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Sorting Out Ethics

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is divided into three parts: in Part I, R. M. Hare offers a justification for the use of philosophy of language in the treatment of moral questions, together with an overview of his moral ... More


Natural Goodness

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philippa Foot sets out a naturalistic theory of ethics, which she calls ‘natural normativity’ and which is radically opposed to the subjectivist, non‐naturalism tradition deriving from David Hume and ... More


Companionship and Community

Peter Dula

in Cavell, Companionship, and Christian Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395037
eISBN:
9780199894451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395037.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter compares Stanley Cavell's moral philosophy to Alasdair MacIntyre's influential variety of communitarianism. It argues that Cavell shares with MacIntyre a vigorous critique of mid‐century ... More


Gibbard's Theory of Norms

Paul Horwich

in From a Deflationary Point of View

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251261
eISBN:
9780191602252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251266.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay reviews the book ‘Wise Choices, Apt Feelings: A Theory of Normative Judgement’ by Allan Gibbard. Gibbard presents an emotivist’s perspective on rationality. He argues that rationality is ... More


Approval and Disapproval *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Emotivists and prescriptivists try to explain the meaning of sentences expressing moral judgements in terms of the expression of attitudes, feelings, or resolutions as these could occur in a single ... More


Goodness

Colin McGinn

in Ethics, Evil, and Fiction

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238775
eISBN:
9780191598005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238770.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter is an extensive critique of the thesis of moral psychologism. Appealing to the Naturalistic Fallacy, McGinn argues that moral psychologism, as instanced in emotivism, the dispositional ... More


Moral Arguments *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare, Stevenson, and others have asserted that moral arguments ‘may always break down’ in a way in which other arguments do not. This is because moral arguments must end with the assertion of a moral ... More


Relativistic Ethics: Morality as Politics

Gilbert Harman

in Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A ‘naive view’ of morality says it is based on certain moral demands that everyone accepts, or at least has reasons to accept as demands on everyone, and on which all moral reasons depend. The naive ... More


Emotivism

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The thesis of Emotivism, a species of non‐descriptivism, is that there is more to the meaning of moral statements than syntax and truth conditions; in particular, moral statements have an expressive, ... More


A Fresh Start?

Philippa Foot

in Natural Goodness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot criticizes G. E. Moore's anti‐naturalism and the subjectivist or non‐cognitivist theories influenced by Moore, such as emotivism, prescriptivism, and expressivism. Foot traces the roots of ... More


Does Moral Subjectivism Rest on a Mistake ?

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot examines the moral theory known as ‘non‐cognitivism’ (a form of subjectivism). Her central thesis is that all non‐cognitivist moral theories are based on the same serious mistake. This mistake ... More


Simple Emotivism

Peter Kivy

in De Gustibus: Arguing About Taste and Why We Do It

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198746782
eISBN:
9780191809064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746782.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Bringing the subject into the twentieth century, in Chapter 4 the ethical view, propounded originally by the logical positivists, known as “ethical emotivism,” is examined. It is the view that to say ... More


Immortality: Hope or Hindrance?

Eugene Fontinell

in Self, God and Immortality: A Jamesian Investigation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823220700
eISBN:
9780823284863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823220700.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter talks about how, among the wider American population, the majority that claim to believe in immortality seem to consider that belief peripheral to faith and life. Whereas within the ... More


The State of Penal Ideology and Penal Affairs

Andrew Skotnicki

in Conversion and the Rehabilitation of the Penal System: A Theological Rereading of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190880835
eISBN:
9780190880866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880835.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the two metaethical errors upon which the current system of criminal justice is based: the lack of a life-affirming moral ontology and dualism. The chapter reveals that all ... More


Social Movements, Politics, and Religion in a Postliberal Era

Richard Harvey Brown

in Culture, Capitalism, and Democracy in the New America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100259
eISBN:
9780300127874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100259.003.0004
Subject:
History, Economic History

The differentiation of the state, market, and private spheres in Western societies has given rise to social movements as a legitimate form of political action. In the United States, grassroots social ... More


To Speak, To Say Nothing, To Mean to Say

Sandra Laugier and Daniela Ginsburg

in Why We Need Ordinary Language Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226470542
eISBN:
9780226037554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226037554.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter is concerned with the commonalities between Austin and Wittgenstein. Both philosophers subscribe to a form of realism that one hardly dares call realism, since it is precisely what is ... More


The Fact/Value Dichotomy and Its Critics

Hilary Putnam

in Stanley Cavell and the Education of Grownups

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823234738
eISBN:
9780823240753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234738.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Part I, entitled “Entries in the Education of Grownups,” begins with Hilary Putnam's exploration of the persistence of the fact/value distinction, a question about which many who think themselves ... More


Common Sentiment

Bosko Tripkovic

in The Metaethics of Constitutional Adjudication

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198808084
eISBN:
9780191845833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808084.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The chapter analyses the metaethical foundations of the argument from common sentiment. This argument holds that moral emotions of the people in a community indicate the solution to moral problems. ... More


Improving Sensibilities

Allan Gibbard

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter explores the seeming differences between the author’s views in Meaning and Normativity and Blackburn’s views. Blackburn tries to explain moral judgments as configurations of sentiments, ... More


Do so as Well

Peter Kivy

in De Gustibus: Arguing About Taste and Why We Do It

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198746782
eISBN:
9780191809064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746782.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

In Chapter 5 a more sophisticated version of ethical emotivism is examined, that of Charles Stevenson. Stevenson was insistent on the imperative force of ethical expressions of the emotions, or, what ... More


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