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A Fair Deal or a Raw Deal?

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the first New Deal and access to Federal Emergency Relief, as well as the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Public Works Administration, and the Civil Works Administration. ... More


In the Shadow of the New Deal

Elisabeth S. Clemens

in Civic Gifts: Voluntarism and the Making of the American Nation-State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226559360
eISBN:
9780226670973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226670973.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The Great Depression brought unemployment and misery on a scale that overwhelmed the capacity of voluntary as well as municipal resources for emergency relief. Government relief efforts were ... More


Food Aid During Civil War: Conflicting Conclusions Derived from Alternative Approaches

Frances Stewart and Emma Samman

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food aid was initially intended as an instrument of development aid. In recent years, however, it has increasingly been used as part of emergency relief, with many of these emergencies originating ... More


In Search of Durable Solutions

Claudena M. Skran

in Refugees in Inter-War Europe: The Emergence of a Regime

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273929
eISBN:
9780191684081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273929.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter scrutinizes the role of the international refugee regime on the provision of durable solutions for refugee problem worldwide. A durable solution is in stark contrast with emergency ... More


The Social and Political Effects of Air Raids on the German People: A Preliminary Survey: (June 9, 1944)

Franz Neumann

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the social and political effects of air raids on German morale during World War II. The strategic aerial bombing of Nazi Germany had increased to such an extent during the last ... More


The Struggle for a Public Sector: Pepfar in Mozambique

James Pfeiffer

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has significantly transformed the global health landscape by injecting $15 billion into HIV/AIDS care and treatment programs in twenty ... More


Faith in the Machine?: Humanitarianism in an Age of Bureaucratization

Michael Barnett

in Sacred Aid: Faith and Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916023
eISBN:
9780199950447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916023.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the relationship between the profane and the sacred and views it in the context of a rationalizing and increasingly pragmatic humanitarianism. It notes the changes that have ... More


The New Deal

Price Fishback

in Government & The American Economy: A New History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226251271
eISBN:
9780226251295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Great Depression encouraged drastic changes in the landscape of government and the economy in the United States. Citing a peacetime emergency, the administration under President Franklin D. ... More


Aftermath: The Ordeal of Restoration and Recovery

J. Charles Schencking

in The Great Kant? Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162180
eISBN:
9780231535069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162180.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter recalls the steps taken by the Japanese government to bring back order to Tokyo right after the Great Kantō Earthquake. Aware that the unprecedented disaster required an equally ... More


Old Slaves, New Deal: Communists and the WPA

Robin D. G. Kelley

in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625485
eISBN:
9781469625508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the federal government's relief agency, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in Alabama. Launched in 1935 to provide emergency work relief through public works, the WPA in ... More


. Life and Times at Dyess

Fred C. Smith

in Trouble in Goshen: Plain Folk, Roosevelt, Jesus, and Marx in the Great Depression South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781617039560
eISBN:
9781626740099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617039560.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Colonists set about to demonstrate middle-class attributes; they did. In Chapter IV, Life and Times at Dyess, the details of community building and civic pride, are paired with the struggle of ... More


A Political Deal or Divine Providence?

Alison Collis Greene

in No Depression in Heaven: Religion and the Great Depression in the Mississippi Delta

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199371877
eISBN:
9780199371907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199371877.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 4 opens with the inauguration of Franklin Roosevelt. Despite Roosevelt’s campaign vow to end Prohibition, white southern Protestants, Catholics, and Jews overwhelmingly supported his ... More


Asks for Nothing Except to Serve

David L. Roll

in The Hopkins Touch: Harry Hopkins and the Forging of the Alliance to Defeat Hitler

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199891955
eISBN:
9780190254544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199891955.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on Harry Hopkins's road to Washington as the most powerful man under Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration. It first considers Hopkins's tenure as executive director of the ... More


What We Have, We Share: Solidarity Undergirds Rescue and Relief

Beverly Bell

in Fault Lines: Views across Haiti's Divide

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452123
eISBN:
9780801468322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452123.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes how solidarity reinforced search-and-rescue operations as well as emergency relief activities during and after the Haitian earthquake. It shows how Haitians engaged in every ... More


Meeting the Needs: The Struggle for Economic and Social Justice

Leonard Rogoff

in Gertrude Weil: Jewish Progressive in the New South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630793
eISBN:
9781469630816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630793.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Although battling cancer, family deaths, and the financial crises of the Depression, Weil continued her fight to establish a welfare state. Her platforms included the Goldsboro Bureau for Social ... More


“A System Steadily Perfected”: Camp Reform and the “New Geniuses from India,” 1901–1903

Aidan Forth

in Barbed-Wire Imperialism: Britain's Empire of Camps, 1876-1903

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293960
eISBN:
9780520967267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293960.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In an effort to reduce mortality rates from epidemic disease, the British government engaged in a campaign to reform the Anglo-Boer War concentration camps. Officials like Alfred Milner and Joseph ... More


You Can’t Eat Okra with One Finger: Community-Run Humanitarian Aid

Beverly Bell

in Fault Lines: Views across Haiti's Divide

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452123
eISBN:
9780801468322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452123.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the humanitarian aid made possible by Haiti's various community groups in the wake of the earthquake. It begins with an overview of the emergency relief efforts initiated by ... More


Natural Disaster Prevention and Response

Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser and Ban Ki-Moon

Shara Kay (ed.)

in A Year at the Helm of the United Nations General Assembly: A Vision for our Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479862009
eISBN:
9781479841851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479862009.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses United Nations role in disaster prevention and response. The UN system, through the Emergency Relief Coordinator, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian ... More


Responses to Crisis: Refiguring the Monetary and the Fiscal in the Great Depression

Roy Kreitner

in Money in the Western Legal Tradition: Middle Ages to Bretton Woods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198704744
eISBN:
9780191774041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704744.003.0031
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the measures instituted by the US Government to mitigate the effects of the Great Depression during the 1930s. It outlines three sets of responses: changes introduced into ... More


Modernizing Sexuality: U.S. HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa

Anne Esacove

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199933617
eISBN:
9780190610814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933617.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Stepping outside of the normal boundaries of HIV scholarship, Modernizing Sexuality shows how Western idealizations of normative sexuality and the power of modernity come together in U.S. prevention ... More


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