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Senior Officials in Austria

Barbara Liegl and Wolfgang C. Müller

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

First provides an overview of the formal structure of the civil service in post‐war Austria and the position of senior officials within it. Includes a discussion of recent changes aimed at making the ... More


The Senior Civil Service in the Netherlands: A Quest for Unity

Frits M. Van Der Meer and Jos C. N. Raadschelders

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Dutch society takes pride in its egalitarian character, and political and administrative officeholders are neither separated off nor placed on a pedestal. This general attitude originates in the ... More


Senior Officials in the Danish Central Administration: From Bureaucrats to Policy Professionals and Managers

Hanne Nexø Jensen and Tim Knudsen

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Danish senior civil service has a mixture of older and newer traditions, in which history and tradition are very important. Accordingly, this chapter starts by summarizing the historical ... More


The Welfare State Managers: Senior Civil Servants in Sweden

Jon Pierre and Peter Ehn

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first part of this chapter discusses retrenchment, recent institutional changes, and senior civil servants in Sweden; it attributes the recent changes in the senior civil service to the budgetary ... More


Marriage and Happiness

Bruno S. Frey

in Happiness: A Revolution in Economics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062770
eISBN:
9780262273213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062770.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter considers an important question in the economics of marriage: whether happy people are more likely to get married, or whether marriage makes people happy and increases their well-being ... More


Who Are the Ministers?

Despina Alexiadou

in Ideologues, Partisans, and Loyalists: Ministers and Policymaking in Parliamentary Cabinets

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198755715
eISBN:
9780191816864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755715.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

How are the ministerial types operationalized and why? Who are the cabinet ministers under study? What are their professional and political profiles? Chapter 3 addresses all these questions by ... More


Motive Powers and Mechanisms

Frederick Dalzell

in Engineering Invention: Frank J. Sprague and the U.S. Electrical Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042567
eISBN:
9780262258708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042567.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter examines the motivations and inspirations behind Frank Sprague's inventions. It provides information on Sprague's family and educational background, and highlights the influence of the ... More


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