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The Empirical Study of Justice

Jon Elster

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Jon Elster surveys and classifies a wide range of literature that informs the study of justice. He positions Michael Walzer's theory of justice in relation to the three main categories into which he ... More


Toward a Reasonable Nativism *

Tom Simpson

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sketches the outlines of what a reasonable form of nativism might look like. The neuroconstructivists' challenge indicates that some misunderstanding continues to exist among certain ... More


Democracy and Elections

Richard S. Katz

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195044294
eISBN:
9780199854752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195044294.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book addresses the relationship between the different and often incompatible values of democratic theory and the electoral institutions used to achieve them. By analysing electoral systems ... More


The Death Penalty After the Restoration of Centralized Review: An Empirical Study of Capital Sentencing

Moulin Xiong

in The Death Penalty In China: Policy, Practice, and Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170079
eISBN:
9780231540810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170079.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Based on data collected from eight courts in five provinces, this chapter shows that China’s use of the death penalty was mainly limited to violent crimes and drug offenses in practice. In addition, ... More


Political Voice through Organized Interest Activity

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter maps the terrain of political activity by organizations using systematic empirical data to reveal something about the political voice emerging from organized involvement in various ... More


Introduction: Institutional Change, Capitalist Development

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

Since institutions of a political economy cannot be taken into consideration individually, institutional change should be looked at not as an individual subject but as a part of a social formation. ... More


Advancing the comparative study of linguistic and musical syntactic processing

Aniruddh D. Patel

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a response to the commentaries in Chapters 23–25. It discusses the importance of specifying cognitive mechanisms, the importance of advanced neuroimaging techniques, and the ... More


Observed Patterns of Global Biodiversity

Boris Worm and Derek P. Tittensor

in A Theory of Global Biodiversity (MPB-60)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691154831
eISBN:
9781400890231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154831.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes and synthesizes known biodiversity patterns, and analyzes them for congruency over space and time. The discussion is limited to macroecological patterns at continental to ... More


What Does Happiness Research Tell Us About Taxation?

David A. Weisbach

in Law and Happiness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226676005
eISBN:
9780226676029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226676029.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter analyses the consequences of happiness research for taxation. It focuses on the finding that happiness depends on status as well as income, examining how adding status concerns to ... More


What is the Fear of Crime? A Rhetorical Question with No One Clear Answer

Stephen Farrall, Jonathan Jackson, and Emily Gray

in Social Order and the Fear of Crime in Contemporary Times

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199540815
eISBN:
9780191701191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540815.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents arguments — supported by empirical data — which underpin a number of claims in this chapter. These revolve around the design and interpretation of survey questions, the ... More


The Seven Ages of Working Memory

Robert H. Logie

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes each of the seven “ages” or instantiations of working memory, which include the views of working memory as contemplation, as process, and as constraint of language ... More


Rational Expectations Are Endogenous to and Abide by “the” Model

Eric Barthalon

in Uncertainty, Expectations, and Financial Instability: Reviving Allais's Lost Theory of Psychological Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166287
eISBN:
9780231538305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166287.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the main assumptions of the rational expectations hypothesis (REH). REH is a pillar of the neo-Walrasian approach to general equilibrium, a mathematically demanding theory ... More


Joint Testing of the HRL Formulation of the Demand for Money and of the Fundamental Equation of Monetary Dynamics

Eric Barthalon

in Uncertainty, Expectations, and Financial Instability: Reviving Allais's Lost Theory of Psychological Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166287
eISBN:
9780231538305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166287.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter focuses on the simultaneous testing of the compatibility of both the HRL formulation of the demand for money and the fundamental equation of monetary dynamics (FEMD) with empirical data. ... More


The HRL Formulation and Nominal Interest Rates

Eric Barthalon

in Uncertainty, Expectations, and Financial Instability: Reviving Allais's Lost Theory of Psychological Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166287
eISBN:
9780231538305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166287.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter extends the field of application of the theory of psychological time and memory decay to nominal interest rates by looking at their correlation with the perceived rate of nominal growth ... More


Ecology, Morality, and the Challenges of the Twenty-First Century: The Earth in the Hands of the Sons of Noah

H. Tristram Engelhardt

in Toward an Ecology of Transfiguration: Orthodox Christian Perspectives on Environment, Nature, and Creation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251445
eISBN:
9780823252909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251445.003.0024
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

With regard to the environment, and more generally with respect to developing environmental policy, there is uncertainty about all the empirical data that can be invoked to change and frame policy. ... More


Empirical Data on Immigration

Ediberto Román and Michael A. Olivas

in Those Damned Immigrants: America's Hysteria over Undocumented Immigration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776575
eISBN:
9780814776582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776575.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter presents empirical data to address the range of allegations against undocumented immigrants; for example, they drain the national economy. The data come from various sources, including ... More


Confirmation and Induction

Mikaël Cozic

in The Philosophy of Science: A Companion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190690649
eISBN:
9780190690670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190690649.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

How are scientific hypotheses and theories assessed against empirical data? Philosophers of science have tried to find out whether there are general principles underlying this activity. This chapter ... More


To Register or Not to Register? Legal Identity, Birth Registration, and Inclusive Development

Caroline Vandenabeele

in Children Without a State: A Global Human Rights Challenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015271
eISBN:
9780262295437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015271.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter takes an empirical and pragmatic view of legal identity, birth registration, and inclusive development questions. Intensive research and experiences in Nepal, Bangladesh, and Cambodia ... More


An Overview of the Data

Kirsten Gengel

in Pseudogapping and Ellipsis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199665303
eISBN:
9780191748561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665303.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces the empirical data which form the basis for the discussion throughout the book. The examples provided mainly illustrate elliptical structures occurring in the lower part of ... More


Patterns, Real and Imagined: Observation and Theory

Michael R. Powers

in Acts of God and Man: Ruminations on Risk and Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153676
eISBN:
9780231527057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153676.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses the fundamental problems of separating signals from noise in modeling risk-related phenomena. It gives particular attention to the Titius-Bode law (TBL) of exponentially ... More


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