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Electoral Rules and Electoral Reform in Canada

R. Kent Weaver

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The puzzle addressed by this chapter is why electoral reform for the Canadian House of Commons has so rarely made it to the agenda, let alone to adoption, despite the existence of widely recognized ... More


Designing Electoral Rules and Waiting for an Electoral System to Evolve

Rein Taagepera

in The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246465
eISBN:
9780191600135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246467.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Addresses three issues. On what basis are electoral rules actually chosen in new democracies, and what are the consequences? On what basis should they ideally be designed? And in how much detail ... More


The Consequences of Mexico's Mixed‐Member Electoral System, 1988–1997

Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has experimented with mixed‐member electoral systems for many years, is probably the second oldest mixed‐member system after Germany, and has modified its mixed system more than any other ... More


Chapter 3

Georgina Waylen

in Engendering Transitions: Women's Mobilization, Institutions and Gender Outcomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248032
eISBN:
9780191714894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248032.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Using the discussion of the gendered nature of institutions, such as political parties developed in Part One, as its starting point, Part Three concentrates on the electoral arena. To determine the ... More


The Legislative Consequences of MMP Electoral Rules in Venezuela

Michael R. Kulisheck and Brian F. Crisp

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The inaugural mixed‐member proportional (MMP) elections were held in Venezuela in 1993. According to the MMP electoral rules in Venezuela, approximately half of the Chamber of Deputies is elected ... More


Who Can Vote

Josep M. Colomer

in Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Small, homogeneous communities in medieval and early modern times were able to make consensual social choices by voting with relatively broad voting rights. In complex societies in modern times, the ... More


Mixed Electoral Rules, Partisan Realignment, and Party System Change in Italy

Roberto D'Alimonte

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When the new mixed‐member majoritarian (MMM) electoral system was introduced in the summer of 1993, Italian politics was characterized by a destructuring of the old party system with a dramatic ... More


Women in the Polish Sejm: Political Culture and Party Politics versus Electoral Rules

Renata Siemieńska

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines changes in the representation of women in the Polish parliament from the 1990s to 2001. Women candidates had the best outcome in the 2001 election due to electoral law change, ... More


How Political Institutions Shape Losers' Consent

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The authors examine how formal political institutions mute or amplify the impact of losing on attitudes toward the political system. They can do so in one of several ways: by defining the rules of ... More


Losing and Support for Institutional Change

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines the question of whether electoral losers will try to change the rules of the game or will stop participating in politics altogether. Expectations of future loss are likely to have an ... More


Belgium: Delegation and Accountability under Partitocratic Rule

Lieven De Winter and Patrick Dumont

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the mechanisms of delegation and accountability in post-war Belgium prior to the major reforms of the 1990s and the subsequent reforms. Discusses how political parties dominate these ... More


Descriptive Representation: Electing Women in Latin America

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in Political Power and Women’s Representation in Latin America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731954
eISBN:
9780199866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731954.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Why do more women get elected to Latin American legislatures today than 30 years ago and why are more women elected in some countries than others? This chapter examines how formal representation ... More


Electoral Rules, the Number of Parties, and Niche Party Success

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter reports an association between the electoral rules that have been adopted in a political system and niche party electoral competitiveness. The competitiveness of niche parties is defined ... More


Politics and Social Choice

Josep M. Colomer

in Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Social choice theory helps to design a research strategy. Three institutional variables producing different degrees of stability and different amounts of social utility are: (1) the dispersion of ... More


The Legal Context of Turnout: Voter Registration and Voting Innovations

Jan E. Leighley and Jonathan Nagler

in Who Votes Now?: Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159348
eISBN:
9781400848621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159348.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers the electoral impact the new, wider array of voter registration and election administration laws using a new data set collected on state electoral rules between 1972 and 2008. ... More


Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

David Lublin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When we think of minorities—linguistic, ethnic, religious, regional, or racial—in world politics, conflict is often the first thing that comes to mind. Indeed, discord and tension are the depressing ... More


Institutional Change and Citizens

Shaun Bowler and Todd Donovan

in The Limits of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695409
eISBN:
9780191751486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695409.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter defines electoral rules in terms of redistributive institutions; rules where changes have zero-sum, partisan consequences. It discusses the dominant role of self-interested partisan ... More


Introduction

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s purpose, which is to look at the representation of minority groups in largely peaceful and democratic countries. Specifically, it examines factors that ... More


Deportation Nations

Tom K. Wong

in Rights, Deportation, and Detention in the Age of Immigration Control

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780804793063
eISBN:
9780804794572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804793063.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

What are the politics and determinants of deportation? This chapter investigates this question by analyzing data across twenty-five immigrant-receiving countries from 2000 to 2009. It represents one ... More


Communal Lists, Reserved Seats, and Lower Thresholds

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores rules that may aid ethnoregional parties such as communal lists, reserved seats, and lower thresholds. It first examines countries that reserve seats—sometimes paired with ... More


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