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The Scientific Image

Bas. C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book presents an empiricist alternative (‘constructive empiricism’) to both logical positivism and scientific realism. Against the former, it insists on a literal understanding of the language ... More


Mathematical Fictionalism and Constructive Empiricism

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The fictionalist account of the role of mathematical hypotheses in our scientific theories presented in Chapter 7 suggests that we should not view our scientific theories as true, taken literally, ... More


From Situationism to Virtue Theory

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter turns from social psychology to philosophical psychology, arguing that the positive account of personality suggested by situationism is one that virtue theory can naturally embrace, ... More


The Epistemology of Constructive Empiricism

James Ladyman

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter questions what epistemic reason van Fraassen has for focusing on empirical adequacy. It contrasts van Fraassen's constructive empiricism with a pragmatic empiricism, where one gives ... More


Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines and criticizes the main arguments offered for scientific realism, here identified as the following view: Science aims to give us, in its theories, a literally true story of what ... More


 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

Noretta Koertge

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the attempts of sociologists of science such as Parsons and Merton, and philosophers of science such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Popper, to characterize the norms that guide the ... More


Introduction

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The opposition between empiricism and realism with respect to science is old: it appeared clearly in the seventeenth century sense of superiority of the ‘mechanical philosophy’ to Scholastic ... More


The Goal of Philosophy

Frederick F. Schmitt

in Hume’s Epistemology in the Treatise: A Veritistic Interpretation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199683116
eISBN:
9780191771378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683116.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

For Hume philosophy is a goal-directed activity. What, then, is its goal? The evidence from the Introduction to the Treatise and the Conclusions of Books 1 and 3 is that true belief is the chief ... More


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