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Summary and Conclusions

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter, specific recommendations made in chapters one through five are summarized. In conclusion, it is argued that, more generally, and in the longer term, alternatives and supplements to ... More


Sampling and Measurement

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines participant selection, sampling design, sample size and sampling error; as well as the importance of statistical power, effect size, confidence levels, and confidence intervals. ... More


NANOSTRUCTURES

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The nanoscale is where most of the action takes place in natural biological phenomena. The fields of nanotechnology and smart structures will therefore grow hand in hand. Nanosized particles are ... More


Confidence Intervals: Measures of Precision

Patrick Dattalo

in Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195315493
eISBN:
9780199865475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides a brief description of the rationale and limitations of CIs; presents important issues related to calculating CIs for both commonly used and emerging statistical procedures in ... More


Temporal Trends in Effect Sizes: Causes, Detection, and Implications

Julia Koricheva, Michael D. Jennions, and Joseph Lau

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The general aim of meta-analysis is to combine scientific evidence scattered through a number of individual studies addressing the same topic. Evidence, however, is not static and tends to evolve ... More


Field Theory in a Finite Geometry: Finite Size Scaling

JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509233
eISBN:
9780191708732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0037
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Many numerical calculations, like Monte Carlo or transfer matrix calculations, are performed with systems in which the size in several or all dimensions is finite. To extrapolate the results to the ... More


DISCRETE SYSTEMS AND FREE-DISCONTINUITY PROBLEMS

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter shows how general non-convex difference schemes can give rise to functionals defined by piecewise-Sobolev functions with interactions between surface and volume terms. Different ... More


Causal modelling, mechanism, and probability in epidemiology

Harold Kincaid

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter looks at interrelated issues concerning causality, mechanisms, and probability with a focus on epidemiology. This chapter argues there is a tendency in epidemiology, one found in other ... More


Metal clusters

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The stability of metal clusters exhibits shell effects similar to that of nuclei. This chapter reviews how this feature is treated in the jellium model. The main focus is on optical properties ... More


Statistical Models for the Meta-analysis of Nonindependent Data

Kerrie Mengersen, Michael D. Jennions, and Christopher H. Schmid

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In many meta-analyses, independence is questionable because there are several effect estimates per study and/or some of the individual studies included in the meta-analysis might not provide ... More


Phylogenetic Nonindependence and Meta-analysis

Marc J. Lajeunesse, Michael S. Rosenberg, and Michael D. Jennions

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In ecological and evolutionary meta-analysis, pooling research from multiple species can be a problem because species form a nested hierarchy of phylogenetic relationships. This shared phylogenetic ... More


Power Statistics for Meta-analysis: Tests for Mean Effects and Homogeneity

Marc J. Lajeunesse

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The common justification for meta-analysis is the increased statistical power to detect effects over what is obtained from individual studies. For ecologists and evolutionary biologists, the ... More


Conclusion

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Theoretical integration, applications in other areas (e.g., teachers’ expectations and their students’ performance), and procedures for dealing with experimenter expectancy effects within this ... More


Model Selection and Phonological Argumentation

ames Kirby and Morgan Sonderegger

in Shaping Phonology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226562452
eISBN:
9780226562599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562599.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Statistical and empirical methods are in widespread use in present-day phonological research. Researchers are often interested in the problem of model selection, or determining whether or not a ... More


Role of Meta-analysis in Interpreting the Scientific Literature

Michael D. Jennions, Christopher J. Lortie, and Julia Koricheva

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with a brief review of why effect sizes and their variances are more informative than P-values. It then discusses how meta-analysis promotes “effective thinking” that can change ... More


CRYSTAL LATTICES. APPLICATIONS

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses applications of crystal lattices. Topics covered include specific heat, thermal expansion, linear term in specific heat, thermal conductivity, the Boltzmann equation, high ... More


Effect Sizes: Conventional Choices and Calculations

Michael S. Rosenberg, Hannah R. Rothstein, and Jessica Gurevitch

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

One of the fundamental concepts in meta-analysis is that of the effect size. An effect size is a statistical parameter that can be used to compare, on the same scale, the results of different studies ... More


Using Other Metrics of Effect Size in Meta-analysis

Kerrie Mengersen and Jessica Gurevitch

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The interests of ecologists and evolutionary biologists are very diverse, as are the organisms and systems that they study. Given the complexity of the world around them and of the problems that they ... More


Applications of DD Simulations

Ladislas Kubin

in Dislocations, Mesoscale Simulations and Plastic Flow

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198525011
eISBN:
9780191756238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525011.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents an overview of significant insights or contributions to modelling provided by three-dimensional dislocation simulations. Four main domains are concerned. A connection has been ... More


Doing Research

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Researchers have to consider a host of factors when planning their research and analyzing their data. This chapter discusses a number of important research considerations. For instance, when planning ... More


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