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Materialism, Minimal Emergentism, and the Hard Problem of Consciousness

Terry Horgan

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter formulates and motivates the current favored articulation of the metaphysical doctrine of materialism. It describes an alternative metaphysical position called minimal emergentism, which ... More


Explanation, Emergence, and Causality: Comments on Crane

Michele Di Francesco

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Tim Crane's ‘Cosmic Hermeneutics vs. Emergence: The Challenge of the Explanatory Gap’ claims that non‐reductive physicalism must either close the explanatory gap, addressing the challenge famously ... More


The Self as an Emergent Substance

E. J. Lowe

in Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217144
eISBN:
9780191712418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains why traditional arguments in favour of substance dualism are avoided in this book. In their place a new argument is presented which, however, supports only a non-Cartesian ... More


Emergence

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between emergentist and epiphenomenalist strands in early Cārvāka theory, and demonstrates that Cārvāka emergentists are committed to supervenience. Emergentism seeks ... More


Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Jaegwon Kim

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of 14 essays; 11 of these have been previously published and three are new. All but one of them have been written since 1993 when my essay collection Supervenience and Mind ... More


Making Sense of Emergence

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Making Sense of Emergence” is a survey‐analysis‐critique of the concept of emergence and the doctrines associated with emergentism, focusing on the works of British emergentists, Samuel Alexander, ... More


The Layered World: Metaphysical Considerations

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“The Layered World: Metaphysical Considerations” examines the idea, often presupposed in philosophical discussions but seldom explicitly stated, that the objects and phenomena of the world are ... More


Emergence: Core Ideas and Issues

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Emergence: Core Ideas and Issues” explores the fundamental ideas that have been driving the idea of emergence and the movement of emergentism. Two conditions are generally, though not universally, ... More


Distinctions in Distinction *

Daniel Stoljar

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a putative puzzle between non-reductive physicalism according to which psychological properties are distinct from, yet metaphysically necessitated by, physical properties, ... More


Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World

Gerald Vision

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015844
eISBN:
9780262298599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015844.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The presence of sentience in a basically material reality is among the mysteries of existence. Many philosophers of mind argue that conscious states and properties are nothing beyond the matter that ... More


Consciousness and Cosmology: Hyperdualism Ventilated

Colin McGinn

in Consciousness and its Objects

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267606
eISBN:
9780191601798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926760X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter takes the form of a dialogue between two world-views: a standard view, which sees consciousness evolving in a purely material universe, and an alternative, which regards the brain as a ... More


Metaphysical Emergence

Jessica M. Wilson

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198823742
eISBN:
9780191862526
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823742.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The special sciences and ordinary experience present us with a world of macro-entities trees, birds, lakes, mountains, humans, houses, and sculptures, to name a few which materially depend on ... More


Without Hierarchy: The Scale Freedom of the Universe

Mariam Thalos

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917648
eISBN:
9780199980345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917648.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A venerable tradition in the metaphysics of science commends ontological reduction: the practice of analysis of theoretical entities into further and further proper parts, with the understanding that ... More


Two schemas for metaphysical emergence

Jessica M. Wilson

in Metaphysical Emergence

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198823742
eISBN:
9780191862526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823742.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Wilson presents the problem of higher-level causation (Kim 1989, 1993, 1998), according to which metaphysical emergence gives rise to problematic causal overdetermination. She argues that there are ... More


Epilogue

Gerald Vision

in Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015844
eISBN:
9780262298599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015844.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The first part of this book explained the relevant emergentism for conscious properties and a prima facie case for its plausibility. The shortcomings of supervenience and realization were explored, ... More


Against the Philosophy of a One-Scale Universe

Mariam Thalos

in Without Hierarchy: The Scale Freedom of the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917648
eISBN:
9780199980345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917648.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The universe is scale free. Similarly, we should subscribe to a theory of science that is hierarchy-free. This view is not a brand of emergentism. This chapter is devoted to articulating the problems ... More


The Rise and Fall of British Emergentism

Brian P. McLaughlin

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the special sciences found in the texts of a tradition known as “British Emergentism,” which is still evident in the works of current authors, including those of noted ... More


Reductionism and the Irreducibility of Consciousness

John Searle

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores a number of issues surrounding the term “supervenience” as related to “emergentism,” and discusses topics such as emergent properties, reductionism, why consciousness is an ... More


Making Sense of Emergence Jaegwon Kim

Jaegwon Kim

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the core thought of the idea of emergentism, that as systems acquire increasingly higher degrees of organizational complexity, they begin to exhibit novel properties which in ... More


Natural Reality

Lynne Rudder Baker

in Naturalism and the First-Person Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199914722
eISBN:
9780199347483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914722.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 10 sets out a seriously nonreductive alternative to scientific naturalism: near-naturalism. Near-naturalism includes an account of ontological levels in terms of constitution of ... More


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