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The Literati

Yuri Pines

in The Everlasting Empire: The Political Culture of Ancient China and Its Imperial Legacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134956
eISBN:
9781400842278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134956.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the intellectuals' voluntary attachment to the ruler's service as their single most significant choice. It elucidates both the advantages of this choice and its price. Having ... More


Reasserting Control: The Regulation of Mass Culture

Corey Ross

in Media and the Making of Modern Germany: Mass Communications, Society, and Politics from the Empire to the Third Reich

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278213
eISBN:
9780191707933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278213.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers one major aspect of the heterogeneous responses of cultural and political elites to the rise of the media and burgeoning entertainment industry. It focuses on efforts, above ... More


Experiencing the New Order: In Search of an Identity, 1775–1890

Anindita Mukhopadhyay

in Behind The Mask: The Cultural Definition of the Legal Subject in Colonial Bengal (1715-1911)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195680836
eISBN:
9780199080700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195680836.003.0020
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter examines the need of the educated middle class to establish themselves as an ‘aware legal subject’, as they experienced a different formation of a public sphere that came with the ... More


Procreation and Patronage in the Song Chan School

Morten Schlütter

in How Zen Became Zen: The Dispute over Enlightenment and the Formation of Chan Buddhism in Song-Dynasty China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832551
eISBN:
9780824870720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832551.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter argues that the patronage of the educated elite was also critically important to the success of the Chan school and its individual lineages. In the Song, support from members of the ... More


Introduction: Travel, Culture, and the Song Literati

Cong Ellen Zhang

in Transformative Journeys: Travel and Culture in Song China

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833992
eISBN:
9780824870522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833992.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter examines the correlations between Song-era travel, culture, and a new elite—the scholar-official class. It indicates the extent to which learning, culture, and bureaucratic ... More


Loose Canons

Benjamin R. Barber

in An Aristocracy of Everyone: The Politics of Education and the Future of America

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195091540
eISBN:
9780199854172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195091540.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the education canon in the U.S. in relation to the teaching of liberty. It suggests that the canon and its detractors are not so far apart because it was the canon that produced ... More


The Birth of Modern India

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947: A Short History

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195627985
eISBN:
9780199080670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

The first section of this chapter discusses the rise of a new leadership. The second section describes the rediscovery of India’s past. The third section describes Raja Rammohan Roy. The fourth ... More


A Transient Life: Travel and the Song Literati

Cong Ellen Zhang

in Transformative Journeys: Travel and Culture in Song China

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833992
eISBN:
9780824870522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833992.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter highlights the impact civil service examinations had on the physical mobility of Song scholar-officials. It shows that not only did an attraction to examination learning and court ... More


Printing, Learning, and the Unlearned

Anna Bayman

in The Oxford History of Popular Print Culture: Volume One: Cheap Print in Britain and Ireland to 1660

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199287048
eISBN:
9780191803468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199287048.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter discusses the connection between the educated elite and the uneducated when it came to the dissemination of ideas and information through print materials. The materials were largely ... More


Regionalism and the Reading Class

Wendy Griswold

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226309224
eISBN:
9780226309262
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309262.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Globalization and the Internet are smothering cultural regionalism, that sense of place that flourished in simpler times. These two villains are also prime suspects in the death of reading. Or so ... More


Apprenticed to Ranade

B. R. Nanda

in Gokhale: The Indian Moderates and the British Raj

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195647518
eISBN:
9780199081400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Western education directed the thoughts of Poona’s rising generation of Chitpavan Brahmans towards greater participation in the government of their own country through representative institutions. ... More


Epilogue: A Prophet without Honour?

Edwin Hirschmann

in Robert Knight: Reforming Editor in Victorian India

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195696226
eISBN:
9780199080557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195696226.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter describes Anglo-Indian newspapers' reactions to Knight's death, the fate of his family, and that of the Statesman. In concludes that, as Robert Knight had foreseen, it was the ... More


The Scottish Enlightenment in Edinburgh

Margaret C. Jacob

in The Secular Enlightenment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691161327
eISBN:
9780691189123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161327.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter assesses how the eighteenth century in Scotland witnessed a secular Enlightenment different from those found in Paris or London. For one thing, size mattered. The largest city in ... More


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