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Marine Food Webs: Conceptual Development of a Central Research Paradigm

Bruce Menge

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the history of recent scientific understanding of food webs, particularly shallow water food webs. The chapter outlines a history of key papers ranging from Elton to the most ... More


Biogeography and Phylogenetic Community Structure of Soil Invertebrate Ecosystem Engineers: Global to Local Patterns, Implications for Ecosystem Functioning and Services and Global Environmental Change Impacts

Lijbert Brussaard, Duur K. Aanen, Maria J.I. Briones, Thibaud Decaëns, Gerlinde B. De Deyn, Tom M. Fayle, Samuel W. James, and Tânia Nobre

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter assesses the global-to-local scale geographical patterns of the diversity of soil invertebrate ecosystem engineers, beginning with an account of macroecological patterns in soil ... More


Ecosystem Influences of Fungus-Growing Termites in the Dry Paleotropics

Gregor W. Schuurman

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Macrotermitinae are a sub-family of termites known for their digestive mutualism with a monophyletic group of basidiomycetes or white-rot-fungi (Termitomyces spp.). This fungus-growing strategy has ... More


Disease can shape marine ecosystems

Joseph P. Morton, Brian R. Silliman, and Kevin D. Lafferty

in Marine Disease Ecology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198821632
eISBN:
9780191860942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821632.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews how marine ecosystems respond to parasites. Evidence from several marine ecosystems shows that parasites can wield control over ecosystem structure, function, and dynamics by ... More


Regime shifts

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter lays the foundation for investigating system regimes and potential regime shifts (fundamental changes of ecosystem structure and feedbacks, with long-lasting effects on native ... More


Invertebrates: Past and Current Invasions

Elizabeth D. Brusati

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Introduced organisms have become the dominant invertebrate species in San Francisco Bay marshes and associated mudflats. This chapter focuses on epifaunal (surface-dwelling) and benthic infaunal ... More


Maker of Landscapes: Creating Habitat for Plants, Animals, and People

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter explains how beavers create habitat for plants, people, and other animals. As “ecosystem engineers,” beavers affect their ecosystem by damming up water and removing trees. The stored ... More


Manipulation of plant phenotypes by insects and insect-borne pathogens

Mark C. Mescher

in Host Manipulation by Parasites

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642236
eISBN:
9780191774621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642236.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Plants dominate the biomass of terrestrial ecosystems and lie at the centre of most community interaction webs. Consequently, changes in plant phenotypes induced by manipulative parasites have ... More


Habitat construction and functional feedbacks: How organisms modify their external conditions

Sonia E. Sultan

in Organism and Environment: Ecological Development, Niche Construction, and Adaptation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199587070
eISBN:
9780191814013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587070.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Developmental Biology

The presence and activities of organisms inevitably modify their external environments. These habitat construction effects in turn influence the organisms’ function and evolution in the modified ... More


Community Structure and Dynamics

Peter J. Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716549
eISBN:
9780191802676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Mangroves exist in a range of environmental settings, which determine forest structure; gradients in physical variables such as salinity determine species distribution within a mangrove forest. ... More


The Mangrove Community: Marine Components

Peter J. Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716549
eISBN:
9780191802676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Marine organisms such as barnacles and sponges settle on mangrove stems, aerial roots, pneumatophores, and seedlings, where they may block lenticels and impede growth and survival. Crabs, ... More


Wet Meadows: Not Too Dry, Not Too Wet

Catherine Owen Koning, Sharon M. Ashworth, and Catherine Owen Koning

in Wading Right In: Discovering the Nature of Wetlands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226554211
eISBN:
9780226554495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The authors’ own adventures in wetland research give the reader a feel for traversing a wet meadow before the chapter presents an overview of the ecology of wet meadows. Such wetlands, if ... More


Stuck in the Muck: Bogs and Fens

Catherine Owen Koning, Sharon M. Ashworth, and Catherine Owen Koning

in Wading Right In: Discovering the Nature of Wetlands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226554211
eISBN:
9780226554495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Bogs and fens are peatlands, which have different water sources and ecological development. Researchers use cues from the vegetation zonation and species to understand the hydrology, history and ... More


Community-level consequences of habitat construction and eco-devo responses

Sonia E. Sultan

in Organism and Environment: Ecological Development, Niche Construction, and Adaptation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199587070
eISBN:
9780191814013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587070.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Developmental Biology

The complex ecological interactions that structure natural communities are shaped by organismic effects on external environments (habitat construction) and by individual phenotypic adjustments ... More


Pond-Meadow-Forest, Repeat: The Beaver’s Tale

Catherine Owen Koning, Sharon M. Ashworth, and Catherine Owen Koning

in Wading Right In: Discovering the Nature of Wetlands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226554211
eISBN:
9780226554495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Beavers have numerous adaptations to being active underwater, and their food consumption habits and dam-building activities change the landscape for decades. Beaver dams create ponds with deep water ... More


The organism–environment relationship: Ecological niches, adaptation, eco-devo, and niche construction

Sonia E. Sultan

in Organism and Environment: Ecological Development, Niche Construction, and Adaptation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199587070
eISBN:
9780191814013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587070.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Developmental Biology

As G. G. Simpson wrote, organisms and their environments are “not really separable.” This chapter examines the biologically intimate organism–environment relationship. It begins by critiquing the ... More


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