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The Russian Transition through the Historical Looking-glass: Gradual versus Abrupt Decontrol of Economic Systems in Britain and Russia

Christopher Davis and James Foreman-Peck

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter compares the Russian economic transition in the 1990s with the level of economic control in Britain following two world wars. It considers four economic systems in the UK, the USSR, and ... More


The political economy of women’s human rights*: Problems of gender, violence, development and labour

Jacqui True

in The Role of Labour Standards in Development: From theory to sustainable practice?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264911
eISBN:
9780191754098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264911.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter examines the question of whether there is a relationship between women's poor access to productive resources such as land, property, income, employment, technology, credit, and education, ... More


Monetary Policy and the Euro

Loukas Tsoukalis

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter first briefly traces the history of European monetary integration. It then examines: the politics and economics of the Maastricht Treaty and Economic and Monetary Union/European Monetary ... More


The Evolution of Institutions and Policies

John Knight

in China's Remarkable Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698691
eISBN:
9780191739118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698691.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Financial Economics

This chapter provides a brief economic history of the transition to a market economy in China. It begins in Section 3.2, with a brief account of the period of central planning. Section 3.3 examines ... More


Understanding the Past to Reshape the Future: Problems of South Africa’s Transition

Francis Wilson

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter considers the problems of economic transition in South Africa. It begins by discussing the country's economic problems and their historical roots. It describes some of the major factors ... More


Informal Institutions, Social Capital, and Economic Transition: Reflections on a Neglected Dimension

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Vladimir Popov (eds)

in Transition and Institutions: The Experience of Gradual and Late Reformers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242184
eISBN:
9780191697043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242184.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the role of informal institutions in economic transition. It argues that informal institutions complement formal institutions in reducing the costs of transactions and describes ... More


Vietnam: Transition as a Socialist Project in East Asia

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Vladimir Popov (eds)

in Transition and Institutions: The Experience of Gradual and Late Reformers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242184
eISBN:
9780191697043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242184.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses Vietnam's economic transition. It addresses the question of characterizing Vietnam's transition problems as one embedded into that of economic development and proposes the ... More


The Chinese Road to the Market: Achievements and Long-term Sustainability

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Vladimir Popov (eds)

in Transition and Institutions: The Experience of Gradual and Late Reformers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242184
eISBN:
9780191697043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242184.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the economic transition of China which began with the implementation of economic reforms in 1978. China followed the path of the so-called ‘dual track transition’, which means ... More


Angola’s Incomplete Transition

Renato Aguilar

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on Angola's difficulties in achieving macroeconomic stability and economic liberalization. It begins with a brief overview of Angola's economy and the country's economic ... More


Ethiopia’s New Financial Sector and its Regulation

Tony Addison and Alemayehu Geda

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the Ethiopia's financial development. It begins by discussing the main features of Ethiopia's financial development prior to 1991, focusing in particular on the policies of ... More


Social solidarity in post-socialist countries

Damir Josipovič

in Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847427274
eISBN:
9781447305552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427274.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter argues that recent socio-economic transitions have led to the erosion of solidarity in post-socialist countries, where economic imperatives of capitalism have pressed governments to ... More


Bulgaria

Kostova Dobrinka

in Europe enlarged: A handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420640
eISBN:
9781447302230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

During Bulgaria's political and economic transition, changes in its political institutions have been rapid and fundamental. However, Bulgaria's socioeconomic systems have changed much more slowly ... More


Informal Growth Determinants: Self-employment and Social Capital

Linda Yueh

in China's Growth: The Making of an Economic Superpower

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199205783
eISBN:
9780191752018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205783.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Starting self-employment, including the role played by social capital, is one of the most significant factors in understanding what has propelled China’s economic growth. These factors do not fit ... More


Challenges of Integrating Complexity and Evolution into Economics

Robert Axtell, Alan Kirman, Iain D. Couzin, Daniel Fricke, Thorsten Hens, Michael E. Hochberg, John E. Mayfield, Peter Schuster, and Rajiv Sethi

in Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Complex systems theory and evolutionary theory hold important insight for economics, yet to date they have played a limited role in shaping modern economic theory. This chapter reviews different ... More


Financing Constraints on the Private Sector in Postsocialist China

Yasheng Huang

in Socialism Vanquished, Socialism Challenged: Eastern Europe and China, 1989-2009

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895977
eISBN:
9780199980116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895977.003.0063
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter argues that since 1989–when the rest of centrally planned economies started fundamental economic and political reforms–China went backward in one important aspect of reforms–financial ... More


A Good Land: Molokai after the Mahele, 1845–1869

Wade Graham

in Braided Waters: Environment and Society in Molokai, Hawai'i

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520298590
eISBN:
9780520970656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520298590.003.0004
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter describes events from 1845 to 1869. By the time of the Mahele, much of Molokai was a shadow of its former self, its population having dropped steeply from a reported 6,000 in 1832 to ... More


Institutions

Stefan Voigt

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a look at transformation processes from the perspective of the new institutional economics (NIE). It briefly describes the main pillars of this research area, including its ... More


Economic Methods

Martin Myant and Jan Drahokoupil

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The contribution of economics to the study of transformations has been dominated by the assumptions and methods of neoclassical economics. Use of statistical methods to compare countries and time ... More


Expansion of Labour Laws in Bulgaria

Shelley Marshall

in Living Wage: Regulatory Solutions to Informal and Precarious Work in Global Supply Chains

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198830351
eISBN:
9780191868610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830351.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

By 2006, seven years after the transition to capitalism began, informal work in Bulgaria constituted somewhere between 20 per cent and 35 per cent of overall work. It was an entrenched feature of the ... More


Did Longer Lives Buy Economic Growth? From Malthus to Lucas and Ben-Porath

David de la Croix

in Demographic Change and Long-Run Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036627
eISBN:
9780262341660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036627.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter provides a detailed theoretical and empirical discussion of how increases in longevity can impact the formation of human capital by favoring the transmission of knowledge through longer ... More


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