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Deep Inelastic Scattering

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a self-contained account of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in high energy physics. It covers the classic results that lead to the quark-parton model of hadrons and the ... More


 Understanding a Pointless Universe: Steven Weinberg

Steven Weinberg

in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Steven Weinberg is a public intellectual and the best-selling author of The First Three Minutes: A Modern View of the Origin of the Universe, Dreams of a Final Theory: The Scientist’s Search for the ... More


What are things made of?

A. J. Leggett

in The Problems of Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211241
eISBN:
9780191706837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the questions why one learns more about the structure of matter at the subatomic level by accelerating particles to high energies, and what it means to say that a new particle ... More


THE MINIMAL SUPERSYMMETRIC STANDARD MODEL

John Terning

in Modern Supersymmetry: Dynamics and Duality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567639
eISBN:
9780191718243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567639.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), which is the simplest extension of the standard model (SM) incorporating SUSY. The MSSM removes dangerous contributions to the ... More


Sublime Marvel

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The modern theory of particle physics, called the Standard Model, describes electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces and all known forms of matter in terms a single conceptual principle. This chapter ... More


Breaking Symmetries

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Symmetries play a fundamental role in modern physics. This chapter introduces this concept by discussing the meaning of symmetries in mathematics and in physics, explaining the significance of Lie ... More


DIS at high Q2

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter outlines the extensions to the formalism to allow for W and Z exchange at high Q2 in NC and CC processes, and to allow for polarization of the electron or positron beams. The extensions ... More


Symmetry Breaking In 3He-A And Singular Vortices

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The symmetry breaking pattern in A-phase of 3He is similar to that in electroweak phase transition. This chapter discusses the topology of singular topological defects in 3He-A and in analogous ... More


Anomalous Non-Conservation Of Fermionic Charge

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter opens the discussion of physical phenomena in the vacuum with Fermi points. The non-trivial topology in the momentum space leads to anomalies produced by the massless chiral fermions in ... More


Electroweak unification and foreshadowing of the standard model

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Much has been written about the development of the standard model of particle physics, in particular about the convoluted process which led to the theory of electroweak interactions for which, ... More


The Standard Model

Carlo Giunti and Chung W. Kim

in Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508717
eISBN:
9780191708862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508717.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the physics of the Standard Model with detailed treatment of electroweak Lagrangian interactions, the Higgs mechanism, fermion masses and mixing, gauge bosons, and effective ... More


Lattice gauge theory beyond the Standard Model

Thomas Appelquist and Ethan T. Neil

in Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter gives an overview of methods and recent studies in the application of lattice gauge theory to physics beyond the standard model. It focuses on theories in which electroweak symmetry is ... More


Broken Symmetry and Physicists' QFT

Laura Ruetsche

in Interpreting Quantum Theories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199535408
eISBN:
9780191728525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535408.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 12 argued that quantum statistical mechanics puts unitarily inequivalent representations to use in ways no rigid interpretation can make sense of. Two features of working QFTs which promise a ... More


Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Giles Barr, Robin Devenish, Roman Walczak, and Tony Weidberg

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198748557
eISBN:
9780191811203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book gives a modern introduction to particle physics. The main mathematical tools required for the rest of the book are developed in Chapter 2. A quantitative introduction to accelerator physics ... More


Quantum 20/20: Fundamentals, Entanglement, Gauge Fields, Condensates and Topology

Ian R. Kenyon

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198808350
eISBN:
9780191846052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808350.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This text reviews fundametals and incorporates key themes of quantum physics. One theme contrasts boson condensation and fermion exclusivity. Bose–Einstein condensation is basic to superconductivity, ... More


Forces of the World Unite!

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The structure of matter and the forces that are important in particle physics are now understood in terms of the Standard Model, which is currently being tested at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). ... More


Electroweak Geometry and Fields

Daniel Canarutto

in Gauge Field Theory in Natural Geometric Language: A revisitation of mathematical notions of quantum physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198861492
eISBN:
9780191894374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861492.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

A formulation of electroweak field theory which is equivalent to the usual one, but completely dispenses with structure groups, is presented. The notions of Higgs field and symmetry breaking are ... More


Effective Field Theory with Nambu–Goldstone Modes

Antonio Pich

in Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 108, July 2017

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198855743
eISBN:
9780191889370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855743.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

These lectures provide an introduction to the low-energy dynamics of Nambu–Goldstone fields, which associated with some spontaneous (or dynamical) symmetry breaking, using the powerful methods of ... More


The Weinberg–Salam model

Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell

in Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199699322
eISBN:
9780191779435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.003.0048
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

A non-abelian gauge theory is at the heart of the electroweak theory due to Weinberg and Salam and this is presented in this chapter. Symmetry breaking of the Higgs field results in the emergence of ... More


On Gauge Freedom and Interactions

Daniel Canarutto

in Gauge Field Theory in Natural Geometric Language: A revisitation of mathematical notions of quantum physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198861492
eISBN:
9780191894374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861492.003.0023
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

The notion of gauge freedom is discussed in the context of the 2-spinor approach to Maxwell-Dirac fields. The various types of boson interaction terms arising in a generic gauge field theory are laid ... More


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