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Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

C. Mathew Mate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Friction, lubrication, adhesion, and wear are prevalent physical phenomena in everyday life and in many key technologies. This book incorporates a bottom-up approach to friction, lubrication, and ... More


Asset Pricing in Discrete Time: A Complete Markets Approach

Ser-Huang Poon and Richard Stapleton

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271443
eISBN:
9780191602559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271445.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Relying on the existence, in a complete market, of a pricing kernel, this book covers the pricing of assets, derivatives, and bonds in a discrete time, complete markets framework. It is primarily ... More


Determining the Advertising Budget

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm should coordinate its advertising decisions with the other elements of the marketing mix such as price and promotion, especially when demand is uncertain. It shows how ... More


James’ suspension spring equations

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In 1983, K. James published two useful but rather complicated equations whose purpose was to help design the suspension spring. The equations show the effect that different spring lengths, widths, ... More


Food Security in Vietnam During the 1990s: The Empirical Evidence *

Vasco Molini

in Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter finds that food security in Vietnam showed improvements that were concentrated among the richer households, although there was some improvement among the poorer strata as well. It ... More


Why Exchange Rate Changes Will Not Correct Global Trade Imbalances

Ronald I. McKinnon

in The Unloved Dollar Standard: From Bretton Woods to the Rise of China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937004
eISBN:
9780199980703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937004.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The commonly used elasticities model of the balance of trade projects that a country's trade surplus will decline if its currency is appreciated. Its exports become more expensive to foreigners, and ... More


Risk Aversion, Background Risk, and the Pricing Kernel

Ser-Huang Poon and Richard Stapleton

in Asset Pricing in Discrete Time: A Complete Markets Approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271443
eISBN:
9780191602559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271445.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

‘Risk Aversion, background Risk, and the Pricing Kernel’ looks in more detail at utility functions and their effect on the shape of the pricing kernel. The authors discuss the meaning of risk ... More


Ecological sex differences in wild orangutans

Carel P. van Schaik, Maria A. van Noordwijk, and Erin R Vogel

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Sex differences in diet, ranging, and activity budgets (‘ecology’) can have two plausible, non-exclusive causes: differential needs due to reproduction in females and differences in body size, as ... More


Optimal Commodity Taxation

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Rules for setting Ramsey (1927) optimal commodity taxes are derived in this chapter using the conventional welfare analysis presented in Ch. 6. When these tax rules apply, Diamond and Mirrlees (1971) ... More


Schelling's Conjecture on Climate and Development: A Test

David Anthoff and Richard S.J. Tol

in Climate Change and Common Sense: Essays in Honour of Tom Schelling

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692873
eISBN:
9780191738371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692873.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

We use the integrated assessment model FUND to compute the income elasticities of climate change impacts for different world regions over time. We find limited support for Schelling's Conjecture that ... More


Renewable Resources

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on renewable resources and studies the interaction of economic agents, extracting renewable resources, and the resource dynamics as well as the fate of the resources in the long ... More


Demand for food and nutrients in developing countries

Alok Bhargava

in Food, Economics, and Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199269143
eISBN:
9780191710117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses various issues arising from the estimation of income elasticities of energy and nutrients using different types of data from developing countries. While it is reasonable to ... More


Two Strategies of Postwar Tax Policy

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Sheds light on the strategies traditionally adopted by the Japanese government concerning tax policy during the post‐war period of 1960s and 1970s.


Free Banking: The Populist Revolt Takes Root in New York

Howard Bodenhorn

in State Banking in Early America: A New Economic History

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195147766
eISBN:
9780199832910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147766.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Modern interpretations of free banking argue that lightly regulated banking systems are either unstable and undesirable, or that free competition in banking generates the same favorable outcomes as ... More


A Less Perfect World: Market Rents and Redistributive Conflict

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

We show how in a heterogeneous labour market, a group of workers may benefit from rigid institutions. This is because they allow it to collectively exploit monopoly power at the expense of other ... More


Economic Production Functions

John McDonald and G. D. Snooks

in Domesday Economy: A New Approach to Anglo-Norman History

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285243
eISBN:
9780191596636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285248.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

‘Economic production functions’ describes the characteristics of deterministic production functions used in the analysis of Domesday production. These include the Cobb–Douglas, Constant Elasticity of ... More


Trade Preferences for Developing Countries

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Analyses the effects of non‐reciprocal tariff preferences granted by high‐income countries to less‐developed countries. Section 1 reports the gross trade effects, which have often been small because ... More


Global Issues

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Section 1 of this chapter investigates whether RTAs have led to increased regionalization of world trade. Section 2 reports on studies using CGE models to identify gainers and losers from the spread ... More


OPTION PRICING IN A SINGLE-PERIOD MODEL

Ser-Huang Poon and Richard Stapleton

in Asset Pricing in Discrete Time: A Complete Markets Approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271443
eISBN:
9780191602559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271445.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

‘Option Pricing in a Single-Period Model’ uses the one-period complete markets model to derive forward prices of European-style options relates them to the forward price of the underlying asset. The ... More


VALUATION OF CONTINGENT CLAIMS: EXTENSIONS

Ser-Huang Poon and Richard Stapleton

in Asset Pricing in Discrete Time: A Complete Markets Approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271443
eISBN:
9780191602559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271445.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

‘Valuation of Contingent Claims: Extensions’ extends the analysis in Ch. 3 to contingent claims on assets with non-lognormal distributions, for example, normal distributions, as in the Brennan ... More


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