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Sociopolitical Changes and Inequality in Educational Opportunities in China: Two Different Trends, 1940–2001

Li Chunling

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the relationship between social class and university entrance in the People's Republic of China during a period of major economic change towards the end of the last century. The ... More


Introduction

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

in Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

Even though India has made remarkable progress during past six decades in widening the literacy base and expanding educational opportunities, the Indian education system has been marked by glaring ... More


Is Failure Inevitable? The Recent Fate of Secondary School Reforms Intended to Alleviate Social Disadvantage

John Gray

in Understanding Social Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter discusses school reforms that have been taking place, with the aim to produce greater equality of educational opportunity. The chapter suggests why they may have been less effective than ... More


A Multiracial World

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the Metropolitan Council for Educational Opportunity (METCO) and its commitment to equal opportunity and changing individual attitudes through one-on-one interaction. While ... More


Overeducation and Social Generations in France: Welfare Regimes and Inter-cohort Inequalities in Returns to Education

Louis Chauvel

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a comparative theory and an empirical analysis of inequalities in economic opportunities and returns to education across birth cohorts. It focuses on the consequences of ... More


Schooling and the Distribution of Earnings: The Development of Empirical Research

Tsuneo Ishikawa

in Income and Wealth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288626
eISBN:
9780191596469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828862X.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on the relationship between schooling and distribution of income, first providing a survey of the fruits of past empirical research, and then discussing the efficacy and ... More


Tightening the Belt

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter places the debates over voluntary integration within the context of the Boston busing crisis and the national recession. Explorations of the dramatic events that surrounded the Boston ... More


Unfolding the Context: Structures and Processes

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

in Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

In every society, structural resources are likely to be unequally distributed across social groups. Inequality in distribution of structural resources is particularly glaring in societies defined by ... More


Curricular Reform, Academic Achievement, and Educational Opportunity

Christopher Bjork

in High-Stakes Schooling: What We Can Learn from Japan's Experiences with Testing, Accountability, and Education Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226309385
eISBN:
9780226309552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309552.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Chapter seven present data to analyzes the impact of that pattern on student learning. It concludes that changes to the curriculum introduced with the goal of making learning more appealing to all ... More


Redefining State Responsibility in Education

in School, Society, & State: A New Education to Govern Modern America, 1890 – 1940

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226772097
eISBN:
9780226772127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226772127.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

During the National Education Association's Department of Superintendence meeting in 1918 to discuss “centralizing tendencies in educational administration,” Payson Smith, state superintendent of ... More


Epilogue

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This concluding chapter examines the recent trends in Massachusetts' effort to confront its image as out of touch with the rest of the country, turning to the themes of equality of opportunity and ... More


Growth Industry

Chester E. Finn and Andrew E. Scanlan

in Learning in the Fast Lane: The Past, Present, and Future of Advanced Placement

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691178721
eISBN:
9780691185828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178721.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This chapter looks at more recent developments and the present state of Advanced Placement (AP). Advanced Placement's recent decades are notable for the program's stunning growth on multiple ... More


Navigating an Evolving Identity

Jennifer M. Morton

in Moving Up without Losing Your Way: The Ethical Costs of Upward Mobility

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691179230
eISBN:
9780691190655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179230.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This chapter focuses on the idea of codeswitching in order to avoid incurring ethical costs and retain a sense of one's identity. It talks about how changing a person behaves as it moves between the ... More


Education Policy Making in the Shadow of an Enduring Democratic Dilemma

Anne Newman

in Realizing Educational Rights: Advancing School Reform through Courts and Communities

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226071749
eISBN:
9780226071886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226071886.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter begins to advance the book’s main argument: that we should regard the education that prepares individuals for equal citizenship as a fundamental right that is shielded from majoritarian ... More


Two for the Price of One? The Contribution to Development of the New Female Elites

Alison Wolf

in The Role of Elites in Economic Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659036
eISBN:
9780191749032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659036.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the very different role played by female elites in contemporary developing countries, as compared to the ‘early’ industrializing countries of the nineteenth and early twentieth ... More


Why Does Inequality of Educational Opportunity Vary Across Countries?: Primary and Secondary Effects in Comparative Context

Michelle Jackson and Jan O. Jonsson

in Determined to Succeed?: Performance versus Choice in Educational Attainment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804783026
eISBN:
9780804784481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783026.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter shows that cross-national differences in inequalities in educational opportunity between members of advantaged and disadvantaged social groups are fundamentally driven by cross-national ... More


Introduction

Chester E. Finn and Andrew E. Scanlan

in Learning in the Fast Lane: The Past, Present, and Future of Advanced Placement

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691178721
eISBN:
9780691185828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178721.003.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Advanced Placement (AP) program. Advanced Placement is a privately operated, mostly privately financed, and almost entirely voluntary curricular ... More


Education systems and inequality based on social origins: the impact of school expansion and design

Gabriele Ballarino, Fabrizio Bernardi, and Nazareno Panichella

in Education Systems and Inequalities: International Comparisons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326106
eISBN:
9781447326212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This work studies how the inequality of educational opportunities (IEO) is shaped by two institutional features of the educational system: its expansion, that is the extent to which individuals ... More


Youth Activism in an Era of Education Inequality

Ben Kirshner

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479861316
eISBN:
9781479805563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479861316.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This is what democracy looks like: youth organizers in Colorado negotiate new school discipline policies to end the school to jail track. Latino and African American students march to district ... More


Legacy of Reform

Janet G. Hudson

in Entangled by White Supremacy: Reform in World War I-era South Carolina

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125022
eISBN:
9780813135182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125022.003.0013
Subject:
History, African-American History

In grasping the power of white supremacy, it is important to examine carefully how the whites exercised power and determine the various methods in which the manipulative potential of white supremacy ... More


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