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Symbiotic Brain Drains: Immigration Reform and the Knowledge Worker Recruitment Act of 1965

Madeline Y. Hsu

in The Good Immigrants: How the Yellow Peril Became the Model Minority

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164021
eISBN:
9781400866373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164021.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter analyzes immigration reform and the knowledge worker recruitment aspects of the Hart–Celler Act of 1965 to track the intensifying convergence of educational exchange programs, economic ... More


The Making of the Fulbright Program, 1946–1961: Architecture, Philosophy, and Narrative

Lonnie R. Johnson

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Fulbright program was an unprecedented and innovative enterprise that laid the foundations for development of international education in the United States and abroad after World War II. After its ... More


Education, or ‘part of our foreign policy’?: At war in Vietnam

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

By the early 1960s the original Fulbright Agreement had expired and a new one was negotiated, as a binational agreement with the Australian government providing equal funding. This was signed in ... More


‘Experience is the only teacher’: Academic ambassadors interpret ‘mutual understanding’

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Vietnam War posed significant challenges to academics on educational exchange who were expected under the Fulbright program to be ambassadors as well as researchers. The CIA surveillance of the ... More


The Meaning of Educational Exchange: The Nationalist Exceptionalism of Fulbright’s Liberal Internationalism

Sam Lebovic

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines Fulbright’s theories of cultural exchange to understand the substance and assumptions of his commitment to liberal internationalism. It shows that his assumption that ... More


‘Free gift’ or ‘infiltration’?: Negotiating the Fulbright Agreement

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Australian Fulbright program began in a period of deepening Cold War tensions. US suspicions of the Australian Labor Party government and Australian negotiators’ suspicions of US cultural ... More


‘Bright scientific moles’ v. ‘goodwill ambassador extroverts’: Choosing a Fulbright scholar

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Tensions between Australia and the US over administration of the Fulbright program soon became apparent in contests over which researchers should be given awards. The US retained control over the ... More


‘Meeting [our] domestic Communism problem’: Cold War governance and the public university

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

During the Cold War the Fulbright program was considered an effective arm of US ‘soft power’ and cultural diplomacy. The US saw Australia as strategically valuable in the Asia-Pacific region of the ... More


‘A steady stream of new problems’: Politics and teething issues

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Australian Fulbright program was implemented after the election of the Menzies’ Liberal Party government. As Australia’s Cold War deepened the Menzies government signed other treaties with the ... More


‘Mutual benefit’ v. ‘the needs of the country’: Programming academic fields

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

A vital aspect of the Fulbright program’s history is showing how the program influenced changes, especially in the development of academic fields. The field of research emphases in awards reveals how ... More


The Limits of Liberal Internationalism: The Fulbright Program in Africa

Hannah Higgin

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses how Fulbright’s views on race complicated American exchange programs with African nations in the 1960s. At the height of the civil rights movement, Presidents Kennedy and ... More


From ‘White Australia’ to ‘the race question in America’: Confronting racial diversity

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

How did the Fulbright program evolve in relation to the challenge of racial diversity? For the first several decades of the Fulbright program Australia had a mass immigration program and a White ... More


Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book recounts the history of the Fulbright Program in Australia, locating academic exchange in the context of US cultural diplomacy and revealing a complex relationship between governments, ... More


§ American National Identity and French Student Life: Politicization and Educational Reform in the 1960s

in Internationalism, National Identities, and Study Abroad: France and the United States, 1890-1970

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762533
eISBN:
9780804773386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762533.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores how national politics and educational reforms affected educational exchanges in the 1960s and early 1970s, at a time when study abroad was already well established. During this ... More


Tactful Visitor, Scientific Observer, or 100 Percent Patriot?: Ambassadorship in the Australia-US Fulbright Program

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The meaning of ambassadorship within the Fulbright program has been difficult to define over its seventy-year history. In the Australian Fulbright program, scholars had to negotiate a complex ... More


The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Alessandro Brogi, Giles Scott-Smith, and Snyder David J. (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology offers a fresh retrospective on the influential career of Senator J. William Fulbright, a leading foreign policy thinker and the ... More


‘Just because one is a woman’: Forging careers and changing the gender landscape

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Women were recipients of awards under the Fulbright program from the first year of its existence in Australia. They were keen to take advantage of the opportunity for educational exchange and in ... More


‘In the climate of continuing financial restraint’: Finding a sustainable future in the neo-liberal university

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0011
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The impact of neo-liberalism on the university sector had profound consequences for the Fulbright program’s ability to support academic research. Binationalism had meant the Australian Fulbright ... More


Empire of Ideas: The Origins of Public Diplomacy and the Transformation of U. S. Foreign Policy

Justin Hart

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199777945
eISBN:
9780190254483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777945.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book examines the origins of the U.S. government's programs in public diplomacy and the way that those initiatives transformed the foreign policy process. Spanning the period from 1936 to 1953, ... More


Introduction

Alessandro Brogi, Giles Scott-Smith, and David J. Snyder

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

While the ideological inspiration of Woodrow Wilson on American liberal internationalism has been well investigated, less well understood are subsequent influences within the defining ideology of the ... More


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