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Operations, Productivity, and Technological Change

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the various aspects of British Rail's operations. Topics covered include passenger pricing and marketing, freight pricing and marketing, operating costs and productivity, trade ... More


General Purpose Technologies and Surges in Productivity: Historical Reflections on the Future of the ICT Revolution

Paul A. David and Gavin Wright

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyses the relationship between the diffusion of general purpose technologies (GPTs) and surges in the growth of productivity. It first explores the dynamics of GPT diffusion by ... More


Implementation of the Act

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with broad aspects related to the implementation of the Electricity Act, 2003. It covers the various policies, namely, National Electricity Policy, Tariff Policy, and Rural ... More


PHYSICAL ORIGINS OF SURFACE FORCES

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The energies and forces between contacting surfaces originate from the interaction forces between atoms and molecules. This chapter discusses how these atomic level forces lead to various types of ... More


Current Flow: The Electrification of Palestine

Ronen Shamir

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804787062
eISBN:
9780804788687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787062.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book follows electric wires as they extend to new contact points and asks about the social significance of being permanently attached to an electrical network (’the grid’). The argument is that ... More


Introduction

Christine Folch

in Hydropolitics: The Itaipu Dam, Sovereignty, and the Engineering of Modern South America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691186603
eISBN:
9780691197524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691186603.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter gives a background on politics via water. It talks about Hydropolitics, the political economy that comes from an industrialization and electrification powered by water. It uncovers how ... More


Rural Electrification

John L. Neufeld

in Selling Power: Economics, Policy, and Electric Utilities Before 1940

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226399638
eISBN:
9780226399775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226399775.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

In 1930, 85% of urban dwellings, but only 10% of farms, had electric service. Without electricity, indoor plumbing and food storage were more difficult. The issue was emotional and personal to ... More


American Illuminations: Urban Lighting, 1800-1920

David E. Nye

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037419
eISBN:
9780262344784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037419.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Illuminations originated in Renaissance Italy and spread to all the courts of Europe more than a century before oil lamps provided the first street lighting. The transition to gas after 1800 and to ... More


Electrifying India: Regional Political Economies of Development

Sunila S. Kale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787963
eISBN:
9780804791021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787963.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Throughout the twentieth century, electricity was considered to be the primary vehicle of modernity, as well as its quintessential symbol. In India, electrification was central to how early ... More


Disempowerment of Incumbent Elite and Governance: A Case of Bihar’s Electricity Sector

Md Zakaria Siddiqui

in Mapping Power: The Political Economy of Electricity in India's States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199487820
eISBN:
9780199093755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199487820.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Bihar’s electricity sector was in a low level equilibrium for many years, with limited rural electrification. Under Lalu Yadav in the 1990s, although Bihar’s power sector deteriorated, newly ... More


The Challenges of Rural Electrification in Canada

Alastair Lucas

in Energy Justice and Energy Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198860754
eISBN:
9780191892899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860754.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

There have been significant energy justice issues in the development of Canadian rural electrification (RE), particularly in the provinces of Alberta, Ontario, and the Yukon territory. In an ... More


Endless Restructuring of the Power Sector in Odisha: A Sisyphean Tale?

Mrigakshi Das and Mahaprajna Nayak

in Mapping Power: The Political Economy of Electricity in India's States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199487820
eISBN:
9780199093755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199487820.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Odisha in the mid-1990s was a poor state with limited rural electrification but plentiful vast coal and ample hydro supply. Enabled by a cross-party consensus that the state should become the ... More


Insulated Wires: The Precarious Rise of West Bengal’s Power Sector

Elizabeth Chatterjee

in Mapping Power: The Political Economy of Electricity in India's States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199487820
eISBN:
9780199093755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199487820.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

West Bengal had been in a low-level equilibrium characterized by low access levels but also, therefore, limited demands for subsidies. Nonetheless, declining finances prompted the long-standing CPM ... More


Connecting

Emma Widdis

in Visions of a New Land: Soviet Film from the Revolution to the Second World War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092912
eISBN:
9780300127584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092912.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores developments that occurred across the Soviet territories from 1917 to 1930. It also discusses Lenin's efforts in connecting all Soviet villages in all of Russia. It also details ... More


Electricity as New India's “Strategic Railway”

Sunila S. Kale

in Electrifying India: Regional Political Economies of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787963
eISBN:
9780804791021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787963.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the institutions and ideologies that emerged from New Delhi. Emboldened and inspired by Lenin's Russia, Nehru, Ambedkar, and others believed that state-financed electrification ... More


Maharashtra and the Politics of Selective Rural Development

Sunila S. Kale

in Electrifying India: Regional Political Economies of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787963
eISBN:
9780804791021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787963.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyzes the politics of electrification in Maharashtra, which provides the strongest example of how a politicized peasantry wielded the instruments of democratic institutions and an ... More


Social Movements and Electric Populism in Andhra Pradesh

Sunila S. Kale

in Electrifying India: Regional Political Economies of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787963
eISBN:
9780804791021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787963.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on Andhra Pradesh. Thanks to colonial-era policies, some parts of Andhra Pradesh started with relatively higher rates of rural electrification than the rest of the country. ... More


Making Night Hideous

Peter C. Baldwin

in In the Watches of the Night: Life in the Nocturnal City, 1820-1930

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226036021
eISBN:
9780226036038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226036038.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the nighttime work, crime, transportation, and leisure in American cities from the introduction of the gas streetlamps in ... More


Night Life in the Electric City

Peter C. Baldwin

in In the Watches of the Night: Life in the Nocturnal City, 1820-1930

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226036021
eISBN:
9780226036038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226036038.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines night life in American cities after the electrification in the 1920s. It explains that after electrification nighttime entertainment was still concentrated in the most ... More


Origins of a Grid, Part 1

Stephen Doheny-Farina

in The Grid and the Village: Losing Electricity, Finding Community, Surviving Disaster

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300089776
eISBN:
9780300133820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300089776.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter focuses on the importance of electricity and the origin of grids. It explains that while the expanding patchwork of grids fueled the development of cities, these grids eventually broke ... More


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