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Defined Contribution Pension Plans in the Public Sector: A Benchmark Analysis

Roderick B. Crane, Michael Heller, and Paul J. Yakoboski

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter assesses best-practice benchmarks for the design of defined contribution plans in the public sector, where such plans are the primary, or core, employment-based retirement benefit. These ... More


Candidacy

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Candidacy tells us who is eligible to present himself/herself in the candidate selection process of a single political party at a particular point in time. The restrictions and requirements applied ... More


‘The Truest Form of Patriotism’: Pacifist Feminism in Britain, 1870–1902

Heloise Brown

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065309
eISBN:
9781781700457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065309.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book explores the pervasive influence of pacifism on Victorian feminism. It provides an account of Victorian women who campaigned for peace, and of the many feminists who incorporated pacifist ... More


The Legacy of Welfare Reform for U.S. Immigrants

Michael Fix and Wendy Zimmermann

in International Migration: Prospects and Policies in a Global Market

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269006
eISBN:
9780191601309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269009.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The 1996 welfare reform law marked a sharp exclusionary turn in US immigrant policy by imposing new and unprecedented bans on the receipt of public benefits by legal immigrants. Although in the years ... More


Formulating a Topic and Developing a Protocol

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

in Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter considers issues in formulating a research question and developing a protocol for a systematic review. The protocol is a written plan, which specifies the objectives of the review, study ... More


Getting Started

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195131215
eISBN:
9780199863808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter describes some of the first steps agencies take when starting to implement IPS. All clients who have interest in competitive employment are typically referred to IPS. The agency ... More


Rules of the Game

William Cross and André Blais

in Politics at the Centre: The Selection and Removal of Party Leaders in the Anglo Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199596720
eISBN:
9780191740688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596720.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It has long been established that the rules governing general elections can significantly influence outcomes. This chapter argues that the same is true for party leadership contests. In addition to ... More


Disabled people, work and welfare: Is employment really the answer?

Chris Grover and Linda Piggott (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447318323
eISBN:
9781447318347
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447318323.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This book focuses on policies, primarily in the United Kingdom, which are designed to facilitate the participation of disabled people in wage work. The book takes a critical approach to these ... More


System for Electing the Chief Executive

Simon N. M. Young and Richard Cullen

in Electing Hong Kong's Chief Executive

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028399
eISBN:
9789882206908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028399.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter provides a detailed discussion of the legal and operational dimensions of the prevailing system for electing the Chief Executive (CE) in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region ... More


Issues for Further Exploration

Henry S. Richardson

in Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388930
eISBN:
9780199979196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388930.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Although attention to medical researchers’ ancillary-care obligations is increasing, the discussion of these issues is still in its early phases. This chapter outlines some of the crucial empirical ... More


materializing Need: The Regulation of Poverty and the Stigmatization of the Poor

Lynne Haney

in Inventing the Needy: Gender and the Politics of Welfare in Hungary

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520225718
eISBN:
9780520936102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225718.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The maternalist subsystem of welfare crumbled in Hungary and motherhood was dislodged as a central eligibility criterion. With this shift, all needs talk was confined to the material and recipients' ... More


How to Make use of Right to Information

Sudhir Naib

in The Right to Information Act 2005: A Handbook

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067474
eISBN:
9780199081226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067474.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter provides an overview of the RTI Act, 2005 and addresses several questions. These questions pertain to eligibility, the kind of information that is exempted from disclosure, the type of ... More


English Lawyers between Market and State: The Politics of Professionalism

Richard L Abel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260349
eISBN:
9780191682094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260349.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

In the final decade of the twentieth century the legal profession witnessed profound changes. First the Conservatives sought to apply laissez-faire principles to the profession. Then Labour ... More


. Explaining the Postwar Rise of Welfare Opposition

Ellen Reese

in Backlash against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244610
eISBN:
9780520938717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244610.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter explores the role of large farmers and white racists in the 1950s welfare backlash and how their opposition to welfare was shaped by perceived threats to their interests and values. It ... More


Getting By: Economic Rights and Legal Protections for People with Low Income

Helen Hershkoff and Stephen Loffredo

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190080860
eISBN:
9780199364763
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080860.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Over the last generation, inequality has risen, wages have fallen, and confidence that children will have a better future is at an all-time low. To be sure, a new generation is speaking up in support ... More


Transitions for young people with learning disabilities

Gillian MacIntyre

in Managing transitions: Support for individuals at key points of change

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421883
eISBN:
9781447302780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421883.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Young people with learning disabilities can expect to make transitions that involve local education authorities, children's social services, adult social care, and in some cases paediatric and adult ... More


Can More Women Run? Reevaluating Pathways to Office

in More Women Can Run: Gender and Pathways to the State Legislatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199322428
eISBN:
9780199367641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199322428.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter investigates the social eligibility pool explanation for the gender gap in officeholding to determine if women’s pathways into office must resemble men’s pathways in order for women’s ... More


Information for citizenship?

Penny Leonard

in Promoting welfare?: Government information policy and social citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344885
eISBN:
9781447303091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344885.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines information policy, starting with the promotion of claims to benefits. This is followed by a section on the reasons why some claims are being hindered and a discussion on ... More


‘Ending Welfare as we know it’: Welfare Reform in the US

Joel F. Handler

in Administering welfare reform: International transformations in welfare governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346520
eISBN:
9781447301417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346520.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter studies the effects of welfare reform on states, welfare recipients, and welfare delivery organisations. It aims to determine whether the increased flexibility of giving states has ... More


How different countries allocate long-term care resources to older users: a comparative snapshot

John Campbell, Naoki Ikegami, Cristiano Gori, Francesco Barbabella, Rafal Chomik, Francesco d’Amico, Holly Holder, Tomoaki Ishibashi, Lennarth Johansson, Harriet Komisar, Magnus Ring, and Hildegard Theobald

in Long-Term Care Reforms in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447305057
eISBN:
9781447311539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305057.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Urban Geography

This chapter examines public resource allocation among LTC users in Australia, England, Germany, Japan, Italy, Sweden and the U.S. In public Ltc expenditure for older people Sweden is in a league of ... More


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