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Japan’s Megadisaster Challenges: Crisis Management in the Modern Era

William J. Siembieda and Haruo Hayashi

in Japan: The Precarious Future

Published in print:
1953
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479889389
eISBN:
9781479830893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479889389.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

For many decades Japan has invested in natural science and engineering to prepare for all types of disasters. Based on the disaster experiences of the Kobe and the Great East Japan Earthquakes, it is ... More


Emergency Operations Centers and Incident Management Structure

Jeffrey L. Bryant, Daniel M. Sosin, Tim W. Wiedrich, and Stephen C. Redd

in The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Domestically and internationally, Emergency Operation Centers and Incident Management Systems provide a structure and framework to coordinate preparedness and response activities. This chapter ... More


Containing the spectacle: disaster management

Charlotte Heath-Kelly

in Death and Security: Memory and Mortality at the Bombsite

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781784993139
eISBN:
9781526120991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993139.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

Interpreting security as the effacement of mortality enables us to dramatically broaden the scope of research to include non-anticipatory temporalities of security. In this chapter, present-tense ... More


Constructing the Tabula Rasa: Framing and the Political Construction of Crisis

Kevin Fox Gotham and Miriam Greenberg

in Crisis Cities: Disaster and Redevelopment in New York and New Orleans

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199752225
eISBN:
9780199371983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199752225.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies, Science, Technology and Environment

Chapter 3 focuses on the period immediately following 9/11 and Katrina: the phase of recovery led by the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA). It identifies the framing strategies used ... More


From Trouble to Trauma: The Need for Public–Private Health Partnerships

Laurence Barton

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.05
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the importance of public—private partnerships in the area of public health. Topics covered include corporate planning for medical emergencies, the lessons learned by one ... More


Crisis Prevention

Barry Eichengreen

in Financial Crises and What to Do About Them

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257430
eISBN:
9780191698453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257430.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses issues concerning the prevention of financial crises. It explains that both prevention and emergency management play a role in minimizing the impacts of such events. However, ... More


MAD, NUTS, and Civil Defense, 1963–1980

Dee Garrison

in Bracing for Armageddon: Why Civil Defense Never Worked

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183191
eISBN:
9780199788804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183191.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows how after Kennedy's death, the new and greatly underfunded civil defense agency was moved to the Department of Defense, and the government no longer talked of bomb shelters. During ... More


Strategy for Survival

Edward M. Geist

in Armageddon Insurance: Civil Defense in the United States and Soviet Union, 1945-1991

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469645254
eISBN:
9781469645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645254.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the evolution of the superpowers’ civil defense programs from the mid-1970s until the end of the Cold War. In the mid-1970s, the contrast between the USSR’s extensive civil ... More


// Conceptualizing Security

in Under Construction: Making Homeland Security at the Local Level

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226257433
eISBN:
9780226257457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226257457.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the context building aspect of homeland security work. These tasks involve defining hazards, identifying targets and vulnerabilities, meshing homeland security with existing ... More


// Daily Tasks

in Under Construction: Making Homeland Security at the Local Level

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226257433
eISBN:
9780226257457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226257457.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter, which discusses the daily task oriented work in homeland security, addresses the more workaday aspects of practice, the daily tasks that took a large part of the time of frontline ... More


The Taxpayers and the Beach House

Orrin H. Pilkey, Linda Pilkey-Jarvis, and Keith C. Pilkey

in Retreat from a Rising Sea: Hard Choices in an Age of Climate Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231168441
eISBN:
9780231541800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168441.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Federal flood insurance partially pays for destroyed buildings but may be a factor in over-development of beachfront areas. One problem with federal insurance is that nearly a quarter of all payments ... More


How Do Soldiers Do What They Do and What Can We Learn from It?

Neil D. Shortland, Laurence J. Alison, and Joseph M. Moran

in Conflict: How Soldiers Make Impossible Descisions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190623449
eISBN:
9780190623463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190623449.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the psychology of making decisions in a conflict environment. Furthermore, it examines the reality that in many cases, a good decision can often still result in an adverse ... More


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