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The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The literature on theoretical reason has been dominated by epistemological concerns, treatments of practical reason by ethical concerns. This book overcomes the limitations of dealing with each ... More


High‐Level Simulational Mindreading

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Simulation is first examined in the domains of visual and motor imagery, where brain imaging confirms that many of the same regions are activated in both visual imagery and vision, and in motor ... More


Physical–ecological cognition

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Physical cognition refers to mental abilities utilized during problem solving that are provided by the non-living environment. This chapter reviews the limited evidence on how dogs orient in their ... More


Egocentric and Objective Representation

Robin Le Poidevin

in The Images of Time: An Essay on Temporal Representation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199265893
eISBN:
9780191708619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265893.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores an important distinction between two kinds of mental representation: that between ‘egocentric’ representation, which reflects the subject's own position in space and time, and ... More


Ego- and Personal-Network Effects

Thomas W. Valente

in Social Networks and Health: Models, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195301014
eISBN:
9780199777051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301014.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how researchers can collect network data from randomly drawn samples. The data only represent the respondent personal network, usually from the respondent's perspective. The ... More


Perspective Alignment in Spatial Language

Luc Steels and Martin Loetzsch

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter investigates the role of perspective alignment in the planning and interpretation of spatial language in a series of robotic experiments. It shows which cognitive mechanisms are ... More


The Valmont Effect: The Warm-Glow Theory of Philanthropy

John Elster

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter raises and answers the question: Why do people give? Both altruistic and egoistic explanations for charitable giving are considered and found wanting. The chapter explores the egocentric ... More


The Body

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter examines whether the unity of consciousness is grounded in bodily self‐consciousness. The focal point of discussion is the embodiment constraint, which claims that the unity of ... More


Information Processing, Phenomenal Consciousness, and Molyneux's Question

John Campbell

in Thought, Reference, and Experience: Themes from the Philosophy of Gareth Evans

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199248964
eISBN:
9780191719387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248964.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses some of the central issues raised by Evans's paper ‘Molyneux's question’, exploring how Evans's approach to Molyneux's question is informed by his account of the content of ... More


Embedded Cognition and Mental Representation

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter contains four sections. The first argues that what are supposed to be the innovative characteristics of embedded representations do not, in fact, differentiate them from representations ... More


On being lost

Paul A. Dudchenko

in Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the stories of several individuals who have lost their way, or who have ‘turned around’ in unfamiliar environments. These include William Naismith, a Scottish mountaineer who ... More


Justifying the Moral Rules: The First Five

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the moral rules: do not kill, do not cause pain, do not disable, do not deprive of freedom, and do not deprive of pleasure, are justified moral rules. It distinguishes ... More


Two Approaches to Ostensible Intuitions

Peter Unger

in Philosophical Relativity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155532
eISBN:
9780199833818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515553X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Explores the distinction between the prevalent approach to ostensible intuitions, which takes such intuitions to be indicative of semantic conditions, and the broadly psychological approach, which ... More


The Status of Testimony

C. A. J. Coady

in Testimony: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Begins with an investigation of certain central cognitive verbs to do with perceiving and remembering in order to compare the status of perception and memory with that of testimony. The verb learn is ... More


Two Routes to Empathy:: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience

Alvin I. Goldman

in Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199539956
eISBN:
9780191730931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This article proposes a distinction between two kinds of empathy, or routes to empathy: mirroring empathy and reconstructive empathy. The focus is on a minimal sense of empathy, i.e., interpersonal ... More


Finding Our Way

Barbara Landau and James E. Hoffman

in Spatial Representation: From Gene to Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195385373
eISBN:
9780199979189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385373.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses navigation when people are oriented and when they have become disoriented and must reorient themselves before re-locating an object, suggesting that there may be significant ... More


The World at Our Fingertips: A Multidisciplinary Exploration of Peripersonal Space

Frédérique de Vignemont, Andrea Serino, Hong Yu Wong, and Alessandro Farnè (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198851738
eISBN:
9780191886461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851738.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Where do you end and the external world begin? This might seem to be a straightforward, binary question: your skin is the boundary, with the self on one side and the rest of the world on the other. ... More


Bodily Action and Distal Attribution in Sensory Substitution

Robert Briscoe

Fiona Macpherson (ed.)

in Sensory Substitution and Augmentation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266441
eISBN:
9780191884207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266441.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

According to proponents of the sensorimotor contingency theory of perception, active control of camera movement is necessary for the emergence of distal attribution in tactile-visual sensory ... More


Perspectives on visuospatial neglect

Monika Harvey

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Among the behavioural disorders found in patients with hemispheric dysfunction, unilateral visual neglect is one of the most striking. The symptoms, although many and various, always include a ... More


Living in a Fictional World: Reading and Identification in Lost Girls

Alfonso Muñoz-Corcuera

in Graphic Novels as Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496813275
eISBN:
9781496813312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496813275.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This chapter studies Alan Moore and Melinda Gebbie's Lost Girls and how it deals with another topic that is being discussed in contemporary aesthetics: identification with fictional characters. ... More


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