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Ever Earlier Retirement: Comparing Employment Trajectories

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter analyzes the main trends and cross-national variations in early exit from work for eight European countries, Japan, and the USA. Participation levels and employment rates of older workers ... More


Jobs with Equality

Lane Kenworthy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Economic and social shifts have led to rising income inequality in the world's affluent countries. This is worrisome for reasons of fairness and because inequality has adverse effects on other ... More


Measuring and Analyzing Employment Performance

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes a way to conceptualize and measure employment performance. It argues that to assess employment performance since the late 1970s, the most useful measure is employment change. ... More


Introduction

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the concept of inequality. It then considers the solution to the growth of inequality — increasing employment rate. An overview of the subsequent ... More


Housing, Mobility, and Unemployment *

Thomas J. Dohmen

in Homeownership and the Labour Market in Europe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199543946
eISBN:
9780191701320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543946.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter seeks to develop a framework that can account for the relationships between urbanisation, housing tenure, and employment rates. Reasons and underlying processes related to the increase ... More


Why Growth Rates (and Factor Shares) Differ, II

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The linear equation of Ch. 10 is an approximation, a curvilinear relationship being theoretically preferable. The latter implies that the share of wages in total income falls the faster is the rate ... More


Work and worklessness

Stephen Syrett and David North

in Renewing neighbourhoods: Work, enterprise and governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348623
eISBN:
9781447303213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348623.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter discusses the various factors that help explain the localised concentrations of worklessness and the kinds of barriers that those who are not working face in entering the labour market. ... More


Upgrading at the Cost of Unemployment?

Daniel Oesch

in Occupational Change in Europe: How Technology and Education Transform the Job Structure

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680962
eISBN:
9780191761010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680962.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

The previous chapters make a clear case for occupational upgrading. Yet upgrading may not warrant excessive optimism if it comes at the cost of unemployment – if the low educated have simply been ... More


Who Benefits From Labor Market Regulations?: Chile, 1960–1998

Claudio E. Montenegro and Carmen Pagés

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter takes advantage of the unusual variance in labor market policies in Chile to examine how minimum wages and job security provisions affect different types of workers. It looks at the ... More


Ageing and employment in the Mediterranean: old and new challenges

Annamaria Simonazzi and Fiorenza Deriu

in Ageing in the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447301066
eISBN:
9781447311393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447301066.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Population ageing is both a challenge and an opportunity. A challenge to the various welfare regimes, an opportunity to move towards a more comprehensive, sustainable and integrated life-course ... More


Welfare to work measures and financial support for families

Harriet Churchill

in Parental rights and responsibilities: Analysing social policy and lived experiences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420916
eISBN:
9781447302896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420916.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter examines key aspects of welfare reform. Macro-economic and social security policies are highly centralised in the UK, with the devolved Scottish, Northern Ireland, and Welsh ... More


Labor Force Participation by the Elderly and Employment of the Young: The Case of France

Melika Ben Salem, Didier Blanchet, Antoine Bozio, and Muriel Roger

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226309484
eISBN:
9780226309507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309507.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

One of the justifications provided for early retirement policies in developed countries is the idea that such policies can facilitate access to the labor market for younger people and help lower ... More


The employment of older people: can we learn from Japan?

Bernard Casey

in The future for older workers: New perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424181
eISBN:
9781447303800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424181.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Japan is frequently noted for its high level of labour force participation in older workers, in particular older men. In 2000, nearly ninety-five percent of men aged fifty five to fifty nine, nearly ... More


The Macroeconomic Context: Gender Business Cycles

Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton

in Gender Inequality in the Labour Market in the UK

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199686483
eISBN:
9780191766367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686483.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter analyses the relationship between employment rates and the level of production of an economy, its Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and whether this relationship differs depending on whether ... More


The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes

Christopher J. Flinn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013239
eISBN:
9780262289399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013239.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book argues that in assessing the effects of the minimum wage (in the United States and elsewhere), a behavioral framework is invaluable for guiding empirical work and the interpretation of ... More


Climate Policy and Labor Markets

Olivier Deschênes

in The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter analyzes the impact of climate policy on labor markets. It focuses on the relationship between retail electricity prices and indicators of labor market activity using data from Current ... More


The Congenial Presidency

Yanek Mieczkowski

in Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123493
eISBN:
9780813134956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123493.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the image and reputation of former U.S. President Gerald Ford during his term. Though Ford tried to maintain good press relations, reporters often ignored substance for the sake ... More


Conclusion

Philippe Askenazy, Lutz Bellmann, Alex Bryson, and Eva Moreno Galbis

in Productivity Puzzles Across Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198786160
eISBN:
9780191827860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786160.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This conclusion draws together the main lessons of the volume. We find two puzzles. The first is the unemployment response to the Great Recession. While in Britain, France, and Germany employment ... More


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