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Framing Social Services as Complex Systems

Michael Wolf-Branigin

in Using Complexity Theory for Research and Program Evaluation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199829460
eISBN:
9780199315895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829460.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter applies the components of complex systems to social work settings. Grasping these components early provides an essential link for properly identifying variables and related data sources ... More


Experts, Narratives, and the Public

Michael Barkun

in Chasing Phantoms: Reality, Imagination, and Homeland Security Since 9/11

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834701
eISBN:
9781469603230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877692_barkun.12
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the role stories play in situations of danger, and the way they function for both potential victims and outside experts. It also looks at the role of narrative more generally ... More


Sociology

Robert G. Hagstrom

in Investing: The Last Liberal Art, Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160100
eISBN:
9780231531016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160100.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines why markets and economies behave as they do from a sociological perspective. Sociology is the study of how people function in society, with the ultimate hope of understanding ... More


Harlow's Bridge to Rational Behaviors

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Harry F. Harlow, a comparative psychologist, is well known with his discovery of the learning-set phenomena. The learning set or learning how to learn was of crucial importance to the animal research ... More


Iterated Growth

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This chapter shows how complex shapes and forms encountered in the natural world result from a growth process driven by the repeated action of simple “rules.” To examine this general idea, the ... More


The computational role of conscious processing in a model of semantic memory

R. LAURO-GROTTO, S. REICH, and M.A. VIRASORO

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins by introducing semantic memory as an attractor neural network (ANN). This neural network ‘learns’ and ‘retrieves’ using essentially the Hebbian mechanism, and stores pieces of ... More


Linkages of Sustainability: An Introduction

Thomas E. Graedel and Ester van der Voet

in Linkages of Sustainability

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013581
eISBN:
9780262258845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013581.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the linkages among the needs for and limits of sustainability. It begins by identifying the components of sustainability and then presents examples of some of its challenges. ... More


Uncertainty in Macroeconomic Modelling

Andrew G. Haldane

in Uncertain Futures: Imaginaries, Narratives, and Calculation in the Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198820802
eISBN:
9780191860430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820802.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter explores how we might deal with the prevalence of disequilibria and radical uncertainty in complex economic systems, and examines the potential of agent-based models as a tool for ... More


The Rules of the Flock: Self-Organization and Swarm Structure in Animal Societies

Helmut Satz

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198853398
eISBN:
9780191888052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853398.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Flocks of birds, schools of fish and swarms of locusts display amazing forms of collective motion, while huge numbers of glow worms can emit light signals with almost unbelievable synchronization. ... More


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