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The Definition of Effective Altruism

William MacAskill

in Effective Altruism: Philosophical Issues

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841364
eISBN:
9780191881428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841364.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The term “effective altruism” has no official definition, meaning that different authors will inevitably understand the term in different ways. Since this harbours the potential for considerable ... More


The Effective Altruist’s Political Problem

Theodore M. Lechterman

in The Tyranny of Generosity: Why Philanthropy Corrupts Our Politics and How We Can Fix It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197611418
eISBN:
9780197611449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197611418.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What does it mean to give well? This chapter argues that political considerations are essential—though often neglected—ingredients in the practical ethics of giving. It develops through an ... More


Singer’s Pond Example and Some Worries about Effective Altruism

Larry S. Temkin

in Being Good in a World of Need

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 3 discusses Peter Singer’s famous Pond Example, which helped inspire the Effective Altruism Movement. It shows that while most people’s intuitive reactions to Singer’s example are compatible ... More


Severe Poverty as an Unjust Emergency

Elizabeth Ashford

in The Ethics of Giving: Philosophers' Perspectives on Philanthropy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190648879
eISBN:
9780190648909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648879.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

On the one hand, recent literature on global justice urges us to correct features of global structures that contribute to the persistence of severe poverty. On the other, Peter Singer has argued that ... More


Effective Altruism: Philosophical Issues

Hilary Greaves and Theron Pummer (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841364
eISBN:
9780191881428
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841364.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The effective altruism movement consists of a growing global community of people who organize significant parts of their lives around two key ideas, represented in its name. Altruism: If we use a ... More


Taking Stock, Clarifications, and Further Thoughts

Larry S. Temkin

in Being Good in a World of Need

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 15 takes stock of the book’s results. It notes that Peter Singer’s famous Pond Example fails to show that we should support charities like Oxfam; that there are important differences between ... More


Effective altruism and ignoring charity’s symbolic power

Jon Dean

in The Good Glow: Charity and the Symbolic Power of Doing Good

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447340027
eISBN:
9781447344933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447340027.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter presents an alternative way of thinking about charity: the effective altruism movement. It explores how the movement's proponents deal with the concept of the symbolic power of doing ... More


Being Good in a World of Need

Larry S. Temkin

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Ours is a rich world filled with misery. This gives rise to a pressing question: how should the well-off respond to the needy? Peter Singer famously argued that just as we have an obligation to save ... More


Introduction

Paul Woodruff

in The Ethics of Giving: Philosophers' Perspectives on Philanthropy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190648879
eISBN:
9780190648909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648879.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philanthropy and charitable giving support the lives of both people and institutions. Individuals express their values by where they give and how much. Yet recent philosophers have written little ... More


Can Giving Money End Severe Poverty?

Tim Hayward

in Global Justice & Finance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198842767
eISBN:
9780191878695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842767.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Some moral and political philosophers assume that the international institutional order is imperfectly just, but not thoroughly unjust. Thus the global financial system, for all its contingent ... More


Demanding the Demanding

Ben Sachs

in Effective Altruism: Philosophical Issues

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841364
eISBN:
9780191881428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841364.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Several authors have worried, or anyway assumed, that confronting people with highly demanding moral requirements would be counterproductive, in the sense of causing people to turn away from ... More


Further Objections to Deaton’s Worry and Some Responses

Larry S. Temkin

in Being Good in a World of Need

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 13 challenges various responses to Angus Deaton’s worry offered by Peter Singer and others. It points out that while GiveWell claims that its top-rated charities have positive expected value, ... More


Philosophical Misframings of Poverty

Monique Deveaux

in Poverty, Solidarity, and Poor-Led Social Movements

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190850289
eISBN:
9780190850319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190850289.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explains why viewing poverty as needs scarcity caused by a maldistribution of resources has led many philosophers to ignore critical aspects of poverty and their underlying structural ... More


Individual versus Collective Rationality and Morality: A Troubling Possibility

Larry S. Temkin

in Being Good in a World of Need

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 12 considers the view that even if many charities do more harm than good, surely, not all do; thus, as Effective Altruism claims, we must support the most effective charities, which can be ... More


The Tyranny of Generosity: Why Philanthropy Corrupts Our Politics and How We Can Fix It

Theodore M. Lechterman

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197611418
eISBN:
9780197611449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197611418.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The practice of philanthropy, which generously releases private property for public purposes, represents in many ways the best angels of our nature. But this practice’s noteworthy virtues often blind ... More


The Ethics of Giving: Philosophers' Perspectives on Philanthropy

Paul Woodruff (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190648879
eISBN:
9780190648909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648879.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philanthropy and charitable giving support the lives of both people and institutions. Individuals express their values by where they give and how much. Yet recent philosophers have written little ... More


Conclusion: Freedom and Resentment Amid Neoliberalism

Benjamin L. McKean

in Disorienting Neoliberalism: Global Justice and the Outer Limit of Freedom

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190087807
eISBN:
9780190087838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087807.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The conclusion considers widespread dispositions to resentment and pity that can appear motivate resistance to neoliberalism and shows why they instead shore up unjustified hierarchies. Instead, it ... More


Doing Good and Doing the Best

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Giving: Philosophers' Perspectives on Philanthropy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190648879
eISBN:
9780190648909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648879.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is sometimes argued that, even when it is supererogatory to give to charity at all, once one has decided to give a certain amount, one is then required to give in the way one has reason to believe ... More


Global Need: My Longtime Commitment and Earlier Views

Larry S. Temkin

in Being Good in a World of Need

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192849977
eISBN:
9780191945120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192849977.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 2 discusses Temkin’s longtime commitment to ameliorating global poverty, and the fact that he has long been sympathetic to the aims of Peter Singer and Effective Altruism regarding global ... More


Overriding Virtue

Richard Yetter Chappell

in Effective Altruism: Philosophical Issues

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198841364
eISBN:
9780191881428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841364.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, Richard Yetter Chappell examines the moral status of a disposition he calls “abstract benevolence”, viz. the disposition to allow abstract considerations of the greater good to ... More


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