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NIS in innovation and technology policy research

Reijo Miettinen

in Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy: Towards an Enabling Welfare State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199692613
eISBN:
9780191750762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692613.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Political Economy

Chapter 3 analyzes the emergence and development of the concept of a national innovation system in innovation studies and in technology policy making. The concept was introduced in the late 1980s by ... More


The Economics of Artificial Intelligence: An Agenda

Ajay Agrawal, Joshua Gans, and Avi Goldfarb (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226613338
eISBN:
9780226613475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226613475.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Recent advances in artificial intelligence (AI) highlight its potential to affect productivity, growth, inequality, market power, innovation, and employment. In September 2017, the National Bureau of ... More


The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited

Josh Lerner and Scott Stern (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226473031
eISBN:
9780226473062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473062.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

While the importance of innovation to economic development is widely understood, the conditions conducive to it remain the focus of much attention. This volume offers theoretical and empirical ... More


Organizational Effects of Intellectual Property (Macro Level)

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter describes how the level of IP protection impacts firms’ choices in organizing the innovation and commercialization process, which in turn influences the structure of the innovation ... More


Organizational Effects of Intellectual Property (Micro Level)

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter identifies real-world circumstances in which secure IP rights are a precondition for innovation specialists to extract value from R&D investments, given the ability of large integrated ... More


An Organizational History of the U.S. Patent System

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter presents a novel organizational history of the U.S. patent system during 1890–2006. Based on a division of U.S. patent history into two strong-patent/weak-antitrust periods (1890 to ... More


Conclusion

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

For more than a decade, U.S. courts, legislators, and antitrust regulators have sought to weaken IP protections in technology markets. An organizational approach to IP analysis raises doubts about ... More


Dynamic Analysis of Intellectual Property

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter proposes a dynamic approach to IP analysis that assesses the effects of changes in the strength of IP rights by anticipating firms’ ability to adopt alternative non-IP mechanisms for ... More


Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Jonathan M. Barnett

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This book presents a theoretical, historical, and empirical account of the relationship between intellectual property (IP) rights, organizational type, and market structure. Patents expand ... More


Introduction

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This introduction describes how the book examines the relationships between IP rights, organizational form, and market structure, using a combination of theoretical analysis and empirical evidence ... More


Exploding the Supply Chain: Strong Patents and Vertical Disintegration

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter describes the relationship between secure patent enforcement, the disaggregation of technology supply chains, and reduced entry barriers in three core segments of the modern innovation ... More


Organizational Perspectives on Intellectual-Property Reform

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter presents a novel organizational perspective on “patent reform” in the U.S. Supreme Court, Congress, and the federal courts during 2006–2020. Debates between proponents of strong and ... More


Why Incumbents (Usually) Prefer Weak Intellectual-Property Rights

Jonathan M. Barnett

in Innovators, Firms, and Markets: The Organizational Logic of Intellectual Property

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190908591
eISBN:
9780190908621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908591.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter challenges the conventional assumption that incumbents in technology markets lobby for strong IP rights to erect entry barriers and capture market rents. In the railroad industry in the ... More


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