## Deep Inelastic Scattering

*Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar*

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198506713
- eISBN:
- 9780191709562
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a self-contained account of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in high energy physics. It covers the classic results that lead to the quark-parton model of hadrons and the ... More

## Understanding a Pointless Universe: Steven Weinberg

*Steven Weinberg*

### in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- January 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780195310726
- eISBN:
- 9780199785179
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.0005
- Subject:
- Religion, Religion and Society

Steven Weinberg is a public intellectual and the best-selling author of The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe, Dreams of a Final Theory: The Scientist’s Search for the ... More

## What are things made of?

*A. J. Leggett*

### in The Problems of Physics

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199211241
- eISBN:
- 9780191706837
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the questions why one learns more about the structure of matter at the subatomic level by accelerating particles to high energies, and what it means to say that a new particle ... More

## THE MINIMAL SUPERSYMMETRIC STANDARD MODEL

*John Terning*

### in Modern Supersymmetry: Dynamics and Duality

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198567639
- eISBN:
- 9780191718243
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567639.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), which is the simplest extension of the standard model (SM) incorporating SUSY. The MSSM removes dangerous contributions to the ... More

## Sublime Marvel

*Gian Francesco Giudice*

### in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199581917
- eISBN:
- 9780191723001
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0004
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The modern theory of particle physics, called the Standard Model, describes electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces and all known forms of matter in terms a single conceptual principle. This chapter ... More

## Breaking Symmetries

*Gian Francesco Giudice*

### in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199581917
- eISBN:
- 9780191723001
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Symmetries play a fundamental role in modern physics. This chapter introduces this concept by discussing the meaning of symmetries in mathematics and in physics, explaining the significance of Lie ... More

## DIS at high Q2

*Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar*

### in Deep Inelastic Scattering

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198506713
- eISBN:
- 9780191709562
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter outlines the extensions to the formalism to allow for W and Z exchange at high Q2 in NC and CC processes, and to allow for polarization of the electron or positron beams. The extensions ... More

## Symmetry Breaking In 3He-A And Singular Vortices

*VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.*

### in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199564842
- eISBN:
- 9780191709906
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0015
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The symmetry breaking pattern in A-phase of 3He is similar to that in electroweak phase transition. This chapter discusses the topology of singular topological defects in 3He-A and in analogous ... More

## Anomalous Non-Conservation Of Fermionic Charge

*VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.*

### in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199564842
- eISBN:
- 9780191709906
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0018
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter opens the discussion of physical phenomena in the vacuum with Fermi points. The non-trivial topology in the momentum space leads to anomalies produced by the massless chiral fermions in ... More

## Electroweak unification and foreshadowing of the standard model

*JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON*

### in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198527459
- eISBN:
- 9780191709593
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0012
- Subject:
- Physics, History of Physics

Much has been written about the development of the standard model of particle physics, in particular about the convoluted process which led to the theory of electroweak interactions for which, ... More

## The Standard Model

*Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim*

### in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198508717
- eISBN:
- 9780191708862
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of the Standard Model with detailed treatment of electroweak Lagrangian interactions, the Higgs mechanism, fermion masses and mixing, gauge bosons, and effective ... More

## Lattice gauge theory beyond the Standard Model

*Thomas Appelquist and Ethan T. Neil*

### in Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199691609
- eISBN:
- 9780191731792
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.003.0012
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter gives an overview of methods and recent studies in the application of lattice gauge theory to physics beyond the standard model. It focuses on theories in which electroweak symmetry is ... More

## Broken Symmetry and Physicists' QFT

*Laura Ruetsche*

### in Interpreting Quantum Theories

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199535408
- eISBN:
- 9780191728525
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535408.003.0014
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 12 argued that quantum statistical mechanics puts unitarily inequivalent representations to use in ways no rigid interpretation can make sense of. Two features of working QFTs which promise a ... More

## Particle Physics in the LHC Era

*Giles Barr, Robin Devenish, Roman Walczak, and Tony Weidberg*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- March 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198748557
- eISBN:
- 9780191811203
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book gives a modern introduction to particle physics. The main mathematical tools required for the rest of the book are developed in Chapter 2. A quantitative introduction to accelerator physics ... More

## Quantum 20/20: Fundamentals, Entanglement, Gauge Fields, Condensates and Topology

*Ian R. Kenyon*

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- November 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198808350
- eISBN:
- 9780191846052
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198808350.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This text reviews fundametals and incorporates key themes of quantum physics. One theme contrasts boson condensation and fermion exclusivity. Bose–Einstein condensation is basic to superconductivity, ... More

## Forces of the World Unite!

*Nicholas Mee*

### in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- January 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198831860
- eISBN:
- 9780191869785
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0008
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The structure of matter and the forces that are important in particle physics are now understood in terms of the Standard Model, which is currently being tested at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). ... More

## Electroweak Geometry and Fields

*Daniel Canarutto*

### in Gauge Field Theory in Natural Geometric Language: A revisitation of mathematical notions of quantum physics

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- December 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198861492
- eISBN:
- 9780191894374
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198861492.003.0008
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

A formulation of electroweak field theory which is equivalent to the usual one, but completely dispenses with structure groups, is presented. The notions of Higgs field and symmetry breaking are ... More

## Effective Field Theory with Nambu–Goldstone Modes

*Antonio Pich*

### in Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 108, July 2017

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- August 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198855743
- eISBN:
- 9780191889370
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198855743.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

These lectures provide an introduction to the low-energy dynamics of Nambu–Goldstone fields, which associated with some spontaneous (or dynamical) symmetry breaking, using the powerful methods of ... More

## The Weinberg–Salam model

*Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell*

### in Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- June 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780199699322
- eISBN:
- 9780191779435
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.003.0048
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

A non-abelian gauge theory is at the heart of the electroweak theory due to Weinberg and Salam and this is presented in this chapter. Symmetry breaking of the Higgs field results in the emergence of ... More

## On Gauge Freedom and Interactions

*Daniel Canarutto*

### in Gauge Field Theory in Natural Geometric Language: A revisitation of mathematical notions of quantum physics

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- December 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198861492
- eISBN:
- 9780191894374
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198861492.003.0023
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

The notion of gauge freedom is discussed in the context of the 2-spinor approach to Maxwell-Dirac fields. The various types of boson interaction terms arising in a generic gauge field theory are laid ... More