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A Cop on Every Corner?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Before the 1960s crime wave, American police officers were little trained and spent much of their time responding to citizen calls about crime. A Law Enforcement Education Program (LEEP) in the 1970s ... More


Reinventing Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the uncertainties faced by the Head Start program under the Nixon administration and the author's effort to improve Head Start. At the Office of Child Development (OCD), the ... More


Adolescents and HIV and AIDS: Population Demographics and Prevention Strategies

Theodore J. Stein

in The Social Welfare of Women and Children with HIV and AIDS: Legal Protections, Policy, and Programs

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195109429
eISBN:
9780199865772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109429.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter focuses on HIV and AIDS in adolescents and programs aimed at educating young people about HIV and AIDS. The chapter is divided into three parts. Part I discusses the incidence and ... More


The Two Roots of Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the planning of the Head Start program. To the planners, the purpose of Head Start was optimal child development, resulting in improved school readiness. The Community Action ... More


President Jimmy Carter, Head Start’s Misunderstood Friend

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on how President Carter never received the credit he deserved for his Head Start actions. The program's budget nearly doubled during his 4 years in office, and his White House ... More


Family Education

Harriet P. Lefley

in Family Psychoeducation for Serious Mental Illness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340495
eISBN:
9780199863792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340495.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

Family education (FE) shares uniformities of content with FPE but differs in length, format, target group, and expected outcomes. Ranging from six to twelve weeks, FE is group education targeted to ... More


George W. Bush versus Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under George W. Bush's administration. The Bush administration's stewardship of Head Start and several other children's programs including ... More


Head Start’s Golden Years under the Clinton Administration

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under the Clinton administration. President Clinton was just as strong a supporter of Head Start at the end of his administration as he was ... More


Head Start’s Early Years

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the early years of the Head Start program. As Head Start moved from the drawing board to the set-up phase, it very quickly brought out the best in Americans. Head Start's huge ... More


How We Help Preparing Inmates for Release

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter documents the decline of inmate participation in prison work, treatment, and education programs. It considers these trends in light of the growing amount of research documenting what ... More


Six Major Gang Control Programs

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter takes a close look at some of the largest and most prominent attempts at prevention, intervention, and suppression of gang activities. These include the Illinois attorney general's ... More


Does Head Start Work? Does it Work Enough?

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the performance of the Head Start program. It argues that based on the criteria of eradicating poverty or eliminating the achievement gap, Head Start is clearly a failure. Judged ... More


Deploying the Lessons in Head Start’s History

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the accomplishments of the Head Start program. At the top of the list of Head Start's contributions is the fact that it was the trailblazer for our nation's huge investment in ... More


George H. W. Bush, the “Education President”

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under George H. W. Bush's administration. Head Start received a great deal of additional money during President Bush's term, but actual ... More


The Predawn of Head Start: Beginnings of Early Childhood Intervention

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers the elements of the philosophy underlying Head Start's conception and design. Efforts to help poor children's early learning can be traced back at least to the 17th century and ... More


Coaxing Science to the Rescue

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In Washington, studies are contracted to research companies, many of which are quite professional and follow the procedures described above. The findings, however, are rarely peer-reviewed before ... More


The Failed Union of Head Start and Child Care

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes events during the late 1960s and early 1970s that came within a breath of expanding and joining Head Start to a national child care system. This system would have been a giant ... More


Ronald Reagan “Saves” Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under the Reagan administration. Reagan's conservative views, his disdain for social programs, and his voiced desire for a smaller federal ... More


Changing Hearts and Minds: Information, Peace Education, Deradicalization, and Public Education in Rwanda and the Congo

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses how public education can change attitudes, beliefs, and behavior. Public education can include lectures and workshops, literature, various media, and the Internet. It also has ... More


A Conflict of Cultures

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter details the author's experiences upon becoming director of the Office of Child Development (OCD). Until his arrival in Washington, he had never experienced any sense of inferiority and ... More


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