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The Manipulation of Electoral Institutions

Birch Sarah

in Electoral Malpractice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199606160
eISBN:
9780191731693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606160.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter shows that the manipulation of electoral institutions is a powerful means of retaining political power while permitting electoral competition. It also demonstrates that the manipulation ... More


Shaping the Electoral Arena

Andreas Schedler

in The Politics of Uncertainty: Sustaining and Subverting Electoral Authoritarianism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680320
eISBN:
9780191760242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680320.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Electoral authoritarian regimes transgress democratic norms in severe and systematic ways. Grounded in democratic theory, the chapter first delineates the minimum norms of democratic elections. It ... More


Comparative Cases and Data

Andreas Schedler

in The Politics of Uncertainty: Sustaining and Subverting Electoral Authoritarianism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680320
eISBN:
9780191760242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680320.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The empirical explorations this book pursues into the internal dynamics of electoral autocracies worldwide are based on the original Dataset on Authoritarian Elections (1980–2022). This chapter ... More


Norm Enforcement and Democratic Change

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Do international actors enforce democratic norms in countries that hold flawed elections? Do their efforts make a difference? This chapter develops the theory of the causes and effects of norm ... More


The Effects of Enforcement

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter uses quantitative evidence to assess the effects of international conditionality and diplomatic engagement on electoral conduct and outcomes. It shows, in short, that enforcement works. ... More


Carrots and Sticks: Toward a Theory of Electoral Violence

Sarah Birch

in Electoral Violence, Corruption, and Political Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203621
eISBN:
9780691203645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203621.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter develops the study's main argument as to the incentives under which state and nonstate actors will employ violent means of shaping electoral outcomes, in addition to alternatives such as ... More


Introduction

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The majority of elections held around the world today are marked by systematic government interference and manipulation. But what consequences do governments face for engaging in electoral ... More


Electoral Misconduct

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins the empirical portion of the study. It introduces the data on electoral misconduct and examines global patterns. It documents where misconduct occurs, how frequent and intense it ... More


Electoral Violence, Corruption, and Political Order

Sarah Birch

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203621
eISBN:
9780691203645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203621.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Throughout their history, political elections have been threatened by conflict, and the use of force has in the past several decades been an integral part of electoral processes in a significant ... More


Violence by Nonstate Actors

Sarah Birch

in Electoral Violence, Corruption, and Political Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203621
eISBN:
9780691203645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203621.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses nonstate electoral violence, exploring the circumstances under which nonstate actors resort to violent means to achieve their ends, how state-initiated violence and nonstate ... More


The Limits of International Pressure

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines three country cases in which the international enforcement of democratic norms either failed to produce meaningful electoral change or had, at best, partial or superficial ... More


Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Daniela Donno

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Although nearly every country in the world today holds multiparty elections, these contests are often blatantly unfair. Governments that engage in electoral misconduct may reap the benefits of higher ... More


Reproducing Populism: Tilting the Electoral Playing Field

Julio F. Carrión

in A Dynamic Theory of Populism in Power: The Andes in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197572290
eISBN:
9780197572320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197572290.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the third mechanism populist presidents use to reproduce their power: the tilting of the electoral playing field. The chapter shows the centrality of free and fair elections in ... More


The Mechanisms of International Influence

DANIELA DONNO

in Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199991280
eISBN:
9780199363230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199991280.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents qualitative evidence that fleshes out the statistical relationship between international norm enforcement and democratic change. It examines contested elections in the Dominican ... More


The ignorant, the manipulative, and the difficulties of measuring society

Péter Érdi

in Ranking: The Unwritten Rules of the Social Game We All Play

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190935467
eISBN:
9780190935498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935467.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

While making objective rankings sounds like an appealing goal, there are at least two reasons why we may not have objectivity: ignorance and manipulation. Persons with less knowledge suffer from ... More


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