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Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook

Dieter Nohlen, Bernard Thibaut, and Michael Krennerich (eds)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296454
eISBN:
9780191600036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296452.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Elections in Africa is the first volume of a series of election data handbooks published by OUP; it covers all the 53 states in Africa. Elections have always been an integral part of ... More


Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is a series (Comparative Politics) for students and teachers of political science that deals with contemporary issues in comparative government and politics. In the view of many electoral ... More


Choosing MMP in New Zealand: Explaining the 1993 Electoral Reform

David Denemark

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Explores several of the factors that significantly affected the transition of New Zealand's political system from a pluralitarian (extreme majoritarian) system famous for its tranquil efficacy to an ... More


Reforming Electoral Systems in Mexico

Juan Molinar Horcasitas and Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has a long experience with highly majoritarian variants of mixed‐member systems, but has recently been made more proportional in a process of democratization. Electoral reform has developed ... More


The United Kingdom Comes of Age: The British Electoral Reform “Revolution” Of the 1990S

David M. Farrell

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the field of electoral systems, Britain has long held out as a bastion of stability, as the country seen as least likely to undergo fundamental electoral reform, but this picture was rudely ... More


The Causes of Electoral Reform in Japan

Steven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter, on the causes of electoral reform in Japan, reviews the movement from an extreme electoral (hyper‐personalistic) system in which candidates of the same party competed against one ... More


The Sources of Electoral Reform in Venezuela

Brian F. Crisp and Juan Carlos Rey

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Recent electoral reform in Venezuela, including the adoption of a mixed‐member proportional (MMP) system, has occurred in the context of crisis. Recounts the history leading from the situation of an ... More


Electoral Reform in Bolivia: Origins of the Mixed‐Member Proportional System

René Antonio Mayorga

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In 1994, Bolivia undertook a major constitutional and electoral reform, in which a closed‐list proportional representation (PR) system for the Lower House of the Congress was replaced by a ... More


Hedging Against Uncertainty: Regime Change and the Origins of Hungary's Mixed‐Member System

John W. Schiemann

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This examines why Hungary adopted a mixed‐member (MM) electoral system by analyzing the bargaining process that produced it. The discussion of Hungary's negotiated transition to democracy from ... More


Compromise Amidst Political Conflict: The Origins of Russia's Mixed‐Member System

Robert G. Moser and Frank C. Thames

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The introduction of a mixed‐member majoritarian (MMM) electoral system in Russia came in the midst of a violent struggle between President Boris Yeltsin and a communist and nationalist opposition, ... More


Introduction: The Electoral Reform of the Twenty‐First Century?

Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Outlines the aim of the book, and briefly describes the contents of each chapter. The book seeks to evaluate (1) why so many countries with such diverse political histories have chosen to adopt ... More


Germany: The Mixed‐Member System as a Political Compromise

Susan E. Scarrow

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Describes how the German mixed‐member electoral system arose, and shows how it developed both from interest‐based bargaining and from more widely shared concerns about political stability. Some of ... More


The Politics of Reform in Israel: How the Israeli Mixed System Came to Be

Gideon Rahat

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

An analysis of the factors and the processes that led to the adoption of a mixed‐member electoral system in Israel. The first section analyzes the characteristics of the Israeli pre‐reform extreme ... More


Reforming the Italian Electoral Law, 1993

Richard S. Katz

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Explores the replacement in Italy of an extremely proportional (hyper‐representative) system by a relatively majoritarian variant of a mixed‐member electoral system. On April 18, 1993, the Italian ... More


Henry Mathison Pelling 1920–1997

Peter Clarke

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 120, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, II

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263020
eISBN:
9780191734199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263020.003.0016
Subject:
History, Historiography

Henry Pelling enjoyed the deep respect of his professional colleagues, primarily in Britain and the anglophone world and also notably in Japan. His oeuvre secured him a reputation as the foremost ... More


The Way Things Were

Elizabeth McKenna and Hahrie Han

in Groundbreakers: How Obama's 2.2 Million Volunteers Transformed Campaigning in America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199394593
eISBN:
9780199394630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394593.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter places the Obama field campaign in historical context. Unlike previous campaigns, the Obama field model did not rely on the party infrastructure, outside vendors, or a last-minute ... More


Searching the Past

Lyn Ragsdale and Jerrold G. Rusk

in The American Nonvoter

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190670702
eISBN:
9780190670740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190670702.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Abstract: This chapter begins the historical analysis of American elections across four political periods: the government expansion period (1920–1944), the post-war period (1946–1972), the government ... More


The American Nonvoter

Lyn Ragsdale and Jerrold G. Rusk

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190670702
eISBN:
9780190670740
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190670702.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

The book explores the impact of uncertainty in the national campaign context on nonvoting in presidential and midterm House elections from 1920 through 2012. While previous studies have focused on ... More


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