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Conclusion

Fiona Cowie

in What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book has been able to provide a thorough examination of certain aspects of nativism about the mind, such as its development throughout history and the modern advances in psychology and other ... More


Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

David O. Brink

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book presents a study of T. H. Green's classic Prolegomena to Ethics (1883) and its role in his philosophical thought. Green is one of the two most important figures in the British idealist ... More


THE ATTACK ON EMPIRICISM AND ATOMISM

David O. Brink

in Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Green's attack on the empiricist programme that sees all knowledge as resting on the deliverances of the senses. In this view, knowledge is built up from a foundation of ... More


The Supporting Arguments

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The leading arguments supporting the existence of a priori knowledge fall into three broad categories: conceptual arguments, which offer an analysis of the concept of a priori knowledge and maintain ... More


The Opposing Arguments

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The leading arguments against the existence of a priori knowledge are addressed. The opposing arguments fall into three broad categories: conceptual arguments, which offer an analysis of the concept ... More


The Different Spiritualities of the Students We Teach

Robert J. Nash and DeMethra LaSha Bradley

in The American University in a Postsecular Age: Religion and the Academy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323443
eISBN:
9780199869145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323443.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Nash and Bradley offer an empirically‐based typology of student spirituality that includes orthodox believers, mainline believers, existential humanists, scientific empiricists, and skeptics. They ... More


Foundations of Mind: Origins of Conceptual Thought

Jean Matter Mandler

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311839
eISBN:
9780199786770
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311839.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book presents a new theory of cognitive development in infancy, focusing on the processes through which perceptual information is transformed into concepts. Drawing on extensive research, the ... More


Historical background

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the history of the subject to the early twentieth century. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2.1 discusses the history of visual science, covering the Greeks; the ... More


Attitudes and Approaches to Representation

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses sceptical, empirical, and rational views regarding mental representations. It begins with scepticism because the concerns of the sceptics must be understood if representational ... More


Underdetermination and Evidence

Alexander Bird

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows that the sceptical empiricist argument, and by extension any argument like it, fails. It considers the concept of evidence, endorsing Williamson's view that all and only knowledge ... More


The Dilemma of Empiricist Belief

Chad Mohler

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter evaluates van Fraassen's rejection of naïve empiricism. For example a naïve empiricist holds that to be an empiricist is to believe some thesis E. Van Fraassen argues that the naïve ... More


From a View of Science to a New Empiricism

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents Bas van Fraassen's responses to the critique of his works. He mentions the ways he has changed his mind in the years since The Scientific Image. He highlights two themes as ... More


Language–Learning From Behaviorism to Nativism

Fiona Cowie

in What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In contrast to the empiricist view, which states how all learning involves general strategies that can be applied in various fields and learning from experience, the nativist view explains how the ... More


Islam

JOHN BOWKER

in The Religious Imagination and the Sense of God

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266464
eISBN:
9780191683046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266464.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, World Religions

This chapter discusses the influence of alGhazali's theology in the history of Islam. He was one of the earliest in the western tradition to understand the empiricist challenge to theology, and the ... More


The Normativity of Instrumental Reason

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most philosophers think it uncontroversial that practical reason requires us to take the means to our ends, but have been silent about the normative foundation of this requirement. The interesting ... More


The Myth of Egoism

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers believe there is a principle of practical reason directing the individual to maximize the satisfaction of his own interests. This belief is supposedly compatible with the views that ... More


Core Object Cognition

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter begins to develop an alternative to the empiricist picture of the human initial state. It shows that infants' knowledge of objects displays several of the hypothesized properties of core ... More


The Evident Connexion: Hume on Personal Identity

Galen Strawson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608508
eISBN:
9780191729591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a new reading of Hume’s theory of personal identity — his ‘bundle theory’ of the self or mind — and his later rejection of that theory. Contrary to what many have supposed, Hume does ... More


 Is Logical Empiricism Committed to the Ideal of Value‐Free Science?

John T. Roberts

in Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308969
eISBN:
9780199867608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308969.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that logical empiricism is (implicitly) committed to rejecting the ideal of value-free science. Section 7.2 explains the meaning of the logical empiricist approach to philosophy ... More


The Other Bishop Berkeley: An Exercise in Reenchantment

Costica Bradatan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226931
eISBN:
9780823235773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226931.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In this book, the author proposes a new way of looking at the influential 18th-century Anglo-Irish empiricist and idealist philosopher. He approaches Berkeley's thought from the ... More


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