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EFFECTIVE-MASS THEORY

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a careful discussion of effective mass theory, avoiding the common errors and misunderstandings. The theory is developed so that it can be linked to experiment in succeeding ... More


DIRECT DETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTIVE MASS OF IONS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A very important property of the complex charge structures used to test superfluidity is effective mass. This can be measured directly in experiments with microwaves or in experiments based on ... More


Envelope functions and effective mass approximation

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the concept of the envelope function and of the effective mass using a parabolic conduction band minimum as an example. As a first application it discusses the hydrogen ... More


12 Electronic structure and luminescence of low-dimensional semiconductors

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Unlike all of the previous chapters, this one is devoted to low-dimensional semiconductor structures (quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots-nanocrystals). Basic classification of these ... More


Energy levels

B. K. Ridley FRS

in Quantum Processes in Semiconductors

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199677214
eISBN:
9780191760624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677214.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines energy levels in semiconductors, first by discussing effective-mass approximation and electron dynamics as well as Zener-Bloch oscillations. It then discusses Landau levels, ... More


Quantum mechanics in semiconductor nanostructures

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter derives the general effective mass many-particle hamiltonian for semiconductor nanostructures, including the effects of ionized dopants and other localized charges; the effect of gate ... More


Bandstructures

Sandip Tiwari

in Semiconductor Physics: Principles, Theory and Nanoscale

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198759867
eISBN:
9780191820830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759867.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The introduction of the various computation techniques for determining bandstructures, their implications and their pitfalls is the scope of this chapter, which ends up with a realistic ... More


Optics in Semiconductors

Alexey A. Toropov and Tatiana V. Shubina

in Plasmonic Effects in Metal-Semiconductor Nanostructures

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199699315
eISBN:
9780191799433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699315.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes basic optical processes in semiconductor crystals, including interband optical absorption, gain, and emission. The consideration is performed for the two types of crystal ... More


Binary Compound Semiconductors

Vurgaftman Igor

in Bands and Photons in III-V Semiconductor Quantum Structures

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198767275
eISBN:
9780191821431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767275.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

To apply the band structure models discussed in Part I (extended to structures with quantum confinement in Part III and applied to photonic devices in Part IV), a reliable set of input parameters is ... More


Detailed k·p Theory for Bulk III–V Semiconductors

Igor Vurgaftman, Matthew P. Lumb, and Jerry R. Meyer

in Bands and Photons in III-V Semiconductor Quantum Structures

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198767275
eISBN:
9780191821431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767275.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The chapter discusses a full implementation of k·p theory for the eight bands near the energy gap in a III–V semiconductor. This model can precisely calculate the band structure for both conduction ... More


The band theory of solids

L. Solymar, D. Walsh, and R. R. A. Syms

in Electrical Properties of Materials

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198829942
eISBN:
9780191868504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829942.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The solution of Schrodinger’s equation is discussed for a model in which atoms are represented by potential wells, from which the band structure follows. Three further models are discussed, the Ziman ... More


Semiconductors

L. Solymar, D. Walsh, and R. R. A. Syms

in Electrical Properties of Materials

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198829942
eISBN:
9780191868504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829942.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Both intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors are discussed in terms of their band structure. The acceptor and donor energy levels are introduced. Scattering is discussed, from which the conductivity ... More


Electron Transport Properties

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

In GICs, charge transfer between graphite and intercalate produces a large concentration of charge carriers, featuring an electron or hole nature in donor or acceptor GICs, respectively, as ... More


Approximations for the Selfenergy

Klaus Morawetz

in Interacting Systems far from Equilibrium: Quantum Kinetic Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797241
eISBN:
9780191838743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797241.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The systematic expansion of the selfenergy is presented with the help of the closure relation of chapter 7. Besides Hartree–Fock leading to meanfield kinetic equations, the random phase approximation ... More


Spin Systems in Semiconductor Nanostructures

M. M. Glazov

in Electron & Nuclear Spin Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198807308
eISBN:
9780191845093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807308.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is an introduction to a rich variety of effects taking place in the interacting system of electrons and nuclei in semiconductors. It includes also the basics of electronic properties of ... More


Gravitational, Inertial, and Motional Effects

Helmut Rauch and Samuel A. Werner

in Neutron Interferometry 2nd Edn: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and Entanglement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712510
eISBN:
9780191780813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712510.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The first experiment in which gravity and quantum mechanics play simultaneous important roles was carried out by Colella, Overhauser, and Werner (COW). This and subsequent versions of this experiment ... More


Multiple Impurity Scattering

Klaus Morawetz

in Interacting Systems far from Equilibrium: Quantum Kinetic Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797241
eISBN:
9780191838743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797241.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Furnished with basic ideas about the scattering on a single impurity, the motion of a particle scattered by many randomly distributed impurities is approached. In spite of having a single particle ... More


Introduction To Solids And Their Interfaces

Abraham Nitzan

in Chemical Dynamics in Condensed Phases: Relaxation, Transfer and Reactions in Condensed Molecular Systems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198529798
eISBN:
9780191916649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198529798.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The study of dynamics of molecular processes in condensed phases necessarily involves properties of the condensed environment that surrounds the system under consideration. This chapter provides ... More


Quantum theory of electron-transfer reactions

Wolfgang Schmickler

in Interfacial Electrochemistry

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089325
eISBN:
9780197560563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089325.003.0026
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The theory of electron-transfer reactions presented in Chapter 6 was mainly based on classical statistical mechanics. While this treatment is reasonable for the reorganization of the outer sphere, ... More


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