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Electoral and Party Competition: Analytical Dimensions and Empirical Problems

Stefano Bartolini

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Focuses on the concept of electoral and party competition as the key mechanism leading party elites to respond to the preferences of voters. While competition is of central importance in both ... More


The Israeli Mixed Electoral System: Unexpected Reciprocal and Cumulative Consequences

Reuven Y. Hazan

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This analyzes the consequences of the Israeli version of a mixed electoral system, in which a majoritarian method of electing the head of the executive branch was grafted onto an extremely ... More


Challenging the State: Devolution and the Battle for Partisan Credibility: A Comparison of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom

Sonia Alonso

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691579
eISBN:
9780191741234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691579.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

How do state parties react to the challenge of peripheral parties demanding political power to be devolved to their culturally distinct territories? Is devolution the best response to these demands? ... More


Transitions to Accountability: Disentangling State and Regime 1

Jonathan Fox

in Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199208852
eISBN:
9780191709005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208852.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The concept of accountability politics is defined as the arena of conflict over whether and how those in power are held publicly responsible for their decisions. Explaining accountability requires ... More


The Presidentialization of Spanish Democracy: The Presidentialization of Spanish Democracy: Sources of Prime Ministerial Power in Sources of Prime Ministerial Power in Post‐Franco Spain

Ingrid van Biezen and Jonathan Hopkin

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Spain is a good example of a formally parliamentary regime subject to presidentializing pressures. This chapter examines the foundations of this presidentialization, focusing on three broad areas: ... More


Putin and the Attenuation of Russian Democracy

Timothy F. Colton

in Leading Russia: Putin in Perspective: Essays in Honour of Archie Brown

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276141
eISBN:
9780191603341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276145.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter argues that Russia is further removed from democratisation than it was at the beginning of the 1990s. De-democratisation has been attributed to encroachments on electoral competition, as ... More


Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Richard Gunther, José Ramón Montero, and Juan J. Linz (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is one in a series (Comparative Politics) for students and teachers of political science that deals with contemporary issues in comparative government and politics. After an introduction, ... More


Democratization and the Case of Women

Dawn Langan Teele

in Forging the Franchise

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691180267
eISBN:
9780691184272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180267.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter discusses the different social scientific arguments about women's enfranchisement. It evaluates several alternative explanations of women's enfranchisement, such as economic ... More


Election Studies

Suhas Palshikar

in Political Science: Volume 2: Indian Democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198084952
eISBN:
9780199082414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198084952.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter reviews some aspects of research on India’s state level and national level legislative elections published between 1978 and 2010. It suggests that political scientists were encouraged to ... More


Redistricting, Electoral Responsiveness, and Democracy

Nicholas R. Seabrook

in Drawing the Lines: Constraints on Partisan Gerrymandering in U.S. Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501705311
eISBN:
9781501707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705311.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the effects of partisan gerrymandering on electoral responsiveness and the competitiveness of congressional districts when compared to bipartisan redistricting. Through ... More


Conclusion

Devin Caughey

in The Unsolid South

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181806
eISBN:
9780691184005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181806.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the implications of the revisionist portrait of Southern politics introduced in the previous chapters. It begins by considering how much the South has changed since the ... More


Electoral Competition and the New Incumbency Advantage

Kathryn A. DePalo

in The Failure of Term Limits in Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813060484
eISBN:
9780813050744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060484.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter two assesses whether term limits have increased electoral competition. Forced turnover has facilitated more competition but only for open seat races. Legislators now effectively “own” their ... More


The Transition to Democracy and the Struggles to Take Over the Party

Joy K. Langston

in Democratization and Authoritarian Party Survival: Mexico's PRI

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190628512
eISBN:
9780190628550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190628512.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter provides a description of the political and economic crises of the mid-1990s that led to the loss of the PRI’s majority in the Chamber and the presidential defeat in 2000. Even as ... More


Electoral competition in Canada among centre-left parties: liberals versus social democracts

David McGrane

in Why the Left Loses: The Decline of the Centre-Left in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447332664
eISBN:
9781447332725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447332664.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the electoral competition in Canada among centre-left parties. In Canada, the concept of ‘centre-lefts’ has been particularly pertinent over the last decade. Roughly two-thirds ... More


Market Competition

Justin Buchler

in Hiring and Firing Public Officials: Rethinking the Purpose of Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199759972
eISBN:
9780190252496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199759972.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 2 distinguished between three components of electoral competition: competitive elections, competitive electoral behavior, and a competitive framework of electoral laws. This chapter maintains ... More


Corruption and Competition

Justin Buchler

in Hiring and Firing Public Officials: Rethinking the Purpose of Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199759972
eISBN:
9780190252496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199759972.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter demonstrates the complex relationship between electoral competition and legislative corruption. One of the most common accusations of corruption leveled against public officials is that ... More


Elite Contestation and Mass Participation in Brazilian Legislative Elections, 1945–​2014

F. Daniel Hidalgo and Renato Lima

in New Order and Progress: Development and Democracy in Brazil

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190462888
eISBN:
9780190492885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190462888.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines the evolution of mass participation and elite contestation across 17 elections for Brazil's Chamber of Deputies. While participation has increased dramatically through this ... More


Candidate Quality

Michael G. Miller

in Subsidizing Democracy: How Public Funding Changes Elections and How It Can Work in the Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452277
eISBN:
9780801469527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452277.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the interplay of public funding, competition, and candidate “quality” in state legislative elections. In particular it explores the potential for gauging candidate quality and ... More


Prologue: The Story of an argument

Peter Clarke

in The Keynesian Revolution in the Making, 1924–1936

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202196
eISBN:
9780191675201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202196.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This book tells the story of an argument. The argument arose out of the performance of the British economy in the period of depression between the two World Wars. In the first place, it was an ... More


Competitive Pressures for Reform

Anika Gauja

in Party Reform: The Causes, Challenges, and Consequences of Organizational Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198717164
eISBN:
9780191785917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717164.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Many accounts of party change stress the importance of electoral setbacks as a catalyst for reform. This relationship is usually intimated on the basis of timing, however, rather than examining why ... More


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