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Recollections of early vacuum tube circuits

Maurice Wilkes

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0019
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a description of the birth of electronics. It then discusses the three main approaches to the design of trees and gating circuits, and the great designer Alan Blumlein, who ... More


Semiconductor Detector Systems

Helmuth Spieler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters ... More


Epilogue

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the search for the causes of technological progress. It observes that, in the past ten years, a veritable revolution has occurred in a wide variety of fields, from genetic ... More


IPR and Technological Catch‐Up in Korea

Keun Lee and Yee Kyoung Kim

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses the catch‐up experience of Korea, in which the present intellectual property legislation was established in 1961. Three stylized facts are noted about patenting trend: shift ... More


Shifting Boundaries of the Firm: Japanese Company - Japanese Labour

Mari Sako

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268160
eISBN:
9780191708534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268160.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

All firms wrestle with restructuring that involves consolidation through mergers and acquisitions on the one hand, and fragmentation through outsourcing and spin-offs on the other. Corporate ... More


The Influence of Dutch and EU Government Policies on Philips' Information Technology Product Strategy

Jan van den Ende, Nachoem Wijanberg, and Albert Meijer

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter focuses on the IT policies of the Dutch and European governments in the period from 1960 to 1980. The success of different government policies and instruments is evaluated against the ... More


Modular production' impact on Japan's electronics industry 1

Timothy J. Sturgeon

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter examines modular production/manufacturing (as well as emulation), which pose a direct challenge to a host of the most cherished strategies of Japanese electronics firms, including ... More


Slow Growth and Revolutionary Change: The Norwegian IT Industry Enters the Global Age, 1970-2005

Knut Sogner

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

This chapter concludes that although the Norwegian IT industry has been lacking in export success for the last thirty years, it has been important for the development of the Norwegian economy. ... More


Music for a Large Ensemble (1978)

Steve Reich

in Writings on Music 1965–2000: 1965-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151152
eISBN:
9780199850044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151152.003.0023
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter presents Reich's thoughts about Music for a Large Ensemble, which was premiered in June 1979 by the Netherlands Wind Ensemble under the direction of Reinbert de Leeuw at the Holland ... More


“Music Is a Universal Human Right”: Musica Elettronica Viva

Amy C. Beal

in Sound Commitments: Avant-Garde Music and the Sixties

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195336641
eISBN:
9780199868551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336641.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Popular

The Ivy‐League pedigrees of many of the Musica Elettronica Viva (MEV) composers seems to contradict their anarchic‐Marxist musical activities in Rome during the late 1960s. Influenced by the ... More


Once and the Sixties

Ralf Dietrich

in Sound Commitments: Avant-Garde Music and the Sixties

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195336641
eISBN:
9780199868551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336641.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Popular

ONCE had two lives, each of which can be associated with one half of the 1960s. Chronologically, the ONCE Festival of musical premieres in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the nationwide performing ONCE ... More


Manufacturing

Geoffrey Jones

in Multinationals and Global Capitalism: From the Nineteenth to the Twenty First Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199272099
eISBN:
9780191602184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272093.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Multinational strategies have played key roles in nearly all of the world’s dynamic manufacturing industries since the late 19th century. The firms that pioneered the capital-intensive technologies ... More


AFM instrumentation

Peter Eaton and Paul West

in Atomic Force Microscopy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570454
eISBN:
9780191722851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570454.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the design of modern AFM instruments in detail. It shows both how the instruments are built, and how they work. There are descriptions of the mechanical, electronic, and ... More


A Vision of the Firm and the Evolution of Japanese Computer and Communications Firms

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

A conceptualization (theory) of the firm is developed in order to analyse the evolution of the major Japanese computer and communications companies: Fujitsu, NEC, Hitachi, Toshiba, Mitsubishi ... More


The United Kingdom

Neil Hood and Stephen Young

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This case study on the impact of globalization on the UK views the question of the evolution of macro‐organizational policies from the perspective of its approach to FDI (foreign direct investment) ... More


Grinding Vegetables—to a Halt: Delayed Adjustment in Moulinex

BOB HANCKÉ

in Large Firms and Institutional Change: Industrial Renewal and Economic Restructuring in France

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199252053
eISBN:
9780191719097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252053.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

The third case study is a case of delayed and ultimately failed reform. The consumer electronics and small kitchen appliances producer Moulinex entered a crisis like many other large companies in ... More


Cluster Dynamics in Malaysian Electronics

Michael H. Best

in The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297451
eISBN:
9780191595967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297459.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The capabilities and innovation perspective is applied to Malaysian electronics, a case of rapid growth and industrial development for over three decades but with disappointing productivity gains. In ... More


Global Location Behavior and Organizational Dynamics of Japanese Electronics Firms and Their Impact on Regional Economies *

Masahisa Fujita and Ryoichi Ishii

in The Dynamic Firm: The Role of Technology, Strategy, Organization, and Regions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296041
eISBN:
9780191596070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296045.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Building on the experience of nine Japanese electronics firms after World War II, the authors look at the explanatory contribution of selective factor disadvantages operating at the country level ... More


The Post‐War Evolution of Managerial Control in the United States

Mary O'Sullivan

in Contests for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and Economic Performance in the United States and Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244867
eISBN:
9780191596735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244863.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter has two main sections, which contrast the post‐war development of managerial control in the USA in the mass production industries, and the high‐technology industries––as exemplified by ... More


Startup

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts Noyce's departure from Fairchild Semiconductor and his decision to launch a new company with Gordon Moore, which they named Intel. Noyce and Moore wanted potential investors to ... More


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