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Physical Realization

Sydney Shoemaker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses the question of how mental properties and other properties not thought of as physical can be instantiated in a world of which physicalism is true. In such a world, the ... More


Philosophical Issues in the Levels‐of‐Selection Debate

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter aims to resolve several outstanding philosophical debates over the levels of selection. A number of suggested criteria in the literature for determining the ‘real’ level(s) of selection ... More


South Africa: The Role of Peace and Conflict‐Resolution Organizations in the Struggle Against Apartheid

Rupert Taylor

in Mobilizing for Peace: Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125924
eISBN:
9780199833894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125924.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Participation in civil society was one of the few options for the pursuit of peaceful progressive change in apartheid South Africa, and a range of peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) ... More


Emergent Causation and Property Causation

Paul Noordhof

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The chapter defends the application, and verdicts of a counterfactual theory of causation, to the question of property causation. In particular, the challenges that non‐reductive physicalism and ... More


The Evaluation of Peacebuilding Initiatives: Putting Learning into Practice

Hal Culbertson

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An appropriate evaluation of peacebuilding initiatives is a pressing concern for improving and legitimizing peacebuilding efforts. Culbertson provides a helpful comparison of accountability-based and ... More


Functional Properties, Emergent Properties, and Phony Properties

Sydney Shoemaker

in Physical Realization

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that functional properties are not the only properties that can be realized by other properties, and are not a distinct ontological category of properties. The ‘mixed view’ that ... More


Perelandra: Paradise Reframed: Keeping Time on Planet Venus

Sanford Schwartz

in C. S. Lewis on the Final Frontier: Science and the Supernatural in the Space Trilogy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374728
eISBN:
9780199871506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374728.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on Perelandra, the second volume of the Space Trilogy. Once again Lewis’s target is the modern evolutionary or “developmental” paradigm, but in this novel the emphasis shifts ... More


Emergent Worlds: Alternative States in Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Edward Sugden

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781479899692
eISBN:
9781479843435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479899692.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Emergent Worlds reframes the modernity of nineteenth-century America by displacing three central critical narratives about the era: the westward spread of imperialism, the redemptionist story of ... More


Connectionist Models of Development: Mechanistic Dynamical Models with Emergent Dynamical Properties

James L. McClelland and Gautam Vallabha

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter attempts to underscore the common ground between connectionist and dynamical systems approaches. Central to both approaches is the emergent nature of system-level behavior and changes to ... More


Any politic body: The polemics of conversion in the 1620s

Kathleen Lynch

in Protestant Autobiography in the Seventeenth-Century Anglophone World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199643936
eISBN:
9780191738876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643936.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter examines the contests between Protestants and Catholics over the filial claims to Saint Augustine’s religious authority, as they played out in the competing translations of the ... More


Icons basilicae: Civil war and religious identity

Kathleen Lynch

in Protestant Autobiography in the Seventeenth-Century Anglophone World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199643936
eISBN:
9780191738876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643936.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter examines the contests between Protestants and Catholics over the filial claims to Saint Augustine’s religious authority, as they played out in the competing translations of the ... More


The spectrum of belief and the question of the church

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

in The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695270
eISBN:
9780191731945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

The foregoing chapters present a comprehensive case for what the authors call “Christian minimalism,” a position that affirms certain core claims of Christian theism (sometimes in a revised form) but ... More


The call to create: Flow experience in music learning and teaching

Lori A. Custodero

in Musical Imaginations: Multidisciplinary perspectives on creativity, performance and perception

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568086
eISBN:
9780191731044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568086.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the role of creativity in learning and teaching through research on how flow is experienced in music activity. Engagement in tasks whose challenges invite a person's best ... More


The Loosening Grip of the State and the Redistribution of Authority Within the European Union: A New Set of Parameters to Structure Modes of Urban Governance

Patrick Le Galès

in European Cities: Social Conflicts and Governance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243570
eISBN:
9780191697265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243570.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

By the end of the Middle Ages, cities in Europe had become collective actors. There were two central variables favouring cities: a particular type of trade capitalism and a political situation in ... More


What Neural Network Models Can and Cannot Explain about Cognition

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

What are neural network models, what kind of cognitive processes can they perform, and what do they teach us about representations and consciousness? First, this chapter explains the functioning of ... More


Governing Complex Systems: Social Capital for the Anthropocene

Oran R. Young

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035934
eISBN:
9780262338899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035934.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Governing for sustainability in a world of complex systems will require new social capital in the form of innovative steering mechanisms that differ in important respects from those familiar to us ... More


Women of the Storm: Civic Activism after Hurricane Katrina

Emmanuel David

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041266
eISBN:
9780252099861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041266.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Women of the Storm: Civic Activism after Hurrican Katrina provides a sociohistorical account of the emergence of Women of the Storm in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. After presenting a detailed ... More


On the Nature of Emergent Reality

George F. R. Ellis

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter outlines a view of emergent reality in which it is clear that non-physical quantities such as information and goals can have physical effect in the world of particles and forces. It ... More


Emergence: The Hole at the Wheel’s Hub 1

Terrence W. Deacon

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter defines three subcategories of emergent phenomena that can be arranged into a hierarchy of increasing topological complexity. Third-order emergent processes (teleodynamics) require ... More


Strong and Weak Emergence

David J. Chalmers

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

A high-level phenomenon is strongly emergent with respect to a low-level domain when the high-level phenomenon arises from the low-level domain, but truths concerning that phenomenon are not ... More


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