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The Impact of the Natural Sciences on Theology: The Idea of Reminder

Tapio Luoma

in Incarnation and Physics: Natural Science in the Theology of Thomas F. Torrance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151893
eISBN:
9780199834419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151895.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Torrance holds that the scientists James Clerk Maxwell and Albert Einstein remind theology of its ontological basis in the Incarnation and the Trinity, a basis largely neglected in modern theology. ... More


Sociology and Ideology

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explores the relationship between sociology and ideology, drawing on the work of M. N. Srinivas, and argues that sociology and ideology must be kept apart. It considers sociology as ... More


Defeasibility and Constructive Falsifiability

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter aims to show how to reconcile defeasibility with hypothetico-deductivism. It describes how the logic of proof-based assertion in mathematics coincides with the logic of refutation-based ... More


Introduction and Motivation

Gidon Eshel

in Spatiotemporal Data Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128917
eISBN:
9781400840632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128917.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter briefly sets out the reasons for analyzing data. The simplest need for data analysis arises most naturally in disciplines addressing phenomena that are, in all likelihood, inherently ... More


The Sciences of the Soul: The Early Modern Origins of Psychology

Fernando Vidal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226855868
eISBN:
9780226855882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226855882.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book attempts to explain the development of the disciplinary conception of psychology from its appearance in the late sixteenth century to its redefinition at the end of the seventeenth and its ... More


Naturalism and Philosophical Method

Colin McGinn

in Truth by Analysis: Games, Names, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856145
eISBN:
9780199919567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856145.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Metaphysical naturalism is the thesis that everything real is natural: there is no room for the supernatural in nature—or anywhere else for that matter. Methodological naturalism is the thesis that ... More


Social Constructionism: Implications for Lesbian and Gay Psychology

Celia Kitzinger

in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities over the Lifespan: Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082319
eISBN:
9780199848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082319.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter is mainly a discussion on the materialization of the historical and debate origins of today's sexual identity issues. The concept of social constructionism has branched into two ... More


Niels Bohr and Max Delbrück: Balancing Autonomy and Reductionism in Biology

Nils Roll-Hansen

in Creating a Physical Biology: The Three-Man Paper and Early Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226767826
eISBN:
9780226762777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226762777.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter attempts to develop a more precise understanding of the relation between Niels Bohr's philosophy of science and Max Delbrück's biological research program. It is argued here that ... More


Empirical Spirits

Alireza Doostdar

in The Iranian Metaphysicals: Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691163772
eISBN:
9781400889785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163772.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines some of the earliest attempts at synthesizing theological speculation with the methods of the empirical sciences, drawing special attention to the epistemic and moral ... More


The Naturalist challenge

Dan Zahavi

in Husserl's Legacy: Phenomenology, Metaphysics, and Transcendental Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199684830
eISBN:
9780191765124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199684830.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

The question of how to understand and respond to naturalism has been of concern to phenomenology since its very commencement. How should one assess recent attempts to naturalize phenomenology? ... More


Empirical Constraints on the Problem of Free Will

Peter W. Ross

in Does Consciousness Cause Behavior?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162371
eISBN:
9780262281690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162371.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the role of empirical science in elucidating free will and argues that empirical research can address the dispute between libertarianism and the positions of hard determinism ... More


Empirical Studies of Emotional Response to Music

John Sloboda

in Exploring the Musical Mind: Cognition, emotion, ability, function

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530121
eISBN:
9780191689741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530121.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

There is a general consensus that music is capable of arousing deep and significant emotion in those who interact with it. These experiences deserves a more central position in the psychology of ... More


Introduction

Sabina Leonelli

in Data-Centric Biology: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226416335
eISBN:
9780226416502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226416502.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Summary of the argument, background, methods and approach as "philosophy of science in practice". The introduction articulates what is revolutionary and novel about the current turn to "data-centric ... More


Conservativeness and Deflationism

Leon Horsten

in The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism and Axiomatic Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015868
eISBN:
9780262298643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015868.003.0068
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the relationship between deflationism and the arithmetical nonconservativeness of the compositional theory of truth. Deflationists insist that truth is somehow an ... More


Epilogue: A Daring Adventure of Reason

Jennifer Mensch

in Kant’s Organicism: Epigenesis and the Development of Critical Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226021980
eISBN:
9780226022031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226022031.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason was meant to provide a new logic, a transcendental logic capable of moving beyond the merely analytic conclusions of syllogistic reasoning and ... More


Introduction

Mark A. Bedau and Paul Humphreys

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introduction explains the concept of emergence and examines how it is treated in contemporary philosophy and science. Emergence relates to phenomena which arise from and depend on some more ... More


A Theory of Everything? Kant Speaks to Stephen Hawking

Leslie Stevenson

in Inspirations from Kant: Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199778225
eISBN:
9780190267629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778225.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay examines Immanuel Kant’s systematic diagnosis of a certain kind of illusion to which we are prone when we try to think about the world as a whole, an idea reminiscent of what theoretical ... More


Perceptions of Land and People

Gunnel Cederlöf

in Landscapes and the Law: Environmental Politics, Regional Histories, and Contests over Nature

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199499748
eISBN:
9780199099283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199499748.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

The fourth chapter brings out how empirical sciences, particularly ethnology, merged with historically specific interests in the hills, and how various settler and government claims, through ... More


Linings

Paul Carter

in Dark Writing: Geography, Performance, Design

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832469
eISBN:
9780824868949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832469.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This concluding chapter discusses the history of the line. The modern line of drawing and thinking has at least two genealogies, a Cartesian-deductive one and an inductive one associated with the ... More


To the Humanities and Beyond: Exploring the Broader Questions in Astrobiology

Kelly Smith and Carlos Mariscal

in Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915650
eISBN:
9780197506066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915650.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the exploration of astrobiology. While new, astrobiology's recent success has been nothing short of amazing. In just the past 25 years, scientists ... More


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