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Ecosystem Function and Dynamics

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the distinction between ecosystem function and ecosystem dynamics. Ecosystem function refers to the manner in which the ecosystem of interest works, and interactions among its ... More


Ocean ecosystem responses to future global change scenarios: a way forward

Shin‐ichi Ito, Kenneth A. Rose, Arthur J. Miller, Ken Drinkwater, Keith Brander, James E. Overland, Svein Sundby, Enrique Curchitser, James W. Hurrell, and Yasuhiro Yamanaka

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Available evidence of recent climate‐induced physical and chemical changes in the oceans is summarized, including changes in sea temperatures, nutrient supply, mixing and circulation, trace element ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Global environmental change, which includes climate change, biodiversity loss, changes in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, and intensive exploitation of natural resources, is having ... More


Food Webs as Complex Adaptive Systems

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines some of the potential empirical signatures of instability in complex adaptive food webs. It first considers the role of adaptive behavior on food web topology, ecosystem size, ... More


Climate forcing, food web structure, and community dynamics in pelagic marine ecosystems

L. Ciannelli, D. Ø. Hjermann, P. Lehodey, G. Ottersen, J. T. Duffy-Anderson, and N. C. Stenseth

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The Eastern Bering Sea (EBS), the Gulf of Alaska (GOA), and the Barents Sea (BS) share key features: they are dominated by gadoids populations, they are heavily fished, and they are under the ... More


Ecological network analysis: an escape from the machine

Robert E. Ulanowicz

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Recent advances in the theory of complexity have engendered a shift away from ‘physicalism’, where all nature is reducible to fundamental physical laws towards ‘naturalism’, where natural phenomena ... More


Brief Remarks on Some Especially Important Considerations

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This concluding chapter argues that Earth's climate is warming at a pace that may very well be unprecedented, and it is doing so from a higher baseline average temperature than that which was the ... More


How Does Nutrition Structure Ecosystems?

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter assesses the consequences of individual nutrition for populations and the assemblages of species that comprise ecological communities. However, the ecological consequences of nutrition ... More


A Caribbean Forest Tapestry: The Multidimensional Nature of Disturbance and Response

Nicholas Brokaw, Todd Crowl, Ariel Lugo, William McDowell, Frederick Scatena, Robert Waide, and Michael Willig (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195334692
eISBN:
9780190267742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195334692.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Global change threatens ecosystems worldwide, and tropical systems with their high diversity and rapid development are of special concern. We can mitigate the impacts of change if we understand how ... More


Disease can shape marine ecosystems

Joseph P. Morton, Brian R. Silliman, and Kevin D. Lafferty

in Marine Disease Ecology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198821632
eISBN:
9780191860942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821632.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews how marine ecosystems respond to parasites. Evidence from several marine ecosystems shows that parasites can wield control over ecosystem structure, function, and dynamics by ... More


Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Health: The Past as a Key to the Future

Anthony D. Barnosky

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Porcupine Cave has produced an astounding number of fossils. More than 20,000 identified specimens of fossil vertebrates were distributed over more than 200,000 years, spanning at least two ... More


Introduction

James K. Agee

in Steward's Fork: A Sustainable Future for the Klamath Mountains

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251250
eISBN:
9780520933798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251250.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This book explores the ecosystem dynamics of the Klamath Mountains, with their complex geologic history and diverse flora and fauna. It describes the natural disturbances and human activities that ... More


Gray Whales in the Bering and Chukchi Seas

RAYMOND C. HIGHSMITH, KENNETH O COYLE, BODIL A BLUHM, and BRENDA KONAR

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Among the large cetaceans, gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) are unique in three important ways: They are benthic feeders; they undertake one of the longest migrations of any mammal; and they may ... More


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