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The Hindu Equilibrium: India c.1500 B.C. - 2000 A.D.

Deepak Lal

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199275793
eISBN:
9780191706097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275793.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

India is an emerging giant. This book explains its long economic stagnation and recent rise by examining its social, political, and historical evolution with a long-term perspective. It explains how ... More


International Economic Integration and the Changing Role of National Governments

Mića Panić

in The Role of the State in Economic Change

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289845
eISBN:
9780191684777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289845.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with the role of the national government as well as the creation of a supranational government. The authors say that if the operation of the market shall be left to the effective ... More


The Historical Spiral

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Discusses how Smith understood the moral foundations of political states, considers his theory that political power moved in a cycle, and discusses his theories of democracy, monarchy, and military ... More


The Indian Story in Modern Times

Kshama V. Kaushik and Kaushik Dutta

in India Means Business: How the Elephant Earned its Stripes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072614
eISBN:
9780199081592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072614.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the modern story of Indian business and economy. After two hundred years of colonial rule and relative economic stagnation, India has started to regain its lost glory in world ... More


Lessons of Recent Experience

Barry Eichengreen

in Financial Crises and What to Do About Them

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257430
eISBN:
9780191698453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257430.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the lessons that can be learned from recent experience of financial crises. The Argentinean and the Turkish financial crises affected different sectors but both experienced ... More


The Japanese Employment System after the Bubble Burst: New Evidence

Ryo Kambayashi and Takao Kato

in Japan's Bubble, Deflation, and Long-term Stagnation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014892
eISBN:
9780262289467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014892.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the changes in Japan’s employment system after 1997 and illustrates how the sensitivity of employment to macroeconomic fluctuations steadily increase in the wake of economic ... More


Hong Kong after the War

Stanley S.K. Kwan and Nicole Kwan

in The Dragon and the Crown: Hong Kong Memoirs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099555
eISBN:
9789882207530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099555.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses Hong Kong after its liberation from Japanese rule. After the surrender of Japanese rule, Hong Kong was once again reclaimed by Britain. Although China was hoping to reclaim ... More


Introduction: Historical Overview of Race and Poverty from Reconstruction to 1969

C. Michael Henry

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This introductory chapter focuses on the period of 1865 and 1970 to examine the historical factors that explain race and poverty amongst African Americans. These factors include economic stagnation ... More


Introduction: The Triple Challenge for Europe

Jan Fagerberg, Staffan Laestadius, and Ben R. Martin

in The Triple Challenge for Europe: Economic Development, Climate Change, and Governance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198747413
eISBN:
9780191809750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747413.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Europe is confronted by an intimidating triple challenge—economic stagnation, climate change, and a governance crisis. This introductory chapter demonstrates how the three challenges are closely ... More


The Triple Challenge for Europe: Economic Development, Climate Change, and Governance

Jan Fagerberg, Staffan Laestadius, and Ben R. Martin (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198747413
eISBN:
9780191809750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747413.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Europe is confronted by an intimidating triple challenge: economic stagnation, climate change, and a governance crisis. This book demonstrates how these three challenges are closely interrelated. In ... More


Time of Troubles: The Yen and Japan’s Economy, 1985–2008

Maurice Obstfeld

in Japan's Bubble, Deflation, and Long-term Stagnation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014892
eISBN:
9780262289467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014892.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Japan’s real economic growth rate generally shows a strong negative correlation with the level of the yen’s real effective exchange rate. In light of the development of Japan’s macroeconomy, however, ... More


Return of the American Financiers

JOHN MASON HART

in Empire and Revolution: The Americans in Mexico since the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223240
eISBN:
9780520939295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223240.003.0015
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter focuses on the return of American financiers to Mexico. During the 1980s and the 1990s Mexico suffered economic stagnation and was forced to adopt the strategy of selling private ... More


Natural Resources, Social Conflict, and Poverty Trap

Davide Fiaschi

in The Economics of Conflict: Theory and Empirical Evidence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026895
eISBN:
9780262321976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026895.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Countries with output concentrated in primary sectors often exhibit low growth rates. This chapter identifies the cause of stagnation of these economies where a high level of social conflict due to ... More


Economic Stagnation and Political Deadlock, 1976–1992

César J. Ayala and Rafael Bernabe

in Puerto Rico in the American Century: A History since 1898

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831137
eISBN:
9781469605609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895535_ayala.18
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines Puerto Rico's economic stagnation and the political standoff between Partido Popular Democrático (PPD) and a new statehood movement, armed with a new discourse and led by ... More


Japan's Security Renaissance: New Policies and Politics for the Twenty-First Century

Andrew L. Oros

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231172615
eISBN:
9780231542593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172615.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

For decades after World War II, Japan chose to focus on soft power and economic diplomacy alongside a close alliance with the United States, eschewing a potential leadership role in regional and ... More


Postcolonial Transformations in Africa in the Twentieth Century

Siegmar Schmidt

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines Africa’s transformation process, in which colonialism and postcolonialism are considered to be of prime importance in view of the fact that Africans fell victim to the ... More


Structural Impediments to Growth in Japan

Magnus Blomstrom, Jennifer Corbett, and Fumio Hayashi (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226060217
eISBN:
9780226060231
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226060231.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

As Japan's decade-long economic stagnation continues, there has been much analysis of the immediate macroeconomic problems that confront the Japanese economy. This book-length academic treatment of ... More


Japan’s Relative Decline and New Security Challenges in a Multipolar Asia

Andrew L. Oros

in Japan's Security Renaissance: New Policies and Politics for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231172615
eISBN:
9780231542593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172615.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines the decline of Japan's relative power in the Asian region from 2006-15 as a result of China's rise and the rise of other Asian states, with a focus on security implications for ... More


What Black Death was to Western Europe, Communism was to Central and Eastern Europe

Marcin Piatkowski

in Europe's Growth Champion: Insights from the Economic Rise of Poland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198789345
eISBN:
9780191831195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789345.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Economic History

I argue in this chapter that despite its ultimate social, economic, and moral bankruptcy, communism imposed on Poland after 1945 sowed the seeds of the country’s economic success after 1989. The old, ... More


The Ofensiva Revolucionaria and the Zafra De Los Diez Millones: Inducing Popular Euphoria, Fraying Fidelismo

Lillian Guerra

in Visions of Power in Cuba: Revolution, Redemption, and Resistance, 1959-1971

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835630
eISBN:
9781469601519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807837368_guerra.14
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter discusses Fidel Castro's economic reforms called “La Ofensiva Revolucionaria.” These reforms are aimed at rectifying the ideological backsliding among loyal citizens that Fidel blamed ... More


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