‘price of labour’ is ... More


Comparing Employment Systems

Clair Brown, Yoshifumi Nakata, Michael Reich, and Lloyd Ulman

in Work and Pay in the United States and Japan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195115215
eISBN:
9780199854820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115215.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter provides a brief comparison of the employment systems of Japan and the U.S. Three remarkable and apparent paradoxical contrasts between Japan and the U.S. are outlined. In addition, the ... More


Societal Diversity of Employment Systems: Comparative Evidence

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Evidence of wide diffusion of the four types of employment systems is presented for major sectors within different countries, based on secondary data. It shows wide diffusion of both the ‘production’ ... More


Economic Dualization in Japan and South Korea

Ito Peng

in The Age of Dualization: The Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797899
eISBN:
9780199933488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Labor market dualization is not unique to Europe, but rather a pervasive global phenomenon. Like some countries in Europe, Japan and South Korea have been gradually liberalizing their labor markets ... More


Performance Management

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Performance management is central to business success, but it is subject to the same types of opportunism as task assignment, and both parties need protection against these if the employment ... More


Interlocking Shareholdings and Corporate Governance

Paul Sheard

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the interrelatedness of the financial feature of stable shareholding and the internal feature of permanent employment in the context of corporate governance. The chapter notes ... More


The Japanese Firm as a System of Attributes: A Survey and Research Agenda

Masahiko Aoki

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter surveys recent achievements of the economic research programme on the Japanese firm and sets its possible research agenda. The chapter makes a clear manifestation of the ‘systematic ... More


Endogenous Growth: Human Capital and Labour Market Reforms

Linda Yueh

in China's Growth: The Making of an Economic Superpower

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199205783
eISBN:
9780191752018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205783.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

One of the key drivers of economic growth in China will be to continue with labour market reforms to improve the level of human capital that can generate sustained productivity improvements. The ... More


Navigating the Waves of Work and Life

Nana Okura Gagné

in Reworking Japan: Changing Men at Work and Play under Neoliberalism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501753039
eISBN:
9781501753053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501753039.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter mentions Saitō-san and Shimizu-san as examples of individuals who escaped the corporate shackles and their lifeways on the fringes of salarymanhood. It looks at the stories of ... More


Women as Cheap Labor: Salaries, Promotions, Ghettos, and the Culture of Woman Blaming

Kumiko Nemoto

in Too Few Women at the Top: The Persistence of Inequality in Japan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702488
eISBN:
9781501706219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702488.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter looks at how major Japanese management and employment practices—seniority pay and promotion, track hiring, and household benefits—work against women's upward mobility and reify sex ... More


Institutional Change and the Transition from School to Work in Russia

Christoph Bühler and Dirk Konietzka

in Making the Transition: Education and Labor Market Entry in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804775908
eISBN:
9780804778954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804775908.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the timing of entering working life and the position of the first job over a period of forty years (1966 to 2005). It looks at twenty-five years of socialism and another fifteen ... More


Theories and the Research Literature

Ulrich Jürgens and Martin Krzywdzinski

in New Worlds of Work: Varieties of Work in Car Factories in the BRIC Countries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198722670
eISBN:
9780191789359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722670.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Corporate Governance and Accountability

The chapter presents the analytical framework of the book, which links four theoretical approaches. The first strand is the discussion around the concept of high performance work practices (HPWP), ... More


Overall Conclusions

Ulrich Jürgens and Martin Krzywdzinski

in New Worlds of Work: Varieties of Work in Car Factories in the BRIC Countries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198722670
eISBN:
9780191789359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722670.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Corporate Governance and Accountability

The chapter presents the general conclusions of the book. It starts with the issue of the global convergence of HRM practices and production systems due to the emergence of global ‘best practice’ ... More


National Policy Change Compared

Deborah J. Milly

in New Policies for New Residents: Immigrants, Advocacy, and Governance in Japan and Beyond

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452222
eISBN:
9780801470790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452222.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines the immigration policy reforms of Italy, Korea, and Spain, which promoted immigrant rights, protections, and social incorporation. Italy passed the Turco-Napolitano Law in 1998 ... More


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