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Educational attainment in the European Union: recent trends in qualification patterns

Walter Müller and Maarten H. J. Wolbers

in Transitions from Education to Work in Europe: The Integration of Youth into EU Labour Markets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199252473
eISBN:
9780191601958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252475.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Describes the educational qualifications of young people entering European labour markets as the key individual determinant of successful school-to-work transitions. It analyses the institutional and ... More


Why Did Class Inequalities in Educational Attainment Remain Unchanged over Much of the Twentieth Century?

Richard Breen

in Understanding Social Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter is concerned with changes in the level of educational attainment in Britain. It discusses and evaluates sociology's contribution to understanding class inequalities in educational ... More


Sociopolitical Changes and Inequality in Educational Opportunities in China: Two Different Trends, 1940–2001

Li Chunling

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the relationship between social class and university entrance in the People's Republic of China during a period of major economic change towards the end of the last century. The ... More


Recent Trends in Intergenerational Occupational Class Reproduction in the Netherlands 1970–99

Harry B. G. Ganzeboom and Ruud Luijkx

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The Netherlands has moved from being a comparatively closed society in the 1950s towards a relatively open one around 2000. Analysing occupational class mobility for men and for women in the labour ... More


Conclusions

Richard Breen and Ruud Luijkx

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Summarizes the findings of the previous 12 empirical chapters and discusses issues in the development of explanatory theories of social mobility. The chapter also addresses two sorts of explanation ... More


Social Class and Educational Inequality in South Korea

Kwang‐Yeong Shin and Byoung‐Hoon Lee

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter applies log-linear models to investigate the effects of fathers' social class on children's educational attainment in South Korea. It shows that with respect to educational attainment, ... More


Education: Trends

Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

in Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292401
eISBN:
9780191684913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the changes in the influence of social origins on educational attainment and the relationship between qualifications gained and class of labour-market entry and destination. It ... More


Equality at a Halt? Social Mobility in Sweden, 1976–99

Jan O. Jonsson

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Social structural change has meant that ‘higher’ social classes–primarily, the service classes–have increased in numbers during the last 25 years in Sweden, while the working class has decreased. ... More


Education

John Knight and Lina Song

in The Rural-Urban Divide: Economic Disparities and Interactions in China

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293309
eISBN:
9780191684975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293309.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses that, between urban and rural China, there are great differences in income, welfare levels, and opportunities for self-fulfilment, as well as educational provision and ... More


Meritocracy

Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

in Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292401
eISBN:
9780191684913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines three aspects of meritocracy with respect to inequality and social justice. It finds that the direct effect of origins on class destinations has declined over the past twenty ... More


Unequal at the Starting Line: The Intergenerational Persistence of Political Inequality

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter takes into account information about parents' education and political involvement and about the home political environment, which adds another dimension to the persistence of ... More


Religion and Educational Attainment: A Micro View

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

in Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

Too often, the macro-level picture obscures reality at micro level. It is particularly true in the context of complex issues of disparities in access to educational opportunities. The macro-level ... More


Gender, Perceptions of Opportunity, and Investment in Schooling

Angel L. Harris

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the gap between young men and young women in educational attainment. In several countries, young women are more engaged in their education and are completing credentials at ... More


Does Education Really Help?: Skill, Work, and Inequality

Edward N. Wolff

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189964
eISBN:
9780199850792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189964.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This book challenges the conventional wisdom that greater schooling and skill improvement leads to higher wages, that income inequality falls with wider access to schooling, and that the Information ... More


Sociology of Educational Inequality in India: A Critique and a New Research Agenda

Geetha B. Nambissan and S. Srinivasa Rao

in Sociology of Education in India: Changing Contours and Emerging Concerns

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082866
eISBN:
9780199082254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082866.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter explores the sociological aspects of educational inequality in India. There is little coherent understanding of changing patterns of educational inequality, and few clear-cut pointers to ... More


Skills

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Educational attainment is a good predictor of individuals' employment and earnings. In the standard view, this is because education is a useful measure of skills, which in turn are a key determinant ... More


Middle-class Losers?: The Role of Emotion in Educational Careers in Hong Kong

Yi‐Lee Wong

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on some so-called middle-class losers: seventeen students of a middle-class origin selected from a qualitative study of community-college students in contemporary Hong Kong. They ... More


Postwar Trends in Income, Earnings, and Schooling

Edward N. Wolff

in Does Education Really Help?: Skill, Work, and Inequality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189964
eISBN:
9780199850792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189964.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to consider whether government investment in education and training would be more or less effective at alleviating economic inequality ... More


Educational Influences

Arland Thornton, William G. Axinn, and Yu Xie

in Marriage and Cohabitation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226798660
eISBN:
9780226798684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226798684.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Because marriage in Western societies historically meant the establishment of independent households and economic units, couples who wanted to marry required the earning capacity to maintain ... More


Education in Middle America

Robert Wuthnow

in Remaking the Heartland: Middle America since the 1950s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146119
eISBN:
9781400836246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146119.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter focuses on education in middle America. Education fitting the needs and aspirations of its citizens was an important aspect of life in heartland states from the start. Country schools, ... More


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