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To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

André Blais (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The book addresses the following questions: What fosters or hinders reform of first past the post? When and why does reform emerge on the political agenda? Who proposes and who opposes reform? When ... More


Representative Institutions: Elections and Electoral Systems

Benjamin Reilly

in Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286874
eISBN:
9780191713156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In examining the relationship between political reform and the redesign of Asia-Pacific electoral systems, this chapter argues that many of the political reforms undertaken across the region in ... More


Inherent and Contingent Factors in Reform Initiation in Plurality Systems *

Matthew Søberg Shugart

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Electoral reform may be explained through a model that incorporates both inherent and contingent factors. An electoral system has an inherent tendency towards “systemic failure,” understood as ... More


Why Are There So Many (or So Few) Electoral Reforms?

Richard S. Katz

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Electoral reforms are surprisingly rare in established political systems. This chapter analyses the reasons why political actors might attempt to change an electoral system to one that more closely ... More


The Politics of Electoral Systems

Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Electoral systems are the central political institution in representative democracies. They convert votes into seats and structure the choices facing voters. They also affect the behaviour of ... More


Electoral Reform in the UK: A Veto Player Analysis *

Adrian Blau

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter uses veto-player theory to explore the prospects for electoral reform in the UK. The chapter introduces the idea of ‘path-setting’ to show how the government can help or hinder reform ... More


Electoral Rules and Electoral Reform in Canada

R. Kent Weaver

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The puzzle addressed by this chapter is why electoral reform for the Canadian House of Commons has so rarely made it to the agenda, let alone to adoption, despite the existence of widely recognized ... More


Conclusions

Paul Whiteley, Patrick Seyd, and Antony Billinghurst

in Third Force Politics: Liberal Democrats at the Grassroots

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199242825
eISBN:
9780191604140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242828.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the political prospects of the Liberal Democrat Party. The big question is whether or not it can replace its rivals as the second, or even the first, party of British electoral ... More


The Politics of Reform in Israel: How the Israeli Mixed System Came to Be

Gideon Rahat

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

An analysis of the factors and the processes that led to the adoption of a mixed‐member electoral system in Israel. The first section analyzes the characteristics of the Israeli pre‐reform extreme ... More


Conclusion: Are Mixed‐Member Systems the Best of Both Worlds?

Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the experiences of several existing mixed‐member electoral systems in an effort to assess the likely prospects for the continued spread of this mode of electoral reform. There are three ... More


The United Kingdom: Plurality Rule Under Siege

Paul Mitchell

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

‘Times they are a-changing . . .’ is at the source of the Westminster model. Or are they? Electoral reformers are still trying to replace Britain’s single-member plurality electoral system with some ... More


The United Kingdom Comes of Age: The British Electoral Reform “Revolution” Of the 1990S

David M. Farrell

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the field of electoral systems, Britain has long held out as a bastion of stability, as the country seen as least likely to undergo fundamental electoral reform, but this picture was rudely ... More


The Causes of Electoral Reform in Japan

Steven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter, on the causes of electoral reform in Japan, reviews the movement from an extreme electoral (hyper‐personalistic) system in which candidates of the same party competed against one ... More


When Citizens Choose to Reform SMP: the British Columbia Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform

R. Kenneth Carty, André Blais, and Patrick Fournier

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter provides an account of what happens when ordinary citizens are given an opportunity to examine the workings of first past the post electoral systems and consider an alternative. The ... More


Israel: The Politics of an Extreme Electoral System

Gideon Rahat and Reuven Y. Hazan

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Israel had a closed list PR system that was so proportional that it resulted in a large multi-party system with a very fragmented parliament. One result is that for decades, Israel experienced ... More


Reforming Electoral Systems in Mexico

Juan Molinar Horcasitas and Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has a long experience with highly majoritarian variants of mixed‐member systems, but has recently been made more proportional in a process of democratization. Electoral reform has developed ... More


Choosing MMP in New Zealand: Explaining the 1993 Electoral Reform

David Denemark

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Explores several of the factors that significantly affected the transition of New Zealand's political system from a pluralitarian (extreme majoritarian) system famous for its tranquil efficacy to an ... More


Electoral Reform in Canada

Louis Massicotte

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter reviews the main attempts to reform Quebec's first-past-the-post system for electing Members of its National Assembly. The focus is on the latest proposal, unveiled by the Liberal ... More


Electoral Reform and the British MEP

David M. Farrell and Roger Scully

in Representing Europe's Citizens?: Electoral Institutions and the Failure of Parliamentary Representation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285020
eISBN:
9780191713651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285020.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The electoral system used in Britain for EP elections was changed radically in 1999, the SMP system being replaced by a PR, regional closed-list system. This change represented a very rare case of ... More


Chile: The Unexpected (and Expected) Consequences of Electoral Engineering

Peter M. Siavelis

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chile’s binomial open-list PR system was selected by the Pinochet regime as the most likely to optimise the parliamentary strength of the authoritarian right given its level of electoral support. The ... More


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