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What Can We Expect from Electoral Laws?

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

We now expect to be able to fine-tune simple electoral laws to effect party systems and government stability positively, but we still need to be cautious. We should not expect to be able to tailor ... More


How Electoral Systems Matter

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

An electoral system helps determine the number and size distribution of parties in a country, as well as cabinet duration. Electoral systems are expressed in electoral laws. Their impact depends on ... More


The Origins and Components of Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When choosing an electoral system, the main tradeoff is between decisiveness of government and representation of minority views. With simple electoral systems, their average effect can be predicted. ... More


Changing Party Access to Elections

Shaun Bowler, Elisabeth Carter, and David M. Farrell

in Democracy Transformed?: Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199264995
eISBN:
9780191603259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264996.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines whether it has become easier or more difficult for political parties to participate in elections. It does this by comparing the electoral systems and the wider electoral laws ... More


Compromise Amidst Political Conflict: The Origins of Russia's Mixed‐Member System

Robert G. Moser and Frank C. Thames

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The introduction of a mixed‐member majoritarian (MMM) electoral system in Russia came in the midst of a violent struggle between President Boris Yeltsin and a communist and nationalist opposition, ... More


Democratic Delegation and Accountability: Cross-national Pattern s

Torbjörn Bergman, Wolfgang C. Müller, Kaare Strøm, and Magnus Blomgren

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the patterns of delegation and accountability in 17 Western European parliamentary democracies, over the post-war period. It provides information about the links between voters and MPs, ... More


Institutional Engineering and Transition to Democracy

Klaus von Beyme

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Begins by pointing out that the concept of institutional engineering was not invented for the latest wave of transitions from dictatorship to democracy, but rather created for evaluating a democratic ... More


Italian Parties: Change and Functionality

Luciano Bardi

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

For over forty years, Italy was seen as a ‘party government’ system, with a party system that was extremely fragmented, consisting of up to 10 national parties, at least seven of which could at any ... More


Legislative Quotas in Argentina and France

Mona Lena Krook

in Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375671
eISBN:
9780199871605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores campaigns for legislative quotas in Argentina and France. Before quotas, these countries had almost identical proportions of women in parliament. In Argentina, a quota law was ... More


“A Borrowed Suit”: Peers Accept the Inevitable

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

On August 31, a “special committee,” consisting of 45 members of the House of Peers, began a series of secret meetings that would last until October 3. Attention focused again on the emperor's role ... More


The Fall and Rise of Party Militants

Roderic Ai Camp

in The Metamorphosis of Leadership in a Democratic Mexico

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199742851
eISBN:
9780199866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742851.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Democratic politics engineered a sea change among politicians in the linkage between holding a party position and a nationally prominent office. Party militants have increased in number dramatically ... More


The Manipulation of Electoral Institutions

Birch Sarah

in Electoral Malpractice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199606160
eISBN:
9780191731693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606160.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter shows that the manipulation of electoral institutions is a powerful means of retaining political power while permitting electoral competition. It also demonstrates that the manipulation ... More


The Constitution of Electoral Speech Law: The Supreme Court and Freedom of Expression in Campaigns and Elections

Brian K. Pinaire

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757249
eISBN:
9780804779609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757249.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Bush v. Gore brought to the public's attention the significance of election law and the United States Supreme Court's role in structuring the rules that govern how campaigns and elections function in ... More


Accounting for varying electoral fortunes

Elisabeth Carter

in The Extreme Right in Western Europe: Success or Failure?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719070488
eISBN:
9781781701966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719070488.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter establishes the extent to which the four sets of explanations of electoral fortunes may account for the performance of right-wing extremist parties in Western Europe. It is suggested ... More


Institutional Background

Antonio M. Merlo, Vincenzo Galasso, Massimiliano Landi, and Andrea Mattozzi

in The Ruling Class: Management and Politics in Modern Italy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588282
eISBN:
9780191595417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588282.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter presents a brief overview of the Italian political system. Countries differ with respect to their political institutions, which affect the way in which voters, politicians, political ... More


Introduction The Constitution of Electoral Speech Law

in The Constitution of Electoral Speech Law: The Supreme Court and Freedom of Expression in Campaigns and Elections

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757249
eISBN:
9780804779609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757249.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This introductory chapter sets out the book's main theme—the nature and process of freedom of speech within the course of campaigns and elections, or what is referred to as the constitution of ... More


Conclusion

Birch Sarah

in Electoral Malpractice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199606160
eISBN:
9780191731693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606160.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter reviews the findings of the study, draws out their implications for policymakers, and suggests directions for future research. It argues that election reform and assistance ... More


Cognitive Contours

in The Constitution of Electoral Speech Law: The Supreme Court and Freedom of Expression in Campaigns and Elections

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757249
eISBN:
9780804779609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757249.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the techniques, tactics, devices, and schemes that have the potential to constitute the manner means by which the justices “see” the speech question before them. What the ... More


Organizing the Federal Assembly

Thomas F. Remington

in The Russian Parliament: Institutional Evolution in a Transitional Regime, 1989-1999

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084986
eISBN:
9780300129762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084986.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

The new Russian constitution and the electoral law determined the general outlines of the structure of the Federal Assembly. The deputies that won in the December 1993 elections adopted specific ... More


Constituent Concepts

in The Constitution of Electoral Speech Law: The Supreme Court and Freedom of Expression in Campaigns and Elections

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757249
eISBN:
9780804779609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757249.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on two concepts that figure most prominently in the constitution of electoral speech law: “electoral superintendence” and the “marketplace of ideas.” It shows that “electoral ... More


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