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Ecosystem Function and Dynamics

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the distinction between ecosystem function and ecosystem dynamics. Ecosystem function refers to the manner in which the ecosystem of interest works, and interactions among its ... More


Opening communities to colonization – the impacts of invaders on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Katharina Engelhardt, Amy Symstad, Anne-Helene Prieur-Richard, Matthew Thomas, and Daniel E. Bunker

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Research on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning typically varies biodiversity levels by establishing communities that are subsets of the species in the high diversity ... More


Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Shahid Naeem, Daniel E. Bunker, Andy Hector, Michel Loreau, and Charles Perrings (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

How will biodiversity loss affect ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, and human wellbeing? In an age of accelerating biodiversity loss, this volume summarizes recent advances in ... More


Forecasting decline in ecosystem services under realistic scenarios of extinction

J. Emmett Duffy, Diane S. Srivastava, Jennie McLaren, Mahesh Sankaran, Martin Solan, John Griffin, Mark Emmerson, and Kate E. Jones

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Biodiversity-Ecosystem functioning research remains incompletely integrated with practical conservation by inadequately incorporating the deterministic nature of biodiversity change, which ... More


Biodiversity as spatial insurance: the effects of habitat fragmentation and dispersal on ecosystem functioning

Andrew Gonzalez, Nicolas Mouquet, and Michel Loreau

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Habitat destruction and fragmentation is driving biodiversity loss at local and regional scales, yet the functional effects of this loss are poorly understood. Here, this chapter reviews several ... More


Can we predict the effects of global change on biodiversity loss and ecosystem functioning?

Shahid Naeem, Daniel E. Bunker, Andy Hector, Michel Loreau, and Charles Perrings

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The efficacy and practicability of an idea, and the will of individuals or society to explore it, determine whether it catalyzes change or merely enters the vast store of quiescent ideas that make up ... More


Consequences of species loss for ecosystem functioning: meta-analyses of data from biodiversity experiments

Bernhard Schmid, Patricia Balvanera, Bradley J. Cardinale, Jasmin Godbold, Andrea B. Pfisterer, David Raffaelli, Martin Solan, and Diane S. Srivastava

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

A large number of studies have now explicitly examined the relationship between species loss and ecosystem function. Analyzed by two independent groups, the results from such experiments show that ... More


Microbial biodiversity and ecosystem functioning under controlled conditions and in the wild

Thomas Bell, Mark O. Gessner, Robert I. Griffiths, Jennie R. McLaren, Peter J. Morin, Marcel van der Heijden, and Wim H. van der Putten

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Primary production and decomposition by microbial communities underpins the functioning of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Microbial communities also provide economically important services such ... More


Biodiversity-ecosystem function research and biodiversity futures: early bird catches the worm or a day late and a dollar short?

Martin Solan, Jasmin A. Godbold, Amy Symstad, Dan F. B. Flynn, and Daniel E. Bunker

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Articulating the appropriate interpretation of biodiversity-ecosystem function research is fundamental to providing a tenable solution to the biodiversity crisis, but the gradual dissemination of ... More


Biodiversity and the stability of ecosystem functioning

John N. Griffin, Eoin J. O’Gorman, Mark C. Emmerson, Stuart R. Jenkins, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Michel Loreau, and Amy Symstad

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Concern that the rapid anthropogenic erosion of biodiversity may undermine the delivery of ecosystem services has prompted a synthesis of community and ecosystem ecology over the last decade. ... More


Biodiversity, Distributions, and Extinction

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem function and stability. This subject is currently one of the most intensely studied topics in ecology. It is also of ... More


Landscape Effects on Ecosystem Structure and Function

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Landscape ecosystem ecology is concerned with the study of how landscape structure affects ecosystem structure and function, and how landscape heterogeneity in turn is generated or sustained by the ... More


Ant Diversity and Function in Disturbed and Changing Habitats

Stacy M. Philpott, Ivette Perfecto, Inge Armbrecht, and Catherine L. Parr

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Habitat transformation and disturbance are important threats to biodiversity conservation and ecosystem function, and can strongly affect ant communities. As with other animal communities, ... More


Biodiversity and biogeography

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the intersecting questions of biodiversity and biogeography: what determines the diversity and distribution of mangrove and seagrass species throughout the world? Topics covered ... More


Ecological consequences of declining biodiversity: a biodiversity–ecosystem function (BEF) framework for marine systems

Shahid Naeem

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the significance of marine biodiversity in relation to marine ecosystem functioning. It proposes a biodiversity-ecosystem function (BEF) framework for marine systems and how it ... More


Three Approaches to the Teleological and Normative Aspects of Ecological Functions

Gregory J. Cooper, Charbel N. El-Hani, and Nei F. Nunes-Neto

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ecosystem function is the central use of function in ecology. In this work we examine the light that can be shed on ecosystem functions by three philosophical analyses of the concept of function: the ... More


Implementing an ecosystem approach: predicting and safeguarding marine biodiversity futures

Alison R. Holt, Caroline Hattam, Stephen Mangi, Anton Edwards, and Scot Mathieson

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The relationships between marine biodiversity and ecosystem functioning raise the possibility that the loss of biodiversity will have serious consequences for humans, who obtain a variety of ... More


Ecosystem Function

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores how the mathematical frameworks, empirical methods, and predictions introduced for community structure can be extended to ecosystem function. Also outlined is an alternative ... More


Ecosystem function and co-evolution of terminology in marine science and management

David M. Paterson, Emma C Defew, and Julia Jabour

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses ecosystem function and the co-evolution of terminology in marine science and management. It first presents various definitions of ecosystem function before discussing ways of ... More


Extending the approaches of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning to the deep ocean

Roberto Danovaro

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The size of the deep sea and the sub-seabed biosphere makes deep-sea ecosystems an enormous reservoir of biomass on Earth. As depth increases, the larger benthic components (that is, megafauna) as ... More


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