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Sanctions Enforcer: Economic Sanctions and the Oil‐for‐Food Program

David M. Malone

in The International Struggle Over Iraq: Politics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278572
eISBN:
9780191604119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278571.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the inspections-plus-sanctions approach to Iraqi disarmament, which characterized the enforcement aspects of this third phase of UN involvement in Iraq. The sanctions regime ... More


Targeted Sanctions, Counterterrorism, and Strategic Peacebuilding

George A. Lopez and David Cortright

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The development and reform of smart sanctions makes them a critical element of strategic peacebuilding, specifically in their ability to restrict war and to counter terrorism. Lopez and Cortright ... More


Responses to Threats

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Collective Security

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199579846
eISBN:
9780191725302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579846.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses on measures that collective security institutions take to address threats. Chapter 5 begins with addressing the Security Council's sanctions competence, including the ... More


The Applicability of Economic and Social Rights to the UN Security Council

Nigel D. White

in Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217908
eISBN:
9780191705380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217908.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the applicability of economic, social, and cultural rights (ESC rights) to the UN Security Council, to determine whether it is bound to respect human rights law generally, and ... More


The Failures of External Coercion

Miroslav Nincic

in The Logic of Positive Engagement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450068
eISBN:
9780801463013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450068.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The U.S. has a record of using a predominantly coercive approach to deal with nations whose interests and values clash with its own. When positive incentives do find their way into the mix of ... More


Transnationalism in the Context of Economic Sanctions

Paolo Spadoni

in Failed Sanctions: Why the U.S. Embargo against Cuba Could Never Work

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035154
eISBN:
9780813038896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035154.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Many scholars of international relations have assessed the effectiveness of sanctions by focusing on the economic adjustments introduced by the target country to cope with external pressure, ... More


Legality and Legitimacy of Exporting Democracy

Daniele Archibugi and Mariano Croce

in Legality and Legitimacy in Global Affairs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199781577
eISBN:
9780199932887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781577.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The George W. Bush jr administration explicitly declared its aim to spread democracy militarily. Is such an intention legal under current international law, norms and institutions? If one proves it ... More


Economic Sanctions and the Defeat of Dictators

Abel Escribà-Folch and Joseph Wright

in Foreign Pressure and the Politics of Autocratic Survival

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198746997
eISBN:
9780191809262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746997.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines how sanctions influence regime survival. The chapter argues that sanctions reduce a dictatorship’s ability to obtain patronage rents from external sources that are used to buy ... More


Lessons from the Dispute over the Massachusetts Act Regulating State Contracts with Companies doing Business with Burma (Myanmar)

M. SCHAEFER

in Transatlantic Economic Disputes: The EU, the US, and the WTO

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199261727
eISBN:
9780191698774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261727.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The recent dispute between the United States and the European Union involves a Massachusetts procurement statute that, in essence, imposed a 10 per cent negative preference against companies active ... More


United States Trade Policy: Underlying Forces for Stability

John Odell and Thomas D. Willett

in Trade Policy and Corporate Business Decisions

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195055382
eISBN:
9780199855056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195055382.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

In this chapter the author presents some historical background and conclusions about recent political economic analysis, which the author believes are essential for interpreting current trade policy ... More


Economic Sanctions

James Pattison

in The Alternatives to War: From Sanctions to Nonviolence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198755203
eISBN:
9780191816567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755203.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the case for economic sanctions, both targeted and comprehensive. It challenges the prevailing view on the morality of economic sanctions, which holds that sanctions (including ... More


A Political Theory of Sanctions

Lee Jones

in Societies Under Siege: Exploring How International Economic Sanctions (Do Not) Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198749325
eISBN:
9780191813443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749325.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter surveys the existing literature and presents the book’s analytical framework. Understanding how sanctions work involves starting with a basic model of domestic political contestation ... More


Relations between Cuba and the United States, 1959–2009

Paolo Spadoni

in Failed Sanctions: Why the U.S. Embargo against Cuba Could Never Work

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035154
eISBN:
9780813038896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035154.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter offers a review of the main developments in U.S.–Cuba relations from 1959 to 2009, with a focus on the history of U.S. economic sanctions with respect to Cuba that were first enacted in ... More


‘Give Pause to the Hardiest Aggressor’: A Guarantee of Peace, 1914–1917

Peter J. Yearwood

in Guarantee of Peace: The League of Nations in British Policy 1914-1925

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199226733
eISBN:
9780191710308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226733.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Soon after the outbreak of the First World War British Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey began to insist that the United States would have to guarantee any peace to which it might be a party. ... More


South Africa: Sanctioning Apartheid

Lee Jones

in Societies Under Siege: Exploring How International Economic Sanctions (Do Not) Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198749325
eISBN:
9780191813443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749325.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a case study of sanctions against apartheid South Africa from the 1960s to 1990s. It begins by identifying the main forces contesting state power in South Africa in the periods ... More


Myanmar: Sanctioning Military Rule

Lee Jones

in Societies Under Siege: Exploring How International Economic Sanctions (Do Not) Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198749325
eISBN:
9780191813443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749325.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 presents a case study of sanctions against Myanmar from the 1990s to the 2010s. It shows that sanctions did not generate Myanmar’s transition from military rule in 2011. The balance of ... More


Clinton: From Calibrated Response to Parallel Positive Steps

William M. LeoGrande and Peter Kornbluh

in Back Channel To Cuba: The Hidden History of Negotiations between Washington and Havana

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469626604
eISBN:
9781469626628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626604.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter presents the Clinton administration’s responses to contemporary Cuban issues. Like his predecessors, Clinton engaged in a range of secret talks with Cuba, although normalizing relations ... More


Iraq and Kuwait

Marc Weller

in Iraq and the Use of Force in International Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199595303
eISBN:
9780191595769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595303.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Iraq's invasion of Kuwait was a key test case for the doctrine of serious violation of peremptory norms. The international response to the clear and unambiguous armed invasion of Kuwait would ... More


Societies Under Siege: Exploring How International Economic Sanctions (Do Not) Work

Lee Jones

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198749325
eISBN:
9780191813443
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749325.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Moving beyond the question of whether international economic sanctions work, this book explores how they work—or fail to work—to transform target societies and states. This book provides a ... More


Spoiling War

Philippe Le Billon

in Wars of Plunder: Conflicts, Profits and the Politics of Resources

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333462
eISBN:
9780190235673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333462.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter discusses efforts to end conflicts funded through natural resources, focusing on military interventions, economic sanctions, and revenue sharing agreements between belligerents. Along ... More


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