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Computational Chemistry

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter first discusses the difference between semi-empirical and ab initio methods, then devotes most of the remaining pages to ab initio calculations. Each ab initio calculation is defined by ... More


Dewey’s Denotative-Empirical Method: A Thread through the Labyrinth

Thomas M. Alexander

in The Human Eros: Eco-ontology and the Aesthetics of Existence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823251209
eISBN:
9780823252756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251209.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter explores John Dewey’s poorly understood first chapter in Experience and Nature on the nature of his “denotative-empirical method”—which he presents as philosophical method. It argues ... More


Function Approximation

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

in Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses function learning methods under covariate shift. Ordinary empirical risk minimization learning is not consistent under covariate shift for misspecified models, and this ... More


Chemical Dynamics and Social Dynamics in Berlin and Manchester

Mary Jo Nye

in Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the collaborative work between Polanyi and Eyring, which made an enduring contribution in defining and defending the use of the “semi-empirical method” in theoretical ... More


Epistemology, Methodology, and Research Design

Shawn W. Rosenberg

in The Not So Common Sense: Differences in How People Judge Social and Political Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084276
eISBN:
9780300129465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084276.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter suggests an approach to studying the way in which people evaluate social and political life. It begins with a discussion of epistemology and method. It argues that one's conception of ... More


Cause in the Ecclesiastic Tradition

Peter V. Rabins

in The Why of Things: Causality in Science, Medicine, and Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164726
eISBN:
9780231535458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164726.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the application of the ecclesiastic method to the study of causality. It argues that the ecclesiastic tradition coexists with empirical and empathic approaches to causal ... More


Empirical: The Biological Sciences

Peter V. Rabins

in The Why of Things: Causality in Science, Medicine, and Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164726
eISBN:
9780231535458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164726.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the application of the empirical method to the study of causality by focusing on the biological sciences. In particular, it considers the nature-nurture debate and ... More


Empirical: Epidemiology

Peter V. Rabins

in The Why of Things: Causality in Science, Medicine, and Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164726
eISBN:
9780231535458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164726.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the application of the empirical method to the study of causality by focusing on epidemiology. The word “epidemiology” shares a common root with the word “epidemic,” and ... More


Francis Bacon and the Origins of Christian Virtuosity

Victor Nuovo

in John Locke: The Philosopher as Christian Virtuoso

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198800552
eISBN:
9780191840449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198800552.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Although the vocation of Christian virtuoso was invented and named by Robert Boyle, Francis Bacon provided the archtype. A Christian virtuoso is an experimental natural philosopher who professes ... More


Introduction: the Problematic State of Socio-legal Studies

Brian Z. Tamanaha

in Realistic Socio-Legal Theory: Pragmatism and a Social Theory of Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298250
eISBN:
9780191685392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298250.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the problems being faced by the field of socio-legal studies. Despite huge growth in its popularity socio-legal studies has been under continuous pressure from different ... More


Introduction

Amit Prasad

in Imperial Technoscience: Transnational Histories of MRI in the United States, Britain, and India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026956
eISBN:
9780262322065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026956.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The history of MRI, if we were to rely on published accounts, appears to be a classic exemplification of the diffusion model of science. Not only do the invention and development of MRI appear to ... More


Conclusion: The Theme Revisited

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

in Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199672110
eISBN:
9780191881671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672110.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In this final chapter, we look back on the results of the book and the methods we used. In particular, we enter a discussion whether Bayesian philosophy of science can and should be labeled a proper ... More


Unwritten Rome

T.P. Wiseman

in Unwritten Rome

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780859898225
eISBN:
9781781385500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859898225.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This introductory chapter traces the use of writing at Rome, and demonstrates that what little documentary evidence there was in early Rome – archaic inscriptions, the Twelve Tables law code, etc – ... More


Between History and Nature: Herder’s Human Being and the Naturalization of Reason

Anik Waldow

in Herder: Philosophy and Anthropology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198779650
eISBN:
9780191824708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779650.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay argues that Herder’s conception of history as a form of natural growth is grounded in his claim that humans are a part of nature and develop historically situated forms of reason in ... More


General Conclusion

Jody Azzouni

in Ontology Without Borders

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190622558
eISBN:
9780190622589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190622558.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some general remarks are given about methods of argument in metaphysics. The importance of indispensability arguments, and the importance of the fact that such arguments don’t succeed, is reiterated. ... More


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