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Cosmology in Early Islam: Developments That Led to al-Ghazālī’s Incoherence of the Philosophers

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

This chapter presents the two most important views about cosmology held by Muslims in the era of al-Ghazali. The first is the cosmology of the Ash’arite school of Muslim theology, which developed ... More


Efficient Causation in Kant

Eric Watkins

in Efficient Causation: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199782185
eISBN:
9780199395583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782185.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter describes how Kant’s views on causality, which contrast starkly with both his empiricist and his rationalist predecessors, are developed in most abstract form in the principles and ... More


Nietzsche on Epistemology and Metaphysics: The World in View

Tsarina Doyle

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628070
eISBN:
9780748652594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628070.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Few philosophers are as widely read or as widely misunderstood as Nietzsche. This book sets out to show that a specifically Kantian-informed methodology lies at the heart of Nietzsche's approach to ... More


Suárez’s Non-Reductive Theory of Efficient Causation

Jacob Tuttle

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 4

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198786368
eISBN:
9780191831331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786368.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This paper examines an important but neglected topic in Suárez’s metaphysics–—namely, his theory of efficient causation. According to Suárez, efficient causation is to be identified with action, one ... More


Intentions as Complex Dynamical Attractors Alicia Juarrero

Juarrero Alicia

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0132
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents a distinctively modern combination of views about causality that only efficient causality is true causality, and that recursive or circular causality is impossible. It is argued ... More


Genuine Agency, Somehow Shared? The Holy Spirit and Other Gifts

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199661848
eISBN:
9780191765339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661848.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Medieval philosophical theologians thought that they had solved the problem of how God and creatures can be alike genuine agents in producing the world as we know it. But could God and creatures ... More


Ockham on the Source of Divine Production

JT Paasch

in Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology: Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199646371
eISBN:
9780191739293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646371.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Ockham argues that we should identify the source of productive activity in the same way we identify the cause of an effect. For Ockham, the cause of an effect is that which must be posited in order ... More


Alexander against Galen on Motion: A Mere Logical Debate?

Orna Harari

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 50

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198778226
eISBN:
9780191830105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778226.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The debate between Alexander and Galen on Aristotle’s argument in Physics VII.1 that anything that moves is moved by something is currently understood as restricted to the question of the validity of ... More


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